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Capecitabine and Vorinostat in Treating Patients With Recurrent and/or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been terminated.
(Study treatment did not show clinical activity.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01267240
First received: December 24, 2010
Last updated: March 3, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
  Purpose
This partially randomized phase II trial studies giving capecitabine and vorinostat in treating patients with head and neck cancer that has come back after previous treatment or that has spread to other areas in the body. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Vorinostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether giving capecitabine together with vorinostat is more effective than capecitabine alone in treating patients with cancer of the head and neck cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Paranasal Sinus Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Recurrent Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Recurrent Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Recurrent Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Recurrent Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVA Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVA Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVA Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVA Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVB Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVB Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVB Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVB Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVC Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVC Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVC Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Stage IVC Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Drug: Capecitabine
Drug: Vorinostat
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Vorinostat and Capecitabine in Recurrent and/or Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck (SCCHN) and Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response Rate According to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.1) for target lesions and assessed by CT and MRI: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Overall survival is defined as the length of time from start of treatment to death from any cause. Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: From time of treatment initiation to disease progression, death, or completion of the 1 year follow-up, whichever occurs first. ]

    PFS is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression, death, or completion of the 1-year follow-up, whichever occurs first.

    Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.1), as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions.



Enrollment: 25
Study Start Date: December 2010
Study Completion Date: October 2016
Primary Completion Date: June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (capecitabine, vorinostat)
Patients receive capecitabine PO BID and vorinostat PO daily on days 1-14. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Capecitabine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Ro 09-1978/000
  • Xeloda
Drug: Vorinostat
Given PO
Other Names:
  • L-001079038
  • SAHA
  • Suberanilohydroxamic Acid
  • Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid
  • Zolinza

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the objective response rate (complete and partial) and duration of response of the combination of vorinostat and capecitabine in patients with recurrent and/or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). (SCCHN) II. To determine the objective response rate (complete and partial) and duration of response of the combination of vorinostat and capecitabine in patients with recurrent and/or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). (NPC)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of the combination of vorinostat and capecitabine in patients with recurrent and/or metastatic SCCHN. (SCCHN) II. To determine the rate of progression-free survival (PFS) at 6 months. (SCCHN) III. To determine the rate and duration of stable disease (SD). (SCCHN) IV. To determine the median PFS, and the rate of PFS at 1 year. (SCCHN) V. To determine the median overall survival (OS), and rates of overall survival at 6 months and at 1 year. (SCCHN) VI. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of the combination of vorinostat and capecitabine in patients with recurrent and/or metastatic NPC. (NPC) VII. To determine the duration of objective response. (NPC) VIII. To determine the rate and duration of stable disease (SD). (NPC) IX. To determine the median PFS, and the rate of PFS at 1 year. (NPC) X. To determine the median overall survival (OS), and rates of overall survival at 6 months and at 1 year. (NPC)

OUTLINE: This is a non-randomized, open-label study of patients with SCCHN and NPC (Stage I), followed by a randomized study of patients with NPC (Stage II).

STAGE I: Patients receive capecitabine orally (PO) