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A Randomized Trial of Valproate Versus Ketorolac Versus Metoclopramide for Acute Migraine

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified October 2012 by Montefiore Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Benjamin Friedman, Montefiore Medical Center Identifier:
First received: December 15, 2010
Last updated: October 27, 2012
Last verified: October 2012
This randomized study is testing 3 different intravenous medications to see which one is best for acute migraine. The three medications are metoclopramide, valproate, and ketorolac.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Migraine
Drug: Metoclorpamide
Drug: Ketorolac
Drug: Valproate
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: IV Valproate for Acute Migraine. A Randomized Comparison Versus IV Metoclopramide and IV Ketorolac

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Montefiore Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Headache level [ Time Frame: 60 minutes ]
    Verbal Numerical Rating scale for pain. Absolute change from baseline

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Sustained pain free [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    % achieving a pain free state within two hours and maintaining the pain free state for 24 hours

  • Satisfaction with medication [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    % who answer the following question affirmatively at 24 hours: Do you want to receive the same medication the next time you present to an ER with an acute migraine

  • Adverse event [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    % who report any adverse event after administration of investigational medcation

Estimated Enrollment: 330
Study Start Date: November 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Metoclopramide
Metoclopramide 10mg IVSS
Drug: Metoclorpamide
10mg IVSS
Active Comparator: Ketorolac
Ketorolac 30mg IV
Drug: Ketorolac
30g IVSS
Active Comparator: Valproate
1gm IV
Drug: Valproate
1gm IVSS

Detailed Description:
One million patients present to US emergency departments (ED) annually for treatment of acute migraine headache. A variety of parenteral medications are used to treat acute migraine, but none offer rapid and complete headache relief without side effects. Preliminary studies have suggested that intravenous valproate, an anti-epileptic medication with established efficacy as a migraine preventive, may be useful for the treatment of acute migraine. We propose a randomized, comparative efficacy trial in which intravenous valproate is compared to two standard parenteral therapies for acute migraine. There will not be a placebo control. Included subjects will be adults 64 years and younger who meet International Headache Society criteria for acute migraine, who do not have clinical evidence of secondary (organic) headache, and who do not have allergy or contra-indication to the investigational medications. The investigational medications are 1gm of valproate, 10mg of metoclopramide, and 30mg of ketorolac. Patients will be approached for participation and randomized at the time of presentation to the ED. Pain will be assessed on an 11 point (0 to 10) verbal pain scale, validated for use in acute pain trials. Medication will be infused as a slow intravenous drip. The primary outcome will be an improvement in headache intensity one hour after initiation of the intravenous drip. Secondary outcomes include assessments of pain, functional disability, adverse events, and satisfaction with the investigational medication one, two and 24 hours after initiation of the intravenous drip. The primary analysis will use a Student's t-test for independent samples and involve three pair-wise comparisons. Using an alpha of .017 (to account for the three pairwise comparisons), a standard beta, and a validated minimum clinically significant difference on the verbal pain scale, we calculated the need for 330 subjects. An interim analysis will be conducted to determine lack of efficacy of valproate.

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • IHS migraine without aura
  • IHS probable migraine (all migraine without arua criteria must be met except duration may be >72 hours or <4 hours)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Allergy or contra-indication to investigational medication
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01267864

United States, New York
Montefiore Medical Center Recruiting
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
Contact: Benjamin W Friedman, MD, MS    718-920-6626   
Principal Investigator: Benjamin W Friedman, MD, MS         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Montefiore Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Benjamin Friedman, Associate professor, Montefiore Medical Center Identifier: NCT01267864     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Migraine4
Study First Received: December 15, 2010
Last Updated: October 27, 2012

Keywords provided by Montefiore Medical Center:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Migraine Disorders
Headache Disorders, Primary
Headache Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Valproic Acid
Ketorolac Tromethamine
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Dopamine D2 Receptor Antagonists
Dopamine Antagonists
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Enzyme Inhibitors
GABA Agents
Antimanic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics processed this record on April 26, 2017