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Dietary Fish and Omega 3 Fatty Acids for Breast Cancer Prevention

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lisa Yee, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: January 21, 2011
Last updated: October 24, 2015
Last verified: October 2015

Research studies show that the type of fat in the diet may affect breast cancer risk. Fish oil and fish contain increased amounts of omega 3 fatty acids which appear to stop or slow down the growth and development of breast cancer cells in laboratory studies of mice and breast cancer cells. The use of omega 3 fatty acids to reduce the risk of breast cancer development in humans has not been adequately studied. Eating fish or taking fish oil may increase the amount of omega 3 in the breast, which may lower one's risk of breast cancer development.

Persons in this study with do one of the following: (1) take two capsules daily of omega 3 fatty acid supplements, or (2) eat several servings of canned salmon / tuna per week for a total of three months. Amounts of omega 3 fatty acids in the body's tissues will be measured by blood tests and a small sample of breast fat as obtained by a fine needle aspiration.

This study is supported by funding from the National Fisheries Institute, Food Innovation Center of The Ohio State University, and The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Dietary Supplement: Lovaza-Omega 3 fatty acid capsules
Other: Dietary fish (canned salmon, albacore)
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Omega 3 Fatty Acids and Breast Cancer Prevention: Protective Benefits of Increased Fish Consumption

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Fatty acid profiles of breast adipose tissue [ Time Frame: 0 and 3 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Fatty acid profiles of serum, red blood cell membranes [ Time Frame: 0 and 3 months ]

Enrollment: 25
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: August 2014
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Dietary fish (canned salmon, albacore)
Fish products: Canned albacore and salmon will be provided at no cost to the patient. Supplies of tuna and salmon will be provided in quantities sufficient for one month of daily intake by the subject. If desired, a subject can request a sufficient amount to allow for preparation of a meal for the family or household at no more than two times per week. Labels or portions of labels from the cans will be collected at the monthly study visits, and canned supplies will be replenished monthly or at more frequent intervals if needed. Subjects will be allowed to keep unused cans.
Other: Dietary fish (canned salmon, albacore)
Participants randomized to dietary fish will be asked to incorporate fish in the form of canned albacore and salmon into their diets at four 6 oz servings per week for 3 months. Participants on the dietary fish arm of the study will receive recipes using canned salmon and/or albacore. Sufficient canned salmon/albacore will be available for subjects who wish to prepare a meal for the family/household. Dietary intake will be assessed via 3 day diet records (0 and 3 months) and food frequency questionnaires (0 and 3 months). Verbal and written instructions on how to keep diet records, with food measured or weighed, will be given.
Other Name: canned fish
Experimental: Lovaza-Omega 3 fatty acid capsules
Lovaza capsules will be provided at no cost to the patient. Pill bottles will be provided to the patient, with the start date and number of pills recorded. The supplement will be provided in sufficient supply for one month at a time. Pill bottles will be collected at monthly follow-up visits, and any unused capsules will be documented and discarded as biohazardous waste.
Dietary Supplement: Lovaza-Omega 3 fatty acid capsules
The study will require monthly visits at 0, 1, 2 and 3 months of study intervention. At each visit a fasting serum sample will be obtained, self-report diaries (adverse events, record of omega 3 supplement doses or fish servings taken/missed) will be collected, and pill count / labels from cans of fish will be recorded. Medications and supplements will be reviewed with participants at each monthly visit. At clinic visits at 0 and 3 months, a history and physical examination and breast adipose fine needle aspiration (FNA)will be performed.Omega 3 supplements will be dispensed in monthly amounts.

Detailed Description:

The primary objectives of this study are to:

i.) Determine the effects of increased fish consumption on serum and breast fat tissue fatty acids in women at high risk for developing breast cancer relative to an omega 3 fatty acid supplement;

ii.) Assess adherence and tolerability of increased dietary intake of fish relative to an omega 3 fatty acid supplement.

Secondary objectives include:

iii.) Evaluate possible correlations between physical factors such as body mass index (BMI) and dietary factors and target tissue effects.

iv.) Explore additional biomarkers as surrogate endpoints to measure effects of fish consumption.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Increased risk for breast cancer based on family history, personal history
  • Normal mammogram, clinical breast examination in the past 12 months
  • >1 year from pregnancy, lactation or chemotherapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Concurrent malignancy or metastatic malignancy of any kind
  • History of a bleeding tendency, use of anticoagulant medications
  • Inability to undergo fine needle aspiration of breast adipose tissue
  • Chronic use of omega-3 fatty acid supplements or regular consumption of > 2 meals/servings of fish per week within the 3 months prior to entry on the study or any other supplements that might interact with omega-3 fatty acid supplements
  • Known sensitivity or allergy to fish
  • Standing regimen of full dose aspirin (325 mg/day or more), Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or NSAID-containing products.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01282580

United States, Ohio
The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Lisa D Yee, MD Ohio State University
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Lisa Yee, Principal Investigator, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT01282580     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: OSU-10024
NCI-2012-02933 ( Registry Identifier: Clinical Trials Reporting Program )
Study First Received: January 21, 2011
Last Updated: October 24, 2015

Keywords provided by Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center:
Women at high risk of developing breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases processed this record on May 22, 2017