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The Intensive Pharmacokinetics Sub-study of Encore1 (ENCORE1-PK)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01271894
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 7, 2011
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
Safety and efficacy are key issues in antiretroviral therapy (ART) selection. Efavirenz (EFV) is an important component of combination ART in treatment naive individuals. Like many drugs, there are inter-individual differences in the efficacy and tolerability of EFV. The Encore1 study provides an opportunity to examine the pharmacokinetics (PK)(processes by which a drug is absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and eliminated by the body) of EFV in blood samples collected over a 24-hour dosing interval in participants receiving either standard 600 mg or reduced 400 mg dose EFV once daily.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infection Drug: Efavirenz Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This sub-study will investigate the relationships between dosage, EFV plasma concentrations, toxicity and virological efficacy. EFV concentrations in dried blood spots and matched plasma and will be evaluated to determine the utility of dried blood spot measurements in measuring EFV plasma concentrations. Measurements dried blood spots could potentially be a cheap and easy alternative to measurements in plasma. Dried blood spots can be easily collected from venous blood or fingerprick, do not need plasma separation and potentially need less stringent storage conditions during shipment.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Screening
Official Title: The Intensive Pharmacokinetics Sub-study of Encore1: A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Clinical Trial to Compare the Safety and Efficacy of Reduced Dose Efavirenz (EFV) With Standard Dose EFV Plus Two Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (N(t)RTI) in Antiretroviral-naïve HIV-infected Individuals Over 96 Weeks
Study Start Date : September 2011
Primary Completion Date : May 2013
Study Completion Date : May 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS
Drug Information available for: Efavirenz
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Reduced dose Efavirenz arm
Participants randomized in main study to receive EFV (400 mg once daily; 2 x 200 mg + 1 x placebo once daily) plus tenofovir/emtricitabine (300/200 mg) fixed-dose combination once daily
Drug: Efavirenz
400 mg once daily; given as 2 x 200 mg + 1 x placebo
Active Comparator: Normal Efavirenz dose arm
Patients randomized in the main study to receive EFV (600 mg once daily; 3 x 200 mg once daily) plus tenofovir/emtricitabine (300/200 mg) fixed-dose combination once daily
Drug: Efavirenz
600 mg once daily; given as 3 x 200 mg once

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of EFV determined from blood collected over a 24-hour dosing interval in blinded samples from participants taking either 600 mg or 400 mg once daily in combination with Truvada. [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To compare the safety and tolerability of EFV 400 mg versus 600 mg given once daily. [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
  2. To investigate the correlation between EFV concentration measurements from dried blood spots and concentration measured in matched plasma samples. [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

All participants enrolled into the main Encore1 study at participating sub-study sites will be eligible to participate.

Participants must meet the following additional inclusion criteria prior to intensive pharmacokinetic assessment. Inclusion Criteria:

  • provide written sub-study consent at or before week 0
  • taken randomized study drugs for at least 4 weeks but less than 8 weeks
  • taken EFV in the evening for at least 7 days
  • taken all EFV doses over the 3 preceding days.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01271894

Hospital J.M. Ramos Mejia
Buenos Aires, Argentina
South Africa
Desmond Tutu HIV Foundation
Cape Town, South Africa
Thai Red Cross-AIDS Research Centre, HIV-NAT Research Collaboration
Bangkok, Thailand
United Kingdom
Chelsea and Westminister Hospital
London, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kirby Institute
Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust
Principal Investigator: Marta Boffito, Dr. Chelsea & Westminster Hospital
More Information

Responsible Party: Kirby Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01271894     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCHECR-ENCORE1-PK
First Posted: January 7, 2011    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2013
Last Verified: November 2012

Keywords provided by Kirby Institute:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6 Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inducers