Study on Mechanical and Electrical Alternans
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The Connection Between Mechanical Alternans Measured by Pressure-Volume (PV) Loop Catheter in Patients With Ischemic Heart Failure and the Occurrence of Microvolt T Wave Alternans (MTWA)|
- Presence or absence of mechanical alternans and MTWA [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- Differences in reduced or more preserved LVEF and the occurrence of the two phenomena [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- The occurrence of ventricular tachyarrhythmic events. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- Influence of LV compliance on arrhythmogenesis of the infarction border zone. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
In patients with severe heart failure and aortic valve disease mechanical alternans or pulsus alternans (a condition in which there is a beat-to-beat oscillation in the strength of cardiac muscle at a constant heart rate) is observed.
The mechanisms linking mechanical to electrophysiological dysfunction in heart failure are still under investigation, but impaired calcium cycling is the most striking abnormality of failing myocytes, and is most responsible for contractile dysfunction. Yet it remains unclear how this influences susceptibility to arrhythmias.
The MTWA is suggested as a risk marker to identify high risk patients for potential VTEs but the underlying mechanism is not completely understood. The aim of this study is to investigate this in a clinical setting by measuring LV parameters using a PV loop conductance catheter and generate TWA recording simultaneously to demonstrate a possible correlation between these two phenomena in patients with ischemic heart failure and find out if MTWA could turn into a more valuable risk factor.
Our hypothesis is that alternating changes in LV filling explains the electrocardiogenesis of TWA by changing the position of the heart relative to the body surface electrodes in an alternating way.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01281241
|Academic Medical Center|
|Principal Investigator:||Arthur AM Wilde, MD, PhD||Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)|