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Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease Safety and Efficacy

This study has been terminated.
(Study was suspended in agreement between sponsor and FDA due to concerns about the study design after a fatality had occurred in the presence of hypocalcemia.)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01277510
First Posted: January 17, 2011
Last Update Posted: July 10, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amgen
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of adding cinacalcet to the current treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in children currently receiving dialysis compared to a treatment regimen that does not include cinacalcet.

Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Kidney Disease Hyperparathyroidism Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary Kidney Disease Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Drug: cinacalcet capsule Drug: placebo Drug: Standard of Care Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Cinacalcet HCl in Pediatric Subjects With Chronic Kidney Disease and Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Receiving Dialysis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Amgen:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving ≥ 30% Reduction in Mean iPTH From Baseline to the Efficacy Assessment Phase [ Time Frame: From Baseline to the Efficacy Assessment Phase, Weeks 25-30 ]
    The efficacy assessment value is based on the scheduled assessment(s) taken during the efficacy assessment phase (EAP; Weeks 25 - 30). When multiple assessments were available, the average of those was used. If an efficacy measurement during the EAP was missing, the mean of the last 2 available post-baseline values in the dose-titration phase was used. If only one post-baseline value was available, this single value was used.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving Mean iPTH ≤ 300 pg/mL (31.8 Pmol/L) During the Efficacy Assessment Phase [ Time Frame: From Baseline to the Efficacy Assessment Phase (EAP), Weeks 25-30 ]
    The efficacy assessment value is based on the scheduled assessment(s) taken during the efficacy assessment phase. When multiple assessments were available, the average of those was used. If an efficacy measurement during the EAP was missing, the mean of the last 2 available postbaseline values in the dose-titration phase was used. If only one post-baseline value was available, this single value was used.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Mean Corrected Total Serum Calcium During the Efficacy Assessment Period [ Time Frame: From Baseline to the Efficacy Assessment Phase, Weeks 25-30. ]
    Serum calcium was reported as a corrected value by the central laboratory based on calcium and albumin concentrations: Corrected total calcium (mg/dL) = measured total serum calcium (mg/dL) + 0.8 (4.0 - Serum albumin (g/dL)). The efficacy assessment value is based on the scheduled assessment(s) taken during the efficacy assessment phase. When multiple assessments were available, the average of those was used. If an efficacy measurement during the EAP was missing, the mean of the last 2 available postbaseline values in the dose-titration phase was used. If only one post-baseline value was available, this single value was used."

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Mean Serum Phosphorus During the Efficacy Assessment Phase [ Time Frame: From Baseline to the Efficacy Assessment Phase, Weeks 25-30. ]
    The efficacy assessment value is based on the scheduled assessment(s) taken during the efficacy assessment phase. When multiple assessments were available, the average of those was used. If an efficacy measurement during the EAP was missing, the mean of the last 2 available postbaseline values in the dose-titration phase was used. If only one post-baseline value was available, this single value was used.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Mean Phosphorous Product (Ca x P) During the Efficacy Assessment Phase [ Time Frame: From Baseline to end of Efficacy Assessment Period, assessed up to 30 weeks ]
    The efficacy assessment value is based on the scheduled assessment(s) taken during the efficacy assessment phase. When multiple assessments were available, the average of those was used. If an efficacy measurement during the EAP was missing, the mean of the last 2 available postbaseline values in the dose-titration phase was used. If only one post-baseline value was available, this single value was used.

  • Growth Velocity From Baseline to End of Double-blind Phase [ Time Frame: From Baseline to end of Efficacy Assessment at Week 30 ]
    Linear growth velocity (cm/year) = 52 x change in height (cm) / number of weeks between the two assessments. End of double-blind phase visit was at Week 30 by design but the last assessment in the double-blind phase was used due to the early termination of the study.

  • Growth Velocity From End of Double-blind Phase to End of Open-label Phase [ Time Frame: End of double-blind phase (Week 30) until end of the open-label phase (Week 60) ]
    Linear growth velocity (cm/year) = 52 x change in height (cm) / number of weeks between the two assessments. End of open-label phase visit was at Week 60 by design but the last assessment in the open-label phase was used due to the early termination of the study.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Mean Ionized Calcium During the Efficacy Assessment Phase [ Time Frame: From Baseline to the Efficacy Assessment Phase, Weeks 25-30. ]
    The efficacy assessment value is based on the scheduled assessment(s) taken during the efficacy assessment phase. When multiple assessments were available, the average of those was used. If an efficacy measurement during the EAP was missing, the mean of the last 2 available postbaseline values in the dose-titration phase was used. If only one post-baseline value was available, this single value was used.


