We updated the design of this site on December 18, 2017. Learn more.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

RESPECT Trial - (Rapid Extravascular Sealing Via PercutanEous Collagen ImplanT) (RESPECT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01297322
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 16, 2011
Results First Posted : October 3, 2014
Last Update Posted : October 3, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cardiva Medical, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The objective of this trial is to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of the Cardiva VASCADE™ Vascular Closure System (VCS) in sealing femoral arterial access sites. Hypothesis: The Cardiva VASCADE™ VCS provides times to hemostasis (TTH) and time to ambulation (TTA) results that are less than manual compression by a clinically meaningful and statistically significant margin. The rate of major access site-related complications with the Cardiva VASCADE™ VCS is non-inferior to the major complication rates of manual compression for sealing femoral arterial access sites.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Surgical Wound Other: Manual compression Device: Cardiva VASCADE™ Vascular Closure System

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 420 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-Center, Prospective, Randomized, Controlled, Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of the Cardiva VASCADE™ Vascular Closure System (VCS) vs. Manual Compression for the Management of the Femoral Arteriotomy After Percutaneous Endovascular Procedures
Study Start Date : September 2011
Primary Completion Date : June 2012
Study Completion Date : July 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Manual compression Other: Manual compression
Standard of Care
Experimental: VASCADE™ Vascular Closure System Device: Cardiva VASCADE™ Vascular Closure System
Investigational Hemostatic Vascular Closure System

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Hemostasis (TTH) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 hour ]
    Primary effectiveness endpoint - elapsed time between device (VASCADE) or sheath (manual compression) removal and first observed and confirmed arterial hemostasis.

  2. Rate of Combined Access Site-related Major Complications [ Time Frame: 30 days +/- 7 days ]

    Primary safety endpoint

    • Access site-related bleeding requiring transfusion;
    • Vascular injury requiring repair (via surgery, ultrasound guided compression, transcatheter embolization or stent graft);
    • New ipsilateral lower extremity ischemia causing a threat to the viability of the limb and requiring surgical or additional percutaneous intervention. This compromised blood flow is documented by subject symptoms, physical exam and/or a decreased or absent blood flow on lower extremity angiogram.;
    • Access site-related infection requiring intravenous antibiotics and/or extended hospitalization;
    • New onset access site-related neuropathy in the ipsilateral lower extremity requiring surgical repair;
    • Permanent access site-related nerve injury. (> 30 days)

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Ambulation (TTA) [ Time Frame: Up to 1 day ]
    Secondary effectiveness endpoint - elapsed time between device (VASCADE) or sheath (manual compression) removal and when subject stands and walks 20 feet without evidence of arterial re-bleeding

  2. Time to Discharge Eligibility (TTDE) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 days ]
    Secondary effectiveness endpoint - elapsed time between device (VASCADE) or sheath (manual compression) removal and when subject is medically able to be discharged based solely on the assessment of the access site, as determined by the medical team

  3. Time to Hospital Discharge (TTHD) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 days ]
    Secondary effectiveness endpoint - elapsed time between device (VASCADE) or sheath (manual compression) removal and when subject is actually discharged from the hospital

  4. Device Success [ Time Frame: Up to 1 day ]
    Secondary effectiveness endpoint - ability to deploy the delivery system, deliver the collagen, and achieve hemostasis with VASCADE alone or with adjunctive compression

  5. Procedure Success [ Time Frame: 30 days +/- 7 days ]
    Secondary effectiveness endpoint - attainment of final hemostasis using any method and freedom from major vascular complications through 30 days

  6. Rate of Combined Minor Access Site Complications [ Time Frame: 30 days +/- 7 days ]

    Secondary safety endpoint

    • Access site-related bleeding requiring greater than 30 minutes to achieve hemostasis;
    • Access site-related hematoma > 6 cm;
    • Late access site-related bleeding (following hospital discharge);
    • Ipsilateral lower extremity arterial emboli;
    • Ipsilateral deep vein thrombosis;
    • Access site-related vessel laceration;
    • Access site wound dehiscence;
    • Localized access site infection treated with intramuscular or oral antibiotics;
    • Arteriovenous fistula not requiring treatment;
    • Pseudoaneurysm requiring thrombin injection or fibrin adhesive injection;
    • Pseudoaneurysm not requiring treatment;
    • New onset access site-related neuropathy in the ipsilateral lower extremity not requiring surgical repair;
    • Ipsilateral pedal pulse diminished by two grades or transiently lost.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Pre-Operative Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients undergoing an elective, non-emergent diagnostic or interventional endovascular procedure via the common femoral artery using a 6 or 7 Fr introducer sheath

