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Behavior and Driving Safety Study II

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01270217
First Posted: January 5, 2011
Last Update Posted: July 11, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
Sacramento Police Department
California Office of Traffic Safety
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, Davis
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine whether brief motivational interviews reduce problematic drinking behavior among individuals arrested for the first time for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI).

Condition Intervention
Alcoholic Intoxication Behavioral: Brief motivational interview

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Behavior and Driving Safety Study II

Further study details as provided by University of California, Davis:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test score [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to repeat arrest for driving under the influence of alcohol [ Time Frame: Up until one year after the conclusion of enrollment ]

Enrollment: 200
Actual Study Start Date: December 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2015
Primary Completion Date: December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Brief motivational interview Behavioral: Brief motivational interview
The brief motivational interview is a non-confrontational, patient-centered discussion between a counselor (e.g., social worker, nurse, physician, or psychologist) and an at-risk individual during which the individual's motivation and confidence to change health-related behaviors are explored.
No Intervention: No discussion

Detailed Description:
Despite extensive legislative, law enforcement, and public awareness efforts, driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) remains a major cause of mortality and loss of years of productive life. A brief motivational interview (BI) is a non-confrontational, patient-centered discussion during which the individual's motivation and confidence to change health-related behaviors are explored. Previous studies of BIs in health care settings suggest that BIs administered after hospitalization for alcohol-related injury reduce the likelihood of repeat injury hospitalization and arrest for DUI. This study will evaluate whether brief motivational interviews reduce problematic drinking behavior among individuals arrested for the first time for driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI).
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • First arrest for driving under the influence of alcohol
  • Arrest involved operation of a motor vehicle
  • At least 18 years of age
  • English-speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Arrest involved injury to another person
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01270217


Locations
United States, California
Sacramento County Main Jail
Sacramento, California, United States, 95814
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Davis
Sacramento Police Department
California Office of Traffic Safety
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Garth H Utter, MD MSc University of California, Davis
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of California, Davis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01270217     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201018332
First Submitted: January 3, 2011
First Posted: January 5, 2011
Last Update Posted: July 11, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017

Keywords provided by University of California, Davis:
Automobile driving
Driving under the influence
Interview, psychological
Brief intervention
Brief motivational interview

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcoholic Intoxication
Alcohol-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders