Canakinumab for Pyoderma Gangrenosum

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01302795
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 24, 2011
Last Update Posted : September 27, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Zurich

Brief Summary:
This study is a prospective open label evaluation of Canakinumab (Ilaris) for treatment of subjects with pyoderma gangrenosum.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pyoderma Gangrenosum Drug: Canakinumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

At the start of the study (week 0), all patients will receive one subcutaneous injection of 150mg Canakinumab. Patients are then going to be examined at weeks 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16.

At 2 weeks, all patients are going to be evaluated for response by Physician's global assessment (PGA) of the target lesion. Patients with PGA 0-1 are not going to receive another injection at this timepoint, while patients with PGA 2-4 are going to receive another 150mg Canakinumab.

At 4 weeks, in case of PGA 4, patients are going to be offered a first or second line drug as an alternative therapy (corticosteroids, cyclosporin A or infliximab, dosage see below "Alternative therapy in case of missing response") and stay within the trial (due to the long half-life of canakinumab) until week 8.

At week 8, patients with PGA 0 receive another 150mg Canakinumab only, and patients with PGA 4 are not going to receive additional study drug, but are strongly encouraged to attend following medical visits for observation until the end of the study and/or switch to a first or second line drug as alternative therapy (see below). All other patients with PGA 1-3 receive the total accumulative dose of Canakinumab that they had received on week 0 and 2, namely 150 or 300mg.

The study duration for each individual is going to be 16 weeks. At week 8 and 16, safety laboratory investigations with blood differential (Neutrophil granulocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils, lymphocytes, thrombocytes, erythrocytes, hemoglobin), AST, ALT, y-GT, AP, Bilirubin (total), Creatinine, Na, K, CRP are going to be determined.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Multi Center Open Label Pilot Study To Assess a Potential Effect of an Anti-Il-1-Beta Antagonist in the Treatment of Pyoderma Gangrenosum
Study Start Date : February 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Canakinumab
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Canakinumab
Canakinumab s.c. 150-300mg Week 0, (2), 8
Drug: Canakinumab
Monoclonal antibody inhibiting interleukin 1 beta
Other Name: Ilaris

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of the Physician's global assessment (Grade 0-4) of the target lesion [ Time Frame: Week 2, 4, 8, 16 ]

    The primary response parameter change of the physician global assessment (PGA) 5-point scale at week 2, 4, 8, 16 as compared to week 0 :

    0= Total resolution of target ulcer with no signs of active PG

    1. Almost completely healed target ulcer with only minimal signs of active PG
    2. Evidence of target ulcer healing which involves at least 50% of ulcer/ulcer margin
    3. Evidence of target ulcer healing which involves less than 50% of ulcer/ulcer margin
    4. No evidence of target healing ulcer

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in surface area of the target lesion of pyoderma gangrenosum [ Time Frame: Week 2, 4, 8, 16 ]
    As secondary parameter, the change in surface area of the target lesion of pyoderma gangrenosum at week 2, 4, 8, 16 as compared to week 0 will be assessed by measuring the two-dimensional surface by tracing the border of the lesions on transparent foil as well as with Canfield photography.

  2. Change in surface area of the non-target lesions [ Time Frame: Week 2, 4, 8, 16 ]
    As secondary parameter, the change in surface area of the non-target lesions of pyoderma gangrenosum at week 2, 4, 8, 16 as compared to week 0 will be assessed by measuring the two-dimensional surface by tracing the border of the lesions on transparent foil as well as with Canfield photography.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria: Patients fulfilling all of the following inclusion criteria may be enrolled in the study

  1. Age = 18 years of age at visit 0 and
  2. Subjects are capable of giving informed consent
  3. Non-healing ulcer with primarily neutrophil infiltration, regardless of size and location
  4. Diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum as confirmed by clinical and histological examination (see exclusion criteria). In case of doubt, a steering committee consisting of experts of the participating centers is going to evaluate whether inclusion is possible or not

Exclusion criteria:

  • Other etiologies of ulcers 15, namely venous insufficiency, arterial occlusion, microcirculatory disorders, physical or chemical injury, infection, neuropathy, vasculitis, haematological disorders, neoplasia, other ulcerating diseases: Diseases with cutaneous manifestations mimicking pyoderma gangrenosum, including but not limited to Wegener's granulomatosis, polyarteritis nodosa, lymphoma, sporotrichosis and antiphospholipid syndrome.
  • Classical systemic therapy (including but not limited to: corticosteroids, methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil, azathioprine, tacrolimus, dapsone, cyclophosphamide) affecting pyoderma gangrenosum less than 14 days prior to enrollment.
  • Therapy with other biologics (TNF antagonists, intravenous immunoglobulins) less than 3 months or 5 half-lives prior to enrollment, whichever is longer.
  • Any other investigational drugs, other than investigational biologic treatment, within 30 days (or 3 months for investigational monoclonal antibodies) or 5 half-lives prior to the baseline visit, whichever is longer. Washout period may be longer according to local requirements.
  • Topical therapy affecting pyoderma gangrenosum for a period of 14 days prior to enrollment.
  • Having a history of recurring bacterial, viral, fungal, atypical mycobacterial infection, especially active or latent granulomatous infections (incl. tuberculosis, histoplasmosis) or currently undergoing treatment for tuberculosis.
  • A positive quantiferon test indicating possible latent tuberculosis infection.
  • An abnormal chest x-ray indicating a possible infection or malignoma for a period of 3 months prior to enrollment.
  • Known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-, Hepatitis B (HBV)-, or Hepatitis C (HCV)-infection.
  • Having a severe medical condition that, in the judgment of the investigator, would jeopardize in any way the subject's safety following exposure to study drug.
  • Pregnant or lactating women, patients (men or women) planning a pregnancy during the duration of the study, lack of safe contraception.

Safe contraception is defined as follows:

Double-barrier contraception such as oral, injectable, or implantable contraceptives, or intrauterine contraceptive devices together with condom use.

Both men and women must use safe contraception (double-barrier as defined above) during the duration of the study and until 6 months after the study.

Please note that female subjects who are surgically sterilized/hysterectomized or post-menopausal for longer than 2 years are not considered as being of child bearing potential.

  • Having the presence or history of malignancy, including lymphoproliferative disorders. Subjects with a history of fully resolved basal or squamous cell skin cancer may be enrolled.
  • Contraindications to monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies, e.g. known hypersensitivity or allergy to class of drugs or the investigational product.
  • Known or suspected non-compliance, drug or alcohol abuse.
  • Inability to follow the procedures of the study, e.g. due to language problems, psychological disorders, dementia or confusional state of the subject.
  • Participation in another treatment study within the 30 days preceding and during the present study.
  • Previous enrollment into the current study.
  • Enrollment of the investigator, his/her family members, employees and other dependent persons.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01302795

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Zurich
Zurich, Switzerland, 8091
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Zurich
Principal Investigator: Lars French, Prof MD University Hospital Zurich, Division of Dermatology

Responsible Party: University of Zurich Identifier: NCT01302795     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DER-USZ-AAN-008
First Posted: February 24, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 27, 2016
Last Verified: September 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The data are in the Publication Kolios et al. British Journal of Dermatology, 2015

Keywords provided by University of Zurich:
Interleukin 1 beta
autoinflammatory syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pyoderma Gangrenosum
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Vascular
Skin Ulcer
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs