Intervening With and Improving Care for Patients at Risk for Frequent Hospital Admissions
Patients with frequent hospital admissions account for a disproportionate share of visits and costs. An intervention that can bridge the gap between hospital and community based care for a population of patients with frequent hospital admissions may offer both improved care and cost savings if hospital admissions can be appropriately reduced. We are now using data from our previous research to inform the development and implementation of an intervention at Bellevue Hospital, which will bridge the gap between hospital and community based care for a population of patients with frequent hospital admissions.
We hypothesize that such an intervention can offer both improved care and cost savings if hospital admissions can be appropriately reduced.
In this protocol we outline a strategy to pilot a small-scale intervention on a small subset of patients admitted to an urban public tertiary care safety net hospital who are defined by our study criteria as at high risk for future readmission. By piloting components of the intervention, we aim to assure the intervention functions as planned, and can deliver the needed services to high risk patients in a seamless and patient-centered manner. The purpose of this "feasibility study" is to ensure that when our intervention is implemented on a larger scale, it appropriately serves enrolled patients needs, and that we are able to effectively follow patients during the intervention period.
|Hospitalization Patient Readmission||Other: Provision of extra (care coordination and management) services||Phase 1|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Intervening With and Improving Care for Patients at Risk for Frequent Hospital Admissions|
- Housing placement [ Time Frame: 1 year ]Number of eligible chronically homeless patients placed in transitional or permanent housing
- Patient retention in program [ Time Frame: 1 year ]Number of subjects lost to follow-up and who did not engage after program enrollment
- Linkage to primary care provider [ Time Frame: 1 year ]Number of patients without a primary care provider who were successfully linked to primary care (at least two visits)
|Study Start Date:||August 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Other: Provision of extra (care coordination and management) services
In pilot research, we found that high users at Bellevue Hospital Center had varied indications for admission to the hospital, but also shared many risk factors that have been traditionally difficult for the health care system to address, including homelessness, social isolation, substance use, depression and anxiety, and fragmented primary care. Coordination of the multiple service types required to improve care for such patients across hospitals, clinics, and community-based organizations is hindered by financial disincentives, restrictive funding streams, and poor communication among service providers Intervention model and team: The pilot intervention will begin at the patient's bedside in the hospital and continue after his/her discharge into the community, utilizing a flexible and intensive care management model with a multi-disciplinary team approach. Community Based Care Managers (CBCMs) overseen by a social worker, will connect patients to needed community services including housing for homeless patients, accompany patients to appointments and facilitate transportation to medical, benefits enrollment, and perform other services based in the hospital and community.
So that the intervention can address the multitude of complex medical and social needs of high risk patients, in addition to our community partners that address the needs of homeless patients, we will partner with additional community providers of mental health, substance use, and home medical services who will assist our intervention team staff in managing patients' care after hospital discharge. In addition, we will build upon existing specialized health and social services within Bellevue Hospital (e.g. provision of prompt outpatient clinic appointments) so that this population is better and more effectively served.
1) evaluate the patient and provider experience with various potential components of a pilot intervention plan for high risk, high cost patients, (identified using a predictive case-finding algorithm) conducted in partnership with community providers of homeless, mental health, substance use, and other key services, and 2) evaluate the feasibility of several aspects of the intervention. By piloting and evaluating components of the intervention, we aim to assure the intervention functions as planned, and can deliver the needed services to high risk patients.
Ability of intervention team to:
- Function effectively (e.g. communicate and coordinate with one another and with other departments in the hospital)
- Match patients to appropriate services
- Obtain supportive housing for homeless patients with Common Ground partner
- Maintain contact with patients after initial hospital discharge
- Facilitate patient adherence to outpatient appointments
- Link patients with no usual source of care to PMD
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01292096
|United States, New York|
|Bellevue Hospital Center Department of Emergency Medicine, A345|
|New York, New York, United States, 10016|