Lipid Efficacy of the Extended Release Niacin/Laropiprant Combination in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease

This study has been terminated.
(Merck has decided to discontinue all studies with extended-release niacin/laropiprant.because the HPS2-THRIVE did not meet its primary endpoint)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daniel A. Siniawski, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01308203
First received: March 3, 2011
Last updated: August 17, 2015
Last verified: August 2015
  Purpose
  • Clinical studies with statins have shown that patients that suffered a cardiovascular event have a high residual risk. Residual risk decreases with the attaining of progressive lower LDL-C levels.
  • In patients treated with statins, HDL-C level is an independent inverse predictor of subsequent CV and coronary plaque progression, even when LDL-C levels are less than 70 mg/dL.
  • Therefore the purpose on this study is to assess the lipid efficacy on lipid profile and effects on HDL-C metabolism and function of the extended release niacin/laropiprant combination added to usual therapy in very high risk patients with cardiovascular disease and low HDL-C that did not achieve the optional very low LDL-C or non-HDL-C goals

Condition Intervention Phase
Coronary Artery Disease
Dyslipidemias
Drug: Extended release niacin/laropiprant
Drug: placebo
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Lipid Efficacy and Effects on HDL-C Metabolism of the Extended Release Niacin/Laropiprant Combination Added to Usual Therapy in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease and Low HDL-C That Did Not Achieve the Optional Very Low LDL-C Goal

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Nominal change from baseline in low density lipoprotein- cholesterol (LDL-C) at 12 weeks of treatment with the extended release niacin /laropiprant combination added to usual therapy. [ Time Frame: Week -1, baseline (week 0), week (12 ± 2 days) and week 24 (± 2days). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be calculated by the Friedewald equation. With plasma triglycerides levels >400 mg/dL, LDL-C will be measured by an homogeneous method.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy on other lipid variables: high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC), TC/HDL-C ratio, apolipoprotein B (ApoB), apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA), ApoB/ApoA ratio and lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)]. [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0), week 12 (± 2 days) and week (24 ± 2 days). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    TC: enzymatic method. HDL-C: homogeneous direct method. Lp(a),ApoA and ApoB: nephelometric method, using an Immage immunochemistry system (Beckman Coulter).


Enrollment: 32
Study Start Date: October 2011
Study Completion Date: January 2013
Primary Completion Date: January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Extended release niacin /laropiprant
The patients will be randomized to one of two arms. The intervention is with the extended release niacin laropiprant combination, that is an add on of the usual medication that the primary care physician gave them to treat their lipid disorder (statin, ezetimibe or the combination of both).
Drug: Extended release niacin/laropiprant
Randomized patient will received 1 tablet of 1g ERN/20 mg LRPT for the first 4 weeks of treatment. At week 4 (± 2 days)the patient will be assessed in the outpatient clinic. Patients with good tolerance to the study medication will receive 2 tablets of 1 g ERN/20 mg LRPT that should be taken together for the next 8 weeks. At week 12 (± 2 days), patients will be assessed in the outpatient clinic patients and will be crossed over to placebo.
Placebo Comparator: placebo
The patients will received placebo added to the usual therapy their primary care physician gave them to treat their lipid disorder (statin, ezetimibe or the combination of both).
Drug: placebo
Randomized patient will received 1 oral 1 g tablet of placebo for the first 4 weeks of treatment. At week 4 (± 2 days), after randomization the patient will be assessed in the outpatient clinic. Patients with good tolerance to the study medication will receive 2 oral 1 g tablets of placebo that should be taken together for the next 8 weeks. At week 12 (± 2 days), patients will be assessed in the outpatient clinic patients and will be crossed over to active medication.