Pre-Operative Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Advanced refusal of blood transfusion, if necessary;
  2. Active systemic or a cutaneous infection or inflammation;
  3. Pre-existing immunodeficiency disorder and/or chronic use of systemic steroids;
  4. Known, significant history of bleeding diathesis, coagulopathy, von Willebrand's disease or current platelet count < 100,000 cells/mm3, baseline INR ≥1.8, or fibrinogen level less than 150 mg/dl (if received a fibrinolytic agent within prior 24 hours);
  5. Severe co-existing morbidities having a life expectancy of less than 30 days;
  6. Currently involved in any other investigational clinical trial;
  7. Ipsilateral femoral arteriotomy within the previous 30 days;
  8. Planned endovascular procedure within the next 30 days;
  9. Previous ipsilateral femoral artery closure using a permanent implant-based closure device;
  10. Previous vascular grafts or surgery at the target vessel access site;
  11. History of symptomatic peripheral arterial disease, revascularization or deep vein thrombosis in the ipsilateral limb;
  12. Unilateral or bilateral lower extremity amputation(s);
  13. Significant anemia with a hemoglobin level less than 10 g/dL or a hematocrit less than 30%;
  14. Renal insufficiency (serum creatinine of > 2.5 mg/dl);
  15. Females who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant within 3 months of the procedure, or lactating;
  16. Extreme morbid obesity (BMI greater than 45 kg/m2) or underweight (BMI less than 20 kg/m2);
  17. Unable to routinely walk at least 20 feet without assistance (see protocol);
  18. Known allergy/adverse reaction to bovine derivatives, sodium hyaluronate or hyaluronan preparations;
  19. Procedures that extend hospitalization (e.g., staged endovascular procedure, CABG);
  20. Administration of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) within 8 hours of the procedure.

Intra-op Exclusion Criteria

  1. An introducer sheath with an overall length greater than 11 cm, or not 6 Fr or 7 Fr diameter;
  2. Femoral artery diameter less than 6 mm at access site;
  3. Difficult insertion of procedural sheath or needle stick problems at the onset of the procedure (e.g., multiple stick attempts, "back wall stick", etc.);
  4. Angiographic evidence of more than minimal calcium, atherosclerotic disease, or stent within 1 cm of the puncture site;
  5. Overlapping Common Femoral Vein and Femoral Artery at access site;
  6. Placement of ipsilateral venous sheath during procedure;
  7. Arterial access site located not at common femoral artery (e.g., on or below the bifurcation, above the lower border of the inferior epigastric artery, or above the pelvic brim);
  8. More than one access site required;
  9. Loss of distal pulses in the ipsilateral extremity during the procedure;
  10. Subjects receiving unfractionated heparin with an ACT greater than 300 seconds in the absence of a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor or greater than 250 seconds in the presence of a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (may wait to remove introducer sheath until ACT level reaches the target value);
  11. Intra-procedural bleeding around sheath, or suspected intraluminal thrombus, hematoma, pseudoaneurysm, or AV fistula;
  12. Systemic hypertension (BP greater than 180/110 mmHg) or hypotension (BP less than 90/60 mmHg) prior to randomization;
  13. Length of the tissue tract, the distance between the anterior arterial wall and skin, is estimated to be less than 2.5 cm;
  14. If the physician deems that a different method should be used to achieve hemostasis of the arterial site or that the subject should not attempt ambulation according to the protocol requirements.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01297322

  Show 21 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cardiva Medical, Inc.
Principal Investigator: James B. Hermiller, Jr., MD, FACC, FSCAI The St. Vincent Heart Center of Indiana, St. Vincent Hospital


Responsible Party: Cardiva Medical, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01297322     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PTL 0243
First Posted: February 16, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 3, 2014
Last Update Posted: October 3, 2014
Last Verified: September 2014

Keywords provided by Cardiva Medical, Inc.:
vascular closure system
manual compression
femoral arteriotomy
percutaneous endovascular procedures

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Surgical Wound
Wounds and Injuries