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Intravenous Ferric Carboxymaltose vs IV Iron Sucrose or IV Iron Dextran in Treating Iron Deficiency Anemia in Women

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01290315
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 7, 2011
Results First Posted : February 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 8, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Luitpold Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to compare safety and the oxidative stress potential of two doses of an investigational IV iron, ferric carboxymaltose (FCM), compared to an equal single dose of IV iron sucrose or IV iron dextran in the treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) in female subjects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Iron Deficiency Anemia Drug: Ferric Carboxymaltose (FCM) Drug: Iron Sucrose / Iron Dextran Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This was a Phase 2a, open-label, multicenter, randomized study that compared the safety and oxidative stress potential of FCM vs. IV iron sucrose or IV iron dextran in female subjects with IDA. Subjects with a diagnosis of IDA who required iron supplementation met all inclusion and no exclusion criteria, and had given informed consent were randomized. The duration of the study for each subject was a maximum of 6 weeks.

Eligible subjects were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to FCM (Group A) or IV iron sucrose or IV iron dextran (Group B).

Group A subjects received a single undiluted dose of iron as FCM by a slow IV injection on Day 0. Cohort I received 500 mg and Cohort II received 750 mg. Group B subjects received a single dose of iron as IV iron sucrose or as IC iron dextran on Day 0. Cohort I receive 500 mg iron sucrose and Cohort II received 750 mg iron dextran. Iron dextran administration was preceded by a 25 mg test dose 1 hour prior to infusion.

All subjects had laboratory assessments at Baseline, 2 hours post-infusion, 24 hours post-infusion, Day 7 (drawn at the same time of day [within 4 hours] as the 24-hour visit), and Day 30 (drawn at the same time of day [within 4 hours] as the the 24-hour visit). On Days 7 and 30, the safety evalutation for all subjects included treatment-emergent adverse event reporting, concomitant medication review, physical examination including vital signs, and laboratory assessments. Any subject who withdrew from the study received a follow-up phone call 30 days after they received study drug.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 49 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Controlled Study to Investigate the Safety and Oxidative Stress Potential of Intravenous Ferric Carboxymaltose (FCM) vs. IV Iron Sucrose or IV Iron Dextran in Treating Iron Deficiency Anemia in Women
Actual Study Start Date : August 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anemia Iron

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ferric Carboxymaltose (FCM)
Intravenous iron
Drug: Ferric Carboxymaltose (FCM)
One 500 mg dose at 100 mg/minute (Cohort I) or 750 mg dose at 100 mg/minute (Cohort II)
Other Name: Injectafer

Active Comparator: Iron Sucrose / Iron Dextran
Intravenous iron
Drug: Iron Sucrose / Iron Dextran
One 500 mg dose of IV iron sucrose administered over 4 hours (Cohort I), or a 750 mg dose of IV iron dextran administered as a 25 mg test dose over 5 minutes followed by a 725 mg dose over 3 hours if no adverse reaction to test dose is observed after 60 minutes (Cohort II)
Other Name: Venofer, Dexferrum




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes From Baseline in Markers of Oxidative Stress (Carbonyl and 8-isoprostane) [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Day 30 ]
  2. Changes From Baseline in Markers of Oxidative Stress (Carbonyl and 8-isoprostane) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 2 hours post end IV infusion ]
  3. Changes From Baseline in Markers of Oxidative Stress (Carbonyl and 8-isoprostane) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 24 hours post end IV infusion ]
  4. Changes From Baseline in Markers of Oxidative Stress (Carbonyl and 8-isoprostane) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to Day 7 post end IV infusion ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female subjects 18-50 years of age and able to give informed consent.
  • If post-partum, at least 10 days post delivery at Day 0.
  • Screening Visit local laboratory Hgb < or = to 10 g/dL or < or = to 12 g/dL with symptoms (dizziness and/or fatigue).
  • Screening Visit ferritin < or = to 100 ng/mL or < or = to 300 when TSAT is < or = to 30%.
  • Documented unsatisfactory response or intolerance to oral iron.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous participation in a ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) clinical trial.
  • Known hypersensitivity reaction to any component of ferric carboxymaltose, Venofer, or Dexferrum.
  • History of drug allergy or any history of rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune diseases.
  • Current anemia not attributed to iron deficiency.
  • During the 10 day period prior to screening has been treated with antibiotics.
  • During the 30 day period prior to screening or during the study period has or will be treated with erythropoiesis stimulating agents.
  • Active malignancy within 5 years. Basal or squamous cell skin cancer is not exclusionary.
  • During the 30 day period prior to screening or during the study period has or will require a surgical procedure that necessitates general anesthesia.
  • Current (acute or chronic) infection other than viral upper respiratory tract infection.
  • AST or ALT at screening greater than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal.
  • Known positive hepatitis B with evidence of active hepatitis.
  • Known positive HIV-1/HIV-2 antibodies (anti-HIV).
  • Patient has an active diagnosis of asthma and is currently using an anti- asthmatic therapy.
  • Received an investigational drug within 30 days of screening.
  • Alcohol or drug abuse within the past 6 months.
  • Hemochromatosis or other iron storage disorders.
  • Systolic blood pressure > or = to 180 or < 80 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > or = to 100 or < 40 mmHg at screening or Day 0.
  • Chronic kidney disease.
  • Chronic inflammatory condition including but not limited to Lupus and Rheumatoid Arthritis.
  • Pre-term delivery < 32 weeks.
  • Emergent C-section delivery.
  • Significant cardiovascular disease, including but not limited to myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to study inclusion or current history of NYHA Class III or IV congestive heart failure.
  • Any other laboratory abnormality, medical condition or psychiatric disorder which in the opinion of the investigator puts the subject's disease management at risk or may result in the subject being unable to comply with study requirements.
  • Night shift workers.
  • Breastfeeding planned on or after Day 0.
  • Pregnant or sexually-active female subjects who are of childbearing potential and who don't use an acceptable form of contraception.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01290315


Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Luitpold Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Norristown, Pennsylvania, United States, 19403
Sponsors and Collaborators
Luitpold Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Director: Linda M Mundy, MD, PhD Luitpold Pharmaceuticals

Responsible Party: Luitpold Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01290315     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1VIT08022
First Posted: February 7, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 8, 2018
Last Update Posted: February 8, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency
Deficiency Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Anemia, Hypochromic
Iron Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Malnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Iron
Ferric oxide, saccharated
Ferric Compounds
Iron-Dextran Complex
Dextrans
Trace Elements
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Hematinics
Anticoagulants
Plasma Substitutes
Blood Substitutes