Detailed Description:

During the screening period, patients will be pre-selected from medical records of patients that met the inclusion criteria. Patients who fulfilled the eligibility criteria will be invited to participate in the study by signing the consent form. After consenting, a screening blood sample test will be taken to determine TC, HDL-C, TG, LDL-C, non-HDL-C (the difference between TC and HDL-C), ALT, AST, CK, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), uric acid and TSH in the local laboratory. Patients who have HDL-C, LDL-C and/or non-HDL-C within inclusion criteria and had none of the biochemical exclusion criteria will be randomized one week after the screening blood test. Further blood samples will be obtained at baseline, 4 weeks (± 2 days), 12 weeks (± 2 days), 16 weeks (± 2 days) and 24 weeks (± 2 days). The blood samples will be centrifuged a 2000 rpm and a tube with blood serum will be sent to the local laboratory for measuring plasma levels of TC, HDL-C, TG, LDL-C, ALT, AST, CK, fasting glucose, HbA1c, creatinine, uric acid, ApoB, ApoA, Lp(a), high sensibility-C Reactive Protein (hs-CRP) and HDL-C sub-fractions (baseline, weeks 12 and 24). ALT, AST, CK, fasting glucose, creatinine and uric acid will be measured at weeks 4 and 16. A second tube will be frozen in -70ºC refrigerator an will be sent to the Department of Clinical Biochemistry of the Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry from the University of Buenos Aires (Argentina) to determine: paraoxonase 1/arylesterase activity (PON1), soluble cell adhesion molecule level (ICAM-1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP) activity. A third tube will be frozen in -70ºC refrigerator an will be sent to the Cardiovascular Research Center of the Faculty of Medical Sciences from the University of La Plata (Argentina) to determine ex vivo cellular cholesterol efflux capacity.

A unique patient number will be provided by the randomization coordinating centre from the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires.

Randomized patient will received a bottle of 35 pills with 1g ERN/20mg LRPT or placebo. At week 4 (± 2 days), after randomization the patient will be assessed in the outpatient clinic. Patients with good tolerance to the study medication will receive four bottles of 35 pills with 1g ERN/20mg LRPT or placebo. At week 12 (± 2 days), patients will be assessed in the outpatient clinic patients and will be crossed over to placebo or active medication. Patients will receive a bottle of 35 pills with 1g ERN/20mg LRPT or placebo. At week 16 (± 2 days), patients with good tolerance to the study medication will receive four bottles of 35 pills with 1g ERN/20mg LRPT or placebo.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men between 21 and 75 years old.
  • Very high risk patients (according NCEP-ATP III definition) with coronary heart disease (CHD) or peripheral arterial disease (PAD), documented by an angiographic study.
  • Clinical stability.
  • Low HDL-C plasma levels: < 40 mg/dL in men or <50 mg/dL in women in the screening and lead-in blood sample tests.
  • LDL-C plasma levels between 70-100 mg/dL or non-HDL-C between 100-130 mg/dL if TG were > 200 mg/dL in the screening and lead-in blood sample tests.
  • Statin based-treatment with or without ezetimibe in a stable dose in last 8 weeks.
  • Women must be postmenopausal for at least 2 years and ≤ 75 years old.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Coronary event o arterial revascularization in the past 6 months.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (HbA1C > 8%).
  • Acute crisis, history of gout or uric acid > 9 mg/dL.
  • Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) outside the central laboratory's normal reference range.
  • Renal insufficiency (creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL).
  • Baseline alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and/or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels > 1.5 UNL.
  • Baseline creatine kinase (CK) > 2 UNL.
  • Triglycerides plasma level ≥ 500 mg/dL.
  • Active fibrate therapy.
  • Age > 75 years old.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01308203

Locations
Argentina
Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires, Argentina, C1181ACH
Sponsors and Collaborators
Daniel A. Siniawski
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Daniel A. Siniawski, Associated Medical Doctor, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01308203     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1608
Study First Received: March 3, 2011
Last Updated: August 17, 2015
Health Authority: Argentina: Administracion Nacional de Medicamentos, Alimentos y Tecnologia Medica

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Disease
Dyslipidemias
Myocardial Ischemia
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Heart Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Niacin
Niacinamide
Nicotinic Acids
Antimetabolites
Cardiovascular Agents
Growth Substances
Hypolipidemic Agents
Lipid Regulating Agents
Micronutrients
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses
Vasodilator Agents
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 01, 2015