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Study of the Use of Low Level Laser Therapy to Reduce Acne

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01276535
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 13, 2011
Results First Posted : December 11, 2015
Last Update Posted : December 11, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Erchonia Corporation

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether low level laser light therapy is effective in the treatment of acne blemishes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acne Device: Erchonia MLS + Erchonia THL Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Acne is a chronic inflammatory disorder plaguing the sebaceous follicle, and debate still remains over what truly initiates lesion formation. Experts agree that an increase in androgen production plays a significant role in the onset of acne. Androgens promote the increase in size of sebaceous glands and stimulate sebum production. The simple act of sebaceous gland stimulation via androgens could ultimately promote the upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines like tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL-1α) without propionibacteria even being present. The synthesis of IL-α and other pro-inflammatory cytokines including prostaglandins occurs via the inducible enzyme known as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Studies analyzing the pathogenesis of mucositis have identified COX-2 as an important contributor to the upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and thus a major contributor to the progression of the disorder itself.

Recent evidence indicates that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is able to significantly diminish the expression of COX-2, resulting in the reduction of inflammation. The ability to modulate the COX-2 pathways via LLLT is believed to inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines (i.e. TNF-α and IL- α) present in acne-prone skin.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Low-level Laser Therapy in Reducing Blemishes by Quantifying a Decrease in Signs of Blemishes, Both Non-inflammatory and Inflammatory
Study Start Date : March 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Acne

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Erchonia MLS + Erchonia THL

The Erchonia® MLS contains 5 independent diodes: 4 each emitting 17 milliwatt (mW) 635 nanometers (nm) of red laser light and the fifth diode emitting 17 mW, 405 nm of blue laser light.

The Erchonia THL is a single diode pulsed laser that emits 4.9 milliwatts (mW) of red 635 nanometer (nm) light.

Device: Erchonia MLS + Erchonia THL

The Erchonia® MLS is administered weekly for 6 continuous weeks at the test site by the study investigator.

The Erchonia THL is administered twice daily for 6 continuous weeks (42 days) at home by the subject.

Administration of the MLS and the THL occur simultaneously over the 6-week administration phase.

The intent is to evaluate the effectiveness of Erchonia MLS & Erchonia THL when administered together, and not to compare Erchonia MLS vs. Erchonia THL

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Grade on the Burton et al. Acne Severity Grade Scale [ Time Frame: baseline and 6 weeks ]
    The Burton et al. Acne Severity Grade Scale grades the type of acne lesion from Grade 0: no acne lesions through Grade 1: sub-clinical acne, Grade 2: mild acne, Grade 3: moderate acne; Grade 4: severe acne, to Grade 5: extremely severe acne. The number of participants whose entire face demonstrated an improvement of one or more grades on the Burton et al. Acne Severity Scale at week 6 relative to baseline was calculated.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Inflammatory Lesion Count at 6 Weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks ]
    The number of pustules, papules and nodules are summed to attain a total inflammatory lesion count.

  2. Change From Baseline in Non-Inflammatory Lesion Count at 6 Weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks ]
    The number of open comedones and closed comedones are summed to attain the total non-inflammatory lesion count.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • signed informed consent form.
  • male or female.
  • 18 to 40 years.
  • area sought for acne reduction is the face.
  • diagnosis of moderate or severe acne vulgaris, defined as grade 3-5 according to the grading criteria of acne severity given by Burton et al.
  • Acne has been ongoing for at least 3 months prior to screening and must include inflammatory lesions.
  • female using hormonal birth control must have been on a stable dose for at least 3 months prior to screening.
  • negative pregnancy test for female subjects, unless the female subject has been surgically sterilized.
  • sexually active female subject who is not surgically sterile or 2 years post menopausal must agree to use approved contraception/birth control measure while on study
  • PI (A normal healthy patient) or P2 (A patient with mild systemic disease) on the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification System.
  • subject agrees to abstain from use of non-study treatments for acne while enrolled in the study.
  • subject agrees to abstain from use of tanning beds/sunbathing while partaking in the study.
  • subject agrees, and be able, to maintain regular medication schedule, as is medically feasible, during study participation.
  • subject agrees to not change skin care regimen throughout study participation.
  • subject is willing and able to comply with all requirements of the study protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • use of topical acne treatment within 15 days prior to start of study.
  • use of oral acne treatment within 30 days prior to the start of study.
  • use of oral isotretinoin or other systemic retinoids in the 12 months preceding the start of the study.
  • use of systemic steroids within 30 days prior to the start of the study.
  • pregnancy or currently nursing, or planning pregnancy during the course of the study
  • participation in any clinical study involving an investigational product within 30 days of the start of the study
  • use of tanning beds or sunbathing in the 30 days prior to the start of the study.
  • history of keloids or other photosensitive disorders or use of any photosensitizing medication.
  • currently taking any medication that may alleviate or exacerbate acne.
  • Porphyria or known allergies to porphyrins.
  • current signs or symptoms of severe, progressive, or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematologic, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, cardiac, neurologic, or cerebral disease.
  • known malignancy or history of malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer
  • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B or hepatitis C
  • signs of bacterial, fungal or viral skin lesions that may interfere with assessment of acne vulgaris.
  • known inherited or acquired coagulation defects.
  • substance abuse (drug or alcohol) problem within the previous 3 years.
  • developmental disability or cognitive impairment that may preclude study compliance.
  • unlikely to comply with the study protocol and procedure administration protocol, or is considered unsuitable for participation in the study for any other reason in the opinion of the investigator.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01276535

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United States, Texas
Westlake Dermatology
Austin, Texas, United States, 78746
Sponsors and Collaborators
Erchonia Corporation
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Principal Investigator: Gregory A Nikolaidis, MD
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Responsible Party: Erchonia Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01276535    
Other Study ID Numbers: ECACNEP1
First Posted: January 13, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 11, 2015
Last Update Posted: December 11, 2015
Last Verified: November 2015