C11 AMT Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Imaging in Patients With Metastatic Invasive Breast Cancer
|Breast Cancer||Biological: Adenovirus-p53 transduced dendritic cell vaccine Drug: 1-methyl-D-tryptophan Radiation: Carbon C 11 alpha-methyltryptophan|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||NCI 8701: A Pilot Study Utilizing C11 Alpha Methyl Tryptophan (AMT) PET Functional Imaging in Patients With Metastatic Invasive Breast Cancer Treated With 1 Methyl D Tryptophan Plus the Ad p53 DC Vaccine|
- Occurrence of Detected Changes in Regions of Interest (ROIs) [ Time Frame: Average of 7 weeks ]Changes in C-11 AMT uptake and localization (measured by SUV) between baseline and approximately 4 days after initiation of treatment. The primary objective is to determine whether such changes can be detected in regions of interest (ROIs) using PET/CT imaging in patients with metastatic breast cancer enrolled in NCI 8461/ MCC16025. The SUV values in identified regions of interest (ROIs) for each patient will be compared over time between baseline and approximately 4 days after initiation of treatment, and after completion of the protocol treatment. The analysis will be largely exploratory and descriptive as the sample size and study design will likely preclude an adequate/definitive statistical conclusion of SUV values between the two time points.
- Number of Participants with Clinical Response [ Time Frame: Average of 7 weeks ]Clinical responses based on Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors [RECIST] criteria, to 1-MT plus the Ad.p53 DC vaccine.
- Number of Participants with Presence of IDO ImmunoHistoChemistry (IHC) Expression [ Time Frame: Average of 7 weeks ]Presence of immuno-modulatory enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) IHC expression (positive vs. negative as described in NCI 8461/MCC 16025) in the assayed tumor sample.
- Number of Participants with Immune Response [ Time Frame: Average of 7 weeks ]Immune response to the vaccine (by ELISPOT criteria as described in NCI 8461/MCC 16025). The secondary endpoint immunologic response is defined as IFN-γ p53 T cell specific ELISPOT assay count measured, being ≥ 2 SDs above the baseline for a patient.
- Number of Participants with Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Average of 7 weeks ]Examine toxicity data of the protocol treatment according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) V4.0.
|Anticipated Study Start Date:||January 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
AMT positron emission tomography with integrated computed tomography (PET/CT)scanning in metastatic breast cancer patients to identify tumors with increased AMT uptake due to up-regulated IDO expression.
Biological: Adenovirus-p53 transduced dendritic cell vaccine
The Ad.p53 DC vaccine will be injected intradermally (through the skin) into four separate sites. The patient's vaccine will be the same dose throughout the study.
Other Names:Drug: 1-methyl-D-tryptophan
Each treatment cycle is comprised of 21 days. The treatment is continuous with no breaks in between cycles. Patients would not be allowed to take any tryptophan containing supplements while participating on this study.
Other Names:Radiation: Carbon C 11 alpha-methyltryptophan
The experimental examination for this research is the administration by a needle in a vein of Tryptophan labeled with a radioactive tracer (a substance is believed to enhance imaging for easier detection and measurement), Carbon 11, when when the patient has not eaten for five hours. A standard PET/CT scanner is then used to create images of the tracer a few minutes later.
Other Name: radioactive tracer
Coordinating Center: Southeast Phase 2 Consortium (SEP2C), Moffitt Cancer Center.
Research participation involves up to three experimental imaging examination visits in radiology: a baseline before the patient starts a cancer treatment, a follow-up a few days later, and a later follow up to see how the treatment may affect normal or abnormal processing of Tryptophan.
The research imaging results will be linked with other evidence of the patient's disease, but will not effect their care.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01302821
|Principal Investigator:||Hatem Soliman, M.D.||H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute|