Use of Individual Pharmacokinetically (PK)-Guided Sunitinib Dosing: A Feasibility Study in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
The purpose of this prospective study is to determine the safety and feasibility of pharmacokinetically (PK) guided dosing of sunitinib in 30 patients.
At day 15 ± 1day, day 29 ± 1day and after 8 weeks ± 1day of sunitinib treatment sunitinib and SU12662 trough levels will be measured. Depending on the sunitinib and SU12662 trough levels (and toxicity) dose adjustments will be made.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Use of Individual PK-guided Sunitinib Dosing: A Feasibility Study in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors|
- Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability [ Time Frame: During treatment with sunitinib Adverse Events will be recorded up to 30 days after treatment. Patient will remain on treatment untill the disease progression, 1 year in average ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]To determine the safety and feasibility of PK guided dosing of sunitinib, weekly physical examination, blood hematology and blood chemistry parameters in the first 2 cycles, and monthly thereafter, will guide the safety of the treatment.
- objective response rate [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after initiation and thereafter every 12 weeks until disease progression, 1 year in average ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To determine the objective response rate, CT-scan and/or MRI-scans will be performed 8 weeks after initiation of therapy and thereafter every 12 weeks until documented disease progression according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1.
- time to tumor progression [ Time Frame: Until the disease progression, 1 year in average ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To determine the time from start of study treatment to first documentation of objective tumor progression defined by 1.1 RECIST criteria performing CT/MRI scans 8 weeks after initiation of therapy and thereafter every 12 weeks
- validating the associations between genetic markers [ Time Frame: C1 D15 and C1 D29 and after 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
To start with the validation of previously identified associations between genetic markers in the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic pathways of sunitinib and the development of toxicities. At day 15 ± 1day, day 29 ± 1day and after 8 weeks ± 1day - PK: Fingerprick for dried blood spot analysis of total trough levels of sunitinib and SU12662.
Once during cycle 1: EDTA blood samples for pharmacogenetic analyses
- tumor biopsy and peripheral blood sample for DNA sequencing [ Time Frame: Day -7 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Seven days prior to study medication treatment the tumor boipsy and blood draw will be performed to support the validation of DNA sequencing of tissue derived from a tumor biopsy and to obtain the DNA profile of the patient's tumor in order to (i) identify correlations between the genetic profile of the tumor and toxicity and efficacy parameters of sunitinib , and (ii) identify patients who could have advantage of specific follow-up treatment strategies.
- Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Untill disease progression, 1 year in average ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Measuring the time between the study start and the RECIST defined disease progression on CT/MRI scans performed 8 weeks after initiation of therapy and thereafter every 12 weeks
|Study Start Date:||March 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Sunitinib is administered in oral capsules of 12.5 mg. Patients will start with a continuous once-daily dose of 37.5 mg.
Patients will start treatment with a continuous once-daily dose of 37.5 mg sunitinib. After 22 days the first dose modification will be performed based on the total trough levels (TTL) combined for sunitinib plus SU12662 as measured by dried blood spot (DBS) analyses taken at day 15 ± 1day. A second dose modification will be performed after 36 days (7 days after the first dose adjustment) based on the TTL taken at day 29 ± 1day. One treatment cycle is defined as 28 days.
After 8 weeks a third analyses for TTL will be performed without further consequences for sunitinib dosing. Patients will be evaluated by CT- or MRI-scans for the response to therapy at week 8, and thereafter every 12 weeks. One blood sample will be harvested for pharmacogenetic analyses.
Sunitinib is an orally available inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFR), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), cytokine receptor (c-KIT), and receptor tyrosine kinase (FLT-3) activity. Sunitinib is proven effective as single agent in several solid tumor types and is approved for use in advanced renal cell cancer (RCC) and imatinib-resistant or -intolerant gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). However, in a large percentage of patients (30 and 50%), dose reductions are required because of multiple grade 2 toxicities or due to grade 3 or 4 toxicities. Therefore, the currently used dosing schedule is not optimal.
Recently, a dose-efficacy relation was established for sunitinib treatment. This large meta-analysis of pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic data from studies performed in mRCC patients, GIST patients and patients with solid tumors, clearly showed a relationship between sunitinib exposure and efficacy and tolerability. Both time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) were significantly better for mRCC patients with high area under the curve (AUC) compared to low AUC. This was not only observed for sunitinib exposure but also for its active metabolite SU12662. In addition, there was a significant relationship between exposure and probability of partial response (PR) or complete response (CR) in mRCC patients (p=0.00001), indicating that a dose intensity in patients should be as high as possible. Target plasma concentrations of sunitinib plus metabolite (N-desethyl sunitinib) are in the range of 50 to 100 ng/mL, as deduced from pharmacokinetic (PK) / pharmacodynamic (PD) preclinical data. Since the dose-efficacy relation for sunitinib treatment is solely established in a retrospective (meta-) analysis from patients treated in several studies, we propose to perform a prospective feasibility study in 30 patients with PK guided dosing of sunitinib. If PK guided once-daily continuous sunitinib dosing is feasible, a RCT in mRCC patients will be performed comparing PK guided dosing with a standard sunitinib dosing schedule.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01286896
|The Netherlands Cancer Institute - Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1066CX|
|Principal Investigator:||Neeltje Steeghs, Md, PhD||The Netherlands Cancer Institute|