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Lenalidomide & High Dose Dexamethasone for Untreated Multiple Myeloma Renal Failure Patients

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Health Network, Toronto Identifier:
First received: December 13, 2010
Last updated: May 1, 2017
Last verified: May 2017


• To validate the initial dosing recommendations for newly diagnosed MM (Mutiple Myeloma) patients with various degrees of renal failure using pharmacokinetic studies


  • To evaluate the safety of lenalidomide and dexamethasone as induction therapy in newly-diagnosed MM (Multiple Myeloma) patients with renal dysfunction using modified dosing guidelines
  • To evaluate clinical response of lenalidomide and dexamethasone after 4 cycles using the modified dosing guidelines
  • To evaluate the ability to collect stem cells after 4 cycles of lenalidomide and dexamethasone induction therapy in MM (Multiple Myeloma) patients with renal failure

Condition Intervention Phase
Renal Failure
Multiple Myeloma
Drug: Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label, Pharmacokinetic Study of Lenalidomide (Revlimid) and High-dose Dexamethasone Induction Therapy in Previously Untreated Multiple Myeloma Patients With Various Degrees of Renal Dysfunction - Validation of Official Dosing Guidelines for Renal Failure

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University Health Network, Toronto:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Serum Pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis of Study drug Lenalidomide [ Time Frame: 16 months ]
    PK data will be analyzed and reported after completion of PK studies in all patients

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluable for toxicity [ Time Frame: 5 months ]
    All patients will be evaluable for toxicity from the time of their first treatment with Lenalidomide and dexamethasone.

  • Evaluable for response [ Time Frame: 5 months ]
    All patients who have received at least 1 cycle of therapy and have their disease re-evaluated will be considered evaluable for response.

  • Overall and progression free survival rates which will be calculated by the method of Kaplan and Meier. [ Time Frame: 16 months ]

Estimated Enrollment: 32
Study Start Date: November 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone

Lenalidomide:Daily for 21 days of a 28 day cycle

Dexamethasone:Days 1-4, 9-12, 17-20 for the first cycle and then weekly dexamethasone from cycles 2-4.

Drug: Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone
Lenalidomide:Daily for 21 days of a 28 day cycle Dexamethasone:Days 1-4, 9-12, 17-20 for the first cycle and then weekly dexamethasone from cycles 2-4.
Other Names:
  • Revlimid for Lenalidomide
  • Decadron for Dexamethasone

Detailed Description:


This is a single institution open label, pharmacokinetic validation study of the combination of lenalidomide with dexamethasone for firstline induction therapy in transplant-eligible MM ( Multiple Myeloma ) patients with various degrees of renal failure. There will be 4 patient groups with various degrees of renal function (based on creatinine clearance calculated from a 24 hour urine collection and requirement for dialysis). Each group will receive lenalidomide dosing as per official recommended guidelines:

Group 1 Normal {CrCl(creatinine clearance)>60 mL/min}25 mg (full-dose)-Daily for 21 days of a 28 Day cycle1 Group 2 Moderate renal impairment {30 ≤ CrCl (creatinine clearance) <60 mL/min}10 mg Daily for 21 days of a 28 day cycle Group 3 Severe renal impairment {CrCl (creatinine clearance)<30 mL/min, not requiring dialysis}15 mg Every 48 hours for 21 days of a 28 day cycle (11 PLANNED DOSES EACH 28 DAY CYCLE) Group 4 End-stage renal failure {CrCl (creatinine clearance)<30 mL/min, requiring dialysis}5 mg Once daily for 21 days of a 28 day cycle On dialysis days the dose should be administered following dialysis.

Pharmacokinetic (PK) studies: We will be evaluating PK studies following single and multiple doses of lenalidomide during Cycle 1.Patients will receive their first dose of lenalidomide (Cycle 1, day 1) as per the above designated patient group. PK (pharmacokinetic)sampling for 1st dose only will be drawn at 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24 hours post-dose for group 1 and at 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48, 72 hours for all other groups. The 2nd dose of lenalidomide will be administered on Day 4 for all patients (i.e. no doses on Days 2 and 3). On Day 17 (after 14 doses of lenalidomide administered), repeat PK sampling will be performed at 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24 hours for groups 1, 2 and 4 (before next hemodialysis for those in group 4). Repeat PK sampling for group 3 will be performed at 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 hours.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must meet the following inclusion/exclusion criteria to be eligible for the study.

Inclusion criteria

Patients must fulfill all of the following criteria to be eligible for admission to the study:

  1. Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form
  2. Age≥18 years at the time of signing the informed consent form.
  3. Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  4. Previously untreated, symptomatic multiple myeloma as defined by ALL 3 criteria below:

    • Monoclonal plasma cells in the bone marrow ≥10% and/or presence of a biopsy-proven plasmacytoma
    • Monoclonal protein present in the serum and/or urine
    • Myeloma-related organ dysfunction (at least one of the following):

    C - Calcium elevation in blood (serum calcium >upper limit of normal) R - Renal insufficiency (serum creatinine >177umol/L) A - Anemia (hemoglobin <100g/L or 20g/L below normal) B - Lytic bone lesions or osteoporosis

  5. Eligible for autologous stem cell transplantation as per Princess Margaret Hospital criteria.
  6. Disease measurable by serum or urine M (monoclonal) protein, free light chain assay, bone marrow plasmacytosis or plasmacytoma.
  7. No prior myeloma therapy (Exception: up to 480 mg of dexamethasone is allowed within the past 28 days, as well as palliative, localized radiation therapy, without the requirement of a washout period prior enrollment).
  8. ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status of ≤ 2 at study entry.
  9. Laboratory test results within these ranges:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mm³
    • Platelet count ≥ 50,000/mm³ (untransfused)
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 22 umol/L
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST) also called serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and Alanine transaminase (ALT) also called serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) ≤ 2 x ULN (upper limit number) or ≤ 5 x ULN if hepatic metastases are present.
    • Renal function must be measured by 24hour urine for creatinine clearance (CrCl) - any level of CrCl is allowed for eligibility.
  10. Disease free of prior malignancies for ≥ 5 years with exception of currently treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "insitu" of the cervix or breast.
  11. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL ( milli-International Units per milliliter ) within 7 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP (Females of childbearing potential) must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy. All patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure.
  12. Able to take aspirin 81mg daily as prophylactic anticoagulation [patients intolerant to ASA (Acetyl Salicylic acid - Aspirin) may use low molecular weight heparin].

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who fulfill any of the following criteria are not eligible for admission to the study:

    1. Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form.
    2. Pregnant or breast-feeding females. (Lactating females must agree not to breast feed while taking lenalidomide).
    3. Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.
    4. Use of any other experimental drug or therapy, except for up to 480 mg of dexamethasone or palliative, localized radiation therapy, without the requirement of a washout period prior enrollment.
    5. Known hypersensitivity to thalidomide.
    6. The development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs.
    7. Any prior use of lenalidomide.
    8. Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments.
    9. Known positive for HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) or infectious hepatitis, type B or C.
    10. Evidence of AL (amyloid light chain) amyloidosis
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01270932

Canada, Ontario
University Health Network- Princess Margaret Hosptial
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G2M9
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto
  More Information

Responsible Party: University Health Network, Toronto Identifier: NCT01270932     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RV-MM-PI-0505
Study First Received: December 13, 2010
Last Updated: May 1, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Renal Insufficiency
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone 21-phosphate
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids processed this record on May 25, 2017