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Trientine Hydrochloride for the Prevention of Macular Edema After Cataract Surgery in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01295073
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (appropriate study medication supply could not be identified)
First Posted : February 14, 2011
Last Update Posted : May 9, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David Maberley, University of British Columbia

Brief Summary:
The primary purpose of the protocol is to evaluate whether Trientine Hydrochloride, a copper chelator which is an agent that binds with and removes copper, will be effective in minimizing macular edema after cataract surgery in individuals with type 2 diabetes. It is our hypothesis that there will be a reduction in copper-attributed inflammation after surgery resulting a decrease in edema.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Macular Edema Following Cataract Surgery Drug: Trientine Hydrochloride Other: For Arm B there is no therapeutic intervention other than standard of care, which is cataract surgery. Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Individuals with type II Diabetes Mellitus who present to the UBC/VGH Eye Care Centre for cataract surgery will be offered participation in this study. Cataract surgery will be performed according to the surgeons' normal protocols and the present standards of care; however, subjects will be randomized to either a 10-day course of oral Trientine at 1500mg/day administered for 7 days prior to and 3 days after the surgery, or to placebo. Urinary copper levels will be evaluated before and after Trientine administration to determine the efficacy of copper chelation at the time of surgery.

Baseline ocular exams, bloodwork and urine collection will be organized or performed at the two screening visits up to two months before the date of cataract surgery according to the research protocol (flowsheet included at the end). Subjects will also be evaluated at Day1 post-operative, Day 7 (Week #1) post operative, and Day 28-30 (Month 1)post operative with Ocular Coherence Tomography (retinal thickness measurements). Fundus photography and visual acuity testing will be done at Screening and month 1. A final phlebotomy to rule out copper deficiency anemia will be required at month 1 as well.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Trientine Hydrochloride for the Prevention of Macular Edema After Cataract Surgery in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cataract Edema

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: A
Oral Trientine 1500mg x 1 week before cataract surgery and 3 days post surgery
Drug: Trientine Hydrochloride

Arm A's therapeutic intervention is the use of Trientine Hydrochloride for 10 days in the perioperative period.

All participating subjects will all receive cataract surgery according to present standards of care; however, subjects randomized the intervention group (trientine hydrochloride) will be on a 10 day course of oral Trientine at 1500mg administered for 7 days prior to and 3 days after surgery.

Other Name: Syprine

Placebo Comparator: B
Oral Placebo x 1 week before cataract surgery and 3 days post surgery
Other: For Arm B there is no therapeutic intervention other than standard of care, which is cataract surgery.
see above

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in retinal thickness measurements by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) from screening to Day 28 between subjects undergoing surgery with and without Trientine use. [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 28 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Secondary analyses will involve evaluations of the change in visual acuity and fundus photography results from screening to Day 28. [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 28 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes


  1. A diagnosis of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
  2. Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) eye chart score of 34 to 73 letters at 2 meters following auto-refraction. (20/20 to 20/320 [logMAR 0 to 1.2] for study eye.
  3. Willing and able to participate and provide written informed consent.
  4. Must be 19 years of age or older
  5. Patients must require cataract surgery as determined by an ophthalmologist.
  6. Patients must have standard, uncomplicated cataract surgery with a foldable lens planned.


  1. Individuals with active retinal neovascularization.
  2. Any intraocular surgery within 2 months or laser surgery within 1 month in the study eye.
  3. Prior retinal or vitreous surgery including posterior segment vitrectomy or scleral buckling.
  4. Inadequate initial OCT scan for reliable baseline measurement of retinal thickness.
  5. Current macular edema not related to diabetes.
  6. Patients who have received treatment with Avastin or Lucentis or laser in either eye in the last 3 months.
  7. Other ocular disease unrelated to diabetes or cataract that the investigator believes could be affect macular imaging or visual outcome.
  8. Medical conditions requiring constant use of mineral supplements (copper, iron or zinc in particular). This does not include those with Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) who may safely stop vitamins and minerals for the 10 day course of the treatment.
  9. Patients with anemia.
  10. Patients with physical or mental disabilities that prevent accurate testing.
  11. Active hepatitis, clinically significant liver disease, or a recent history of alcohol abuse.
  12. Any evidence of renal failure or an eGFR of less than 80% of age-adjusted normals.
  13. Patients who had a stroke or myocardial infarction within the preceding 6 months or who have ventricular tachycardia under treatment.
  14. History of severe cardiac disease or unstable angina.
  15. Subjects who are in an experimental therapy study or who have received experimental therapy within the last 12 weeks.
  16. Subjects who are a poor medical risk because of other systemic diseases or active uncontrolled infections.
  17. Subjects with inflammatory systemic diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematous.
  18. Women of childbearing potential not on 2 effective forms of birth control.
  19. Women who are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01295073

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Canada, British Columbia
Univeristy of British Columbia/Vancouver Coastal Health Authority - Eye Care Center
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of British Columbia
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Principal Investigator: David Maberley, MD,FRCSC,MSc(Epid) University of British Columbia
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Responsible Party: David Maberley, Principal Investigator, University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01295073    
Other Study ID Numbers: H11-00165
First Posted: February 14, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 9, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Keywords provided by David Maberley, University of British Columbia:
Cataract surgery
Macular Edema
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Macular Edema
Capsule Opacification
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Lens Diseases
Eye Diseases
Macular Degeneration
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action