Randomised Control Trial of a Complex Intervention for Postnatal Depression
The study aims to:
- Develop a culturally appropriate psychosocial intervention
- Test feasibility and acceptability of psychosocial intervention in women suffering from postnatal depression.
Depressed mothers who will receive the group intervention will show significant improvements in terms of symptoms of depression.
Randomised controlled trial.
Outpatient department of Civil hospital Karachi.
A total of 84 depressed mothers will be randomised equally to an intervention group and a Treatment as usual control group.
The 12 session multimodal psychosocial intervention will be delivered to mothers in the intervention group over a three months period. Each session would take up to 45 minutes. Control group will receive standard postnatal follow-up.
Primary outcome measures would be mothers' scores on Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS).
Behavioral: Complex Intervention
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Efficacy of Learning Through Play Plus Intervention to Reduce Maternal Depression for Women With Under-nourished Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial From Pakistan|
- Depression [ Time Frame: 6 months ]We will measure change from baseline in symptoms of depression through Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) at six months by using 17 item HDRS.
- Postnatal Depression [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) will be used to identify mothers with postnatal depression.
- Infants' weight [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Will be measured through standard anthropometric techniques and equipments
- Infants' height [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Will be measured through standard anthropometric techniques and equipments
- Social Support [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Social support of participants will be measured with OSLO 3-Items Social Support Scale
- health related quality of life [ Time Frame: 6 months ]EuroQol-5D(EQ-5 D) will be used to measures health related quality of life in five dimensions. It provides a simple descriptive profile and a single index value for health status.
- Maternal Attachment [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Maternal attachment with infants will be measured with Maternal Attachment Inventory (MAI)
|Study Start Date:||May 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Complex Intervention (LTP-TH)
The 12 sessions of complex intervention (LTP-TH) will be delivered to mothers.
Behavioral: Complex Intervention
This 12 session Multimodal Psychosocial Intervention will include a supportive component, an educational component, psychosocial component and a parenting programme.
Other Name: Multimodal Psychosocial Intervention
No Intervention: Control group
Control group will receive standard postnatal follow-up.
A number of individual and group interventions targeting maternal depression have been developed and tested, mostly in developed countries. Group-based approaches have usually been used to improve outcomes in children through parent-training programmes. A meta-analysis of such programmes shows that these can also be effective in improving psychosocial and mental health of the mothers. However, a number of health system and cultural differences make it difficult for mental health interventions to be extrapolated from the developed to the developing world.
The interventions will be assessed using a prospective randomised controlled design, using two groups: psychosocial group therapy (Learning Through Play + principles of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy)and treatment as usual.
Defining the intervention:
The intervention will include a supportive component, an educational component, and practical advice on using health services, a parenting component, and a psychosocial component. The objective will be to help mothers feel supported, empowered and confident about their parenting abilities, which in turn may help to reduce their level of depression. Further qualitative testing of the intervention will take place to refine the manualized intervention.
The level of severity of depression will be assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) (Cox and Holden, 1994) and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) (Hamilton, 1960).
Women scoring 12 or over on the EPDS and 13 or over on the HDRS will be asked to undergo a diagnostic interview using the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised (CIS-R).
To measure mother infant attachment the Maternal Attachment Inventory (Muller, 1994) will be used.
OSLO-3 item Social Support Scale (Dalgard, 1996) will be used to measure social support.
The adapted Verona Service Satisfaction Scale (Tansella, 1991) will be used to measure patient satisfaction with support and treatment.
Quality of life will be measured by using the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D).
The qualitative interviews will be used to elicit information about previous attempts for help with mental health issues and questions regarding participants understanding of their postnatal depression and their future expectations from a perinatal service.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01309516
|Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, 75600|
|Abbasi Shaheed hospital Karachi|
|Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan|
|Principal Investigator:||Nusrat Husain, MD||University of Manchester|