Enteral Nutrition in Cancer Patients
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Tumor and its therapy have adverse effects on the nutritional status of cancer patients, leading to nutritional support. The aim was to study enteral nutrition indications, as well as its compliance and the impact on nutritional status.
DESIGN AND SETTING: Clinical trial, IOP, Unifesp-EPM.
METHODS: Patients older than 1 year followed during anticancer therapy were included from January 2002 to January 2004. They received industrialized oral supplementation - Nutren 1.0 or Jr (IOS) and were followed on a weekly basis and reevaluated on weeks 3, 8 and 12: at these times, if inadequate outcome was observed, tube feeding with the same supplement (TFR) was indicated.
|Malnutrition Cancer||Dietary Supplement: industrialized oral supplementation (IOS) and tube feeding regimen (TFR) with Nutren||Phase 4|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Enteral Nutrition Support in Children and Adolescents With Cancer: a Non-randomized Controlled Clinical Trial|
Experimental: IOS, TFR
industrialized oral supplementation (IOS) and tube feeding regimen (TFR) with Nutren 1.0 or Jr (Nestlé-Clinical Nutrition).
Dietary Supplement: industrialized oral supplementation (IOS) and tube feeding regimen (TFR) with Nutren
The oral and tube supplement offered was Nutren Jr® (for patients aged 1 - 9 years) or Nutren 1.0- Nestlé Clinical Nutrition-Brazil (for those aged 10 years or over). This supplement was a whole powder formulation that presented a macro composition of 52% carbohydrates, 12% proteins and 36% lipids. Its vitamins were A, D, E, K, B complex, biotin and choline; its trace elements were iron, copper, zinc, manganese, selenium, chromium and molybdenum; its macroelements were potassium, calcium, sodium, chlorine, iodine, magnesium and phosphorus; and it contained taurine and L-carnitine presenting 1.0 kcal/ml.