Enrollment: 43
Study Start Date: June 2011
Study Completion Date: April 2014
Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants received standard of care and placebo once daily for 30 weeks during the double-blind phase. During the open-label phase, participants received cinacalcet with standard of care for an additional 30 weeks. The starting dose of cinacalcet was ≤ 0.20 mg/kg based on dry weight, and could be titrated up according to plasma iPTH and serum calcium levels every 4 weeks up to Week 54 to a maximum dose of 4.2 mg/kg.
Drug: placebo
Placebo tablets and capsules for sprinkling identical to active treatment.
Drug: Standard of Care
All participants, regardless of treatment assignment, will receive standard of care with vitamin D sterols (calcitriol and its analogs), as prescribed by the treating physician.
Experimental: Cinacalcet
Participants received standard of care and cinacalcet once daily for 30 weeks during the double-blind phase. The starting dose of cinacalcet was ≤ 0.20 mg/kg based on dry weight, and could be titrated up according to plasma iPTH and serum calcium levels every 4 weeks until Week 24 to a maximum dose of 4.2 mg/kg. During the open-label phase participants continued to receive cinacalcet with standard of care for an additional 30 weeks.
Drug: cinacalcet capsule
Cinacalcet was prepared for oral administration as both capsules for sprinkling and film coated tablets for swallowing.
Other Name: Sensipar, Mimpara
Drug: Standard of Care
All participants, regardless of treatment assignment, will receive standard of care with vitamin D sterols (calcitriol and its analogs), as prescribed by the treating physician.

Detailed Description:
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a condition that can develop early in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), usually gets worse over time, and is known to cause problems for patients on dialysis. Children on dialysis can have a wide range of bone and growth issues, and common treatments have a chance of making these things worse by increasing serum calcium and serum phosphorus. Cinacalcet has been shown to be effective in controlling parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium and phosphorus in adults. The purpose of this study is to show that including cinacalcet in the treatment of SHPT will lower the levels of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) in a larger number of pediatric patients with CKD who are receiving dialysis, compared to a treatment regimen that does not include cinacalcet.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 6 to less than 18 years at screening
  • Diagnosed with CKD and SHPT receiving hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis for ≥ 2 months before randomization
  • Dry weight ≥ 12.5 kg at screening
  • iPTH obtained from the central laboratory must be > 300 pg/mL (31.8 pmol/L)
  • Serum calcium (corrected) obtained from the central laboratory must be ≥ 8.8 mg/dL (2.2 mmol/L)
  • Serum phosphorus obtained from the central laboratory ≥ 4.0 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L) for children 6 to less than 12 years old, or ≥ 3.5 mg/dL (1.1 mmol/L) for children 12 to less than 18 years old
  • Subjects already receiving vitamin D sterols (either calcitriol or a synthetic analog), a stable dose within the last 2 months prior to randomization
  • Subjects taking growth hormone, a stable dose defined as no change > than 20% in the last 2 months prior to randomization
  • Subjects on anti-convulsant medication must be on a stable dose for 3 months, and have a therapeutic blood level of the anti-convulsant at the time of randomization
  • Subjects must be on a dialysate calcium concentration of ≥ 2.5 mEq/L (1.25 mmol/L) for at least 2 months prior to randomization

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Underwent parathyroidectomy in the last 6 months
  • Anticipated parathyroidectomy within 6 months after randomization
  • Received therapy with cinacalcet (sensipar/mimpara) within the last month
  • A new onset of seizure or worsening of a pre-existing seizure disorder within the last 3 months
  • Scheduled date for kidney transplant from a known living donor that makes completion of the study unlikely
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01277510


  Show 51 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Amgen
Investigators
Study Director: MD Amgen
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01277510     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20070208
First Submitted: January 13, 2011
First Posted: January 17, 2011
Results First Submitted: April 29, 2015
Results First Posted: May 15, 2015
Last Update Posted: July 10, 2015
Last Verified: May 2015

Keywords provided by Amgen:
dialysis
sensipar
mimpara
hemodialysis
peritoneal dialysis
renal
parathyroid hormone
pediatric

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Diseases
Neoplasm Metastasis
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Hyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary
Urologic Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Neoplasms
Pathologic Processes
Renal Insufficiency
Parathyroid Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Cinacalcet Hydrochloride
Calcimimetic Agents
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs