Biomarker for Niemann Pick Type C Disease (BioNPC) (BioNPC)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01306604|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 2, 2011
Last Update Posted : April 3, 2020
|Condition or disease|
|Niemann-Pick Disease Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C|
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a lipid storage disease that can present in infants, children, or adults. Neonates can present with ascites and severe liver disease from infiltration of the liver and/or respiratory failure from infiltration of the lungs. Other infants, without liver or pulmonary disease, have hypotonia and developmental delay. The classic presentation occurs in mid-to-late childhood with the insidious onset of ataxia, vertical supranuclear gaze palsy (VSGP), and dementia. Dystonia and seizures are common. Dysarthria and dysphagia eventually become disabling, making oral feeding impossible; death usually occurs in the late second or third decade from aspiration pneumonia. Adults are more likely to present with dementia or psychiatric symptoms. The diagnosis of NPC is confirmed by biochemical testing that demonstrates impaired cholesterol esterification and positive filipin staining in cultured fibroblasts. Biochemical testing for carrier status is unreliable. Most individuals with NPC have NPC1, caused by mutations in the NPC1 gene; fewer than 20 individuals have been diagnosed with NPC2, caused by mutations in the NPC2 gene. Molecular genetic testing of the NPC1 genes detects disease-causing mutations in approximately 94% of individuals with NPC. Such testing is available clinically.
NPC is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Each sib of an affected individual has a 25% chance of being affected, a 50% chance of being an asymptomatic carrier, and a 25% chance of being unaffected and not a carrier. The phenotype (i.e., age of onset and severity of symptoms) usually runs true in families. Carrier testing for at-risk relatives and prenatal testing for pregnancies at increased risk are possible when the two disease-causing mutations have been identified in the family.
Since the only accepted and easily accessible lab test, Fillipin staining of skin fibroblasts, is invasive and has a rather low sensitivity and specificity and genetic sequencing is tome-consuming and expensive there is an urgent need for the improvement of diagnostic biomarkers.
New methods, like mass-spectrometry give a good chance to characterize in the blood (plasma) of affected patents specific metabolic alterations that allow to diagnose in the future the disease earlier, with a higher sensitivity and specificity. In a pilotstudy, NPC509 has been identified as a sensitive and specific biomarker (Fig 1). The structure and pathophysiological role will have to be illucidated further; however preliminary data suggests that NPC509 is a feasible biomarker for NPC. After the verfication of NPC509 as a biomarker for NPC, quantification and validation of NPC509 in saliva will allow for an easier detection method in the future.
Though NPC is a pan-ethnic disorder, the prevalence of this autosomal-recessive disorder is elevated in countries with a higher frequency of consanguinity. Therefore, we estimate that every 400th newborn in Arabian countries may be eligible for inclusion due to high-grade suspicion of NPC, while approximately every 2000th newborn in non-Arabian countries may be eligible.
The validation of this new biochemical marker from the blood (plasma) of the affected patients is the goal of the study.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||1000 participants|
|Official Title:||Biomarker for Niemann Pick Type C Disease (NPC1/NPC2) an International, Multicenter, Epidemiological Study|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 20, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||August 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||August 2021|
Patients from the first day of life with Niemann Pick Type C syndrome NPC1/NPC2 or profound suspicion for Niemann Pick Type C syndrome NPC1/NPC2 disease
- Development of a new MS-based biomarker for the early and sensitive diagnosis of Niemann Pick Type C disease from blood (Plasma) [ Time Frame: 24 month ]New methods, like mass-spectrometry give a good chance to characterize specific metabolic alterations in the blood of affected patients that allow diagnosing in the future the disease earlier, with a higher sensitivity and specificity
- Testing for clinical robustness, specificity and long-term stability of the biomarker [ Time Frame: 36 months ]the goal of the study to identify and validate a new biochemical marker from the blood of the affected patients helping to benefit other patients by an early diagnose and thereby with an earlier treatment
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
For the development of the new biomarkers using the technique of Mass-spectometry, a blood sample of maximal 10ml blood will be taken from the patient via using a dried blood spot filter card. To proof the correct NPC diagnosis in those patients where up to the enrollment in the study no genetic testing has been done, sequencing of NPC1 and/or NPC2 will be done. The analyses will be done at the:
Centogene AG Am Strande 7 18055 Rostock Germany
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01306604
|Rostock, Germany, 18055|
|Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre|
|Cochin, Kerala, India, 682041|
|Navi Mumbai Institute of Research In Mental And Neurological Handicap (NIRMAN)|
|Mumbai, India, 400705|
|Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children|
|Colombo 8, Sri Lanka, 00800c|
|Principal Investigator:||Arndt Rolfs, MD||CENTOGENE GmbH Rostock|