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Balance Training for People With Multiple Sclerosis Using Nintendo Wii Fit

This study has been completed.
Uppsala-Örebro Regional Research Council
Norrbacka-Eugenia Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Anette Forsberg, PhD, Örebro County Council Identifier:
First received: February 17, 2011
Last updated: April 7, 2015
Last verified: April 2015

The aim is to evaluate balance training using Nintendo Wii Fit. The hypothesis is that a period of training will increase balance capacity och self-efficacy.

People with diagnosed multiple sclerosis are invited to participate. Estimation of study power gave that 29 people in each group was necessary to detect a difference in the primary outcome measure, Timed Up and Go test.

Other measures used are the Four square step test, Dynamic Gait Index, Timed stands test, 25 foot walking test, 12-item Walking scale and the ABC scale.

Participants were randomised to either training or control. The training consisted of 6 weeks training with Nintendo Wii Fit 30 minutes 2 times a week.

Condition Intervention
Multiple Sclerosis
Other: Training using Nintendo Wii Fit

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Balance Training for People With Multiple Sclerosis Using Nintendo Wii Fit

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Örebro County Council:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Timed Up and Go Test From Day 1 to Day 42 [ Time Frame: Measured at day 1 (before the training period) and at day 42 (after the training period) ]
    Change in seconds on the Timed Up and Go test (TUG). In the TUG test time is taken from rising from a chair, walking 3 meters, turning,walking back and sitting down.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Score on the Dynamic Gait Index From Day 1 to Day 42 [ Time Frame: Measured at day 1 (before training) and day 42 (after training) ]
    The Dynamic Gait index consists of 8 items. Performance on each item is rated from 0 (severe impairment) to 3 (nomal performance). Minimum total score is 0 and maximum 24. Higher scores indicate better walking and balance performance.

  • Change in the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scalefrom Day 1 to Day 42 [ Time Frame: Measured at day 1 (before training) and day 42 (after training) ]
    The ABC scale is a self-rating scale of balance activities in everyday Life. It includes 16 items. The patient rates his/her performance from 0-100. Score on each item are summed an divided by 16. Minimum score is 0 and maximum score 100. A higher score indicate higher confidence in ones balance and walking capacity.

  • Change in the 12 Item Walking Scale From Day 1 to Day 42 [ Time Frame: Measured at day 1 and day 42, before and after the training ]
    The 12 item walking scale is a self-rating scale of walking limitations. The scale includes 12 items that each are scores from 1 to 5, where 5 is extremely limited. Scores are added and transformed to a scale from 0-100. 0 indicates no limitation and 100 extremely limited.

Enrollment: 84
Study Start Date: September 2010
Study Completion Date: June 2011
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Control
Participants allocated as controls receive no treatment. They may be physically active as usual.
Experimental: Training with Nintendo Wii Fit
Training 6 weeks with Nintendo Wii Fit, 30 minutes 2 times per week
Other: Training using Nintendo Wii Fit
Training 2 times per week, 30 minutes, for 6 weeks.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosed multiple sclerosis
  • Subjective experience of affected balance and walking
  • Being able to walk 100 meters with assistance

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Cognitive or language deficits that prevents using the self-rating scales
  • Visual deficits that prevents training with television games
  • Weight above 149 kg
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01299025

Eskilstuna, Sweden, 63188
Karlstad hospital
Karlstad, Sweden
Västerås hospital
Västerås, Sweden, 72189
Family Medicine Research centre
Örebro, Sweden, 70116
Sponsors and Collaborators
Örebro County Council
Uppsala-Örebro Regional Research Council
Norrbacka-Eugenia Foundation
Principal Investigator: Anette Forsberg, PhD Örebro County Council
  More Information

Responsible Party: Anette Forsberg, PhD, PhD, Research physical therapist, Örebro County Council Identifier: NCT01299025     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Ö28-10
Study First Received: February 17, 2011
Results First Received: March 25, 2015
Last Updated: April 7, 2015

Keywords provided by Örebro County Council:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases processed this record on April 28, 2017