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Identification of Gene Expression Signature for Panitumumab Sensitivity in Untreated Locally Advanced SCCHN (TOP0901)

This study has been terminated.
(This study was terminated for low accrual.)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Neal Ready, Duke University Medical Center Identifier:
First received: February 14, 2011
Last updated: August 19, 2014
Last verified: August 2014

The purpose of this study was to identify which cancer-related genes are turned on or turned off in order to determine how well a patient will respond to the study drug, panitumumab. Panitumumab was added to standard adjuvant or primary radiation therapy. There were subjects that receive surgery followed by therapy and subjects that receive radiation therapy without surgery.

Subjects entering this study had locally advanced disease that can be treated with surgery and/or radiation therapy. Fresh frozen tumor tissue were available for genomics analysis prior to initiating panitumumab therapy. If fresh frozen tissue was not available at time of consent, a biopsy was required to participate in this trial.

Condition Intervention Phase
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
Drug: Panitumumab
Procedure: Surgery
Procedure: Radiation Therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Identification of a Gene Expression Signature Profile for Panitumumab Sensitivity in Untreated Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Cancer of the Head and Neck (SCCHN)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Duke University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Tumor (Primary Tumor and Lymph Node) Response and Progression Between Pre- and Post- Panitumumab Therapy [ Time Frame: Baseline to 2 years ]

    The aim of this outcome measure was to identify a gene expression signature that predicts response to panitumumab in untreated locally advanced squamous cell cancer of the head / neck (SCCHN). Response and progression were evaluated using the largest percentage change among the cases: 1) Pre-panitumumab PET scan activity, and/or; 2) Pre-panitumumab radiologic measurement compared to post-panitumumab measurement and/or; 3) Pre-panitumumab direct measurement of tumor / lymph node compared to post-panitumumab direct measurement of tumor / lymph node. Response and progression were evaluated in this single study using the criteria "changes in only the largest diameter (unidimensional measurement) of the tumor lesions were defined" in the same manner as in RECIST 1.1.

    No results are reported as only 2 of the 6 subjects had fresh tissue collected after the first dose of panitumumab. The study was amended to remove the biopsy procedure due to the potential risk for the participants.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Nine (9) Month Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 9 months ]

    Nine month progression-free survival (PFS) was defined from the time from enrollment to the first date of disease progression or death as a result of any cause. Progression was defined in the same manner as in RECIST 1.1: At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions and an absolute increase of at least 5mm (the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression).

    Time was censored at the date of the last follow-up visit for subjects who were still alive and have not progressed. The 9 month PFS rate is a percentage, representing the fraction of treated subjects who, after 9 months, are disease free or alive.

  • Nine (9) Month Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 9 months ]
    Overall survival (OS) was defined as from the time of enrollment to the date of death resulting from any cause. Time as censored at the date of the last follow-up visit for subjects who were still alive. The 9-month OS rate is a percentage, representing the fraction of treated subjects who, after 9 months, are alive.

Enrollment: 6
Study Start Date: January 2011
Study Completion Date: May 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Surgery
Patients who underwent surgery after research PET/CT scans and subsequent radiation therapy with panitumumab administration
Drug: Panitumumab
Single dose Panitumumab 9mg/kg IV (in the vein) prior to definitive therapy (surgery or radiation therapy). Two additional doses of panitumumab 9mg/kg IV may be given at weeks 1 & 4 of RT alone or weeks 1 & 4 of cisplatin/RT if they tolerated first dose of panitumumab.
Other Names:
  • Vectibix®
Procedure: Surgery
Second biopsy was taken from surgical resection tissue (when possible obtained pre and post panitumumab biopsies from the same site).
Procedure: Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy was initiated within 8 weeks after surgery, or as soon as possible.
Other Name: RT
Active Comparator: Radiation Therapy
Patients who underwent radiation therapy only, in conjunction with panitumumab therapy.
Drug: Panitumumab
Single dose Panitumumab 9mg/kg IV (in the vein) prior to definitive therapy (surgery or radiation therapy). Two additional doses of panitumumab 9mg/kg IV may be given at weeks 1 & 4 of RT alone or weeks 1 & 4 of cisplatin/RT if they tolerated first dose of panitumumab.
Other Names:
  • Vectibix®
Procedure: Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy was initiated within 8 weeks after surgery, or as soon as possible.
Other Name: RT

Detailed Description:

The trial was initiated to identify a gene expression signature profile biomarker for panitumumab sensitivity in locally advanced, untreated SCCHN. SCCHN expresses or over expresses EGFR in >90% of tumors. Panitumumab is a fully human IgG2 monoclonal antibody approved for the treatment of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expressing previously treated metastatic colorectal cancer. It competes with endogenous ligands such as epidermal growth factor and tumor growth factor-α and blocks stimulation of the EGFR. Preclinical experiments have shown that panitumumab has both direct anti-tumor activity and can activate a cellular immune response to SCCHN.This study provides the opportunity to better define the population of patients that would benefit from EGFR inhibition in SCCHN.

Patients received single agent panitumumab in a "window of opportunity" design prior to definitive surgical or radiation therapy. The decision to treat primarily with either surgery or Radiation Therapy (RT) based therapy was based on best medical practice by the treating physician per National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines at

Response to panitumumab monotherapy before surgery or radiation was evaluated as a continuous variable, and a median split of patients will be used to develop a signature of drug responsiveness. An Affymetrix chip based gene signature model was then developed by analyzing gene expression in panitumumab sensitive versus resistant tumors. Identification of a gene expression profile for tumor sensitivity allowed for prospective trials treating patient populations enriched for likelihood of clinical benefit from panitumumab therapy. It is also possible that a gene signature profile for panitumumab responsiveness identified in SCCHN could be used as a biomarker in other epithelial cancers.

Tumor response as measured by percentage decrease in PET scan standardized uptake value (SUV) level or objective evidence of tumor response (by CT scan or direct measurement) was the basis for examining the activity of panitumumab by means of identifying a gene expression signature that predicted response in this patient population. Therefore, PET scan SUV levels was assessed at baseline prior to any treatment. If a baseline PET/CT was obtained and a lesion identified with SUV level ≥6, an additional pre-treatment research PET/CT was performed after consent (prior to dose #1 panitumumab. A second research PET/CT was also obtained after the first dose of panitumumab as part of this research study. If no baseline PET/CT had been obtained, a research PET was obtained pre-treatment; if SUV level ≥6 an additional research PET was obtained after the first dose of panitumumab.

All subjects underwent imaging, biopsy and a single dose of panitumumab 9mg/kg IV. Two to three weeks after panitumumab, imaging was repeated and a second biopsy was obtained (at surgery for surgery patients) and an optional biopsy for patients receiving RT. Subjects received 2 additional doses of panitumumab during their standard therapy.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Untreated, suspected or histologically documented locally advanced clinical stage III or IVa-b(M0)SCCHN, no evidence of distant metastases. Prior surgery with diagnosis of SCCHN acceptable
  2. Candidate for definitive surgery or radiation based therapy.
  3. Fresh frozen tumor tissue must be available for genomic analysis and must pass RNA Quality Control prior to research PET/CT #1 and/or initiating panitumumab
  4. Measurable or evaluable disease
  5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-1
  6. ≥18 years of age
  7. Adequate organ function

    1. neutrophil count (ANC or AGC) ≥1.5 x 109/L
    2. Platelet count ≥75 x 109/L
    3. Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL
    4. Creatinine ≤1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    5. Hepatic enzymes (AST, ALT)≤2.5x ULN, Total Bilirubin <1.5x ULN
    6. Magnesium ≥ Lower limit of Normal (LLN)
  8. Negative serum pregnancy test ≤7 days before starting panitumumab (for women of childbearing potential only)
  9. Competent to comprehend, sign, and date a written informed consent form
  10. Sexually active males & females of reproductive potential must agree to use adequate method of contraception during treatment & for 6 months after study drug stopped

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of other malignancy within past 2 years, except:

    1. Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease
    2. Adequately treated non-melanomatous skin cancer or lentigo maligna with no evidence of disease
    3. Adequately treated cervical carcinoma in situ with no evidence of disease
    4. Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia with no evidence of prostate cancer
  2. Primary tumor of the nasopharynx (nasopharyngeal cancer), sinuses, salivary gland, or skin. (Squamous cell carcinoma arising in/near nasopharynx is eligible)
  3. Prior radiotherapy in planned field if it prevents standard radiotherapy dose and field
  4. Prior radiation for head & neck cancer
  5. Prior anti-EGFR antibody therapy (e.g., cetuximab) or treatment with small molecule EGFR inhibitors (e.g., gefitinib, erlotinib, lapatinib)
  6. Prior anti-cancer treatment with: chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy, experimental or approved proteins/antibodies within the past 5 years.
  7. Prior systemic chemotherapy for study cancer
  8. Investigational agent or therapy ≤30 days before enrollment and/or have not recovered from such side effects
  9. Continued chronic use of immunosuppressive agents during the clinical trial period (e.g., methotrexate and cyclosporine), corticosteroids are allowed
  10. Clinically significant cardiovascular disease (including myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia) ≤6 months before enrollment
  11. History of interstitial lung disease e.g., pneumonitis or pulmonary fibrosis or evidence of interstitial lung disease on baseline chest CT scan. Patients with CT scan findings consistent with lung scarring from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or previous infection are eligible
  12. History of any medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that in the opinion of the investigator may increase the risk associated with the study participation or investigational product(s) administration or may interfere with the interpretation of the results
  13. Unwilling or unable to comply with study requirements
  14. Pregnant or breast feeding, or planning to become pregnant within 6 months after the end of treatment
  15. Known positive test(s) for HIV infection
  16. Major surgery within 2 weeks of enrollment. Staging endoscopy with biopsy/tonsillectomy for head & neck cancer, tracheostomy, and/or gastrostomy tube placement eligible one day after procedure. May consent to tissue collection biopsy pre-endoscopy/minor surgery and then begin protocol therapy one day after procedure.
  17. Known allergy/hypersensitivity to any component of the study treatment(s)
  18. Infection requiring intravenous antibiotics for any uncontrolled infection ≤14 days prior to enrollment
  19. Subjects on anticoagulant therapy. Aspirin and other anti-platelet agents will not be defined as anticoagulant therapy for this study
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01305772

United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27514
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Neal Ready
Principal Investigator: Neal Ready, MD, PhD Duke University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Neal Ready, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center Identifier: NCT01305772     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00023859
20080645 ( Other Identifier: Previous Protocol ID )
Study First Received: February 14, 2011
Results First Received: September 10, 2013
Last Updated: August 19, 2014

Keywords provided by Duke University:
Stage III or IVa-b (M0)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 25, 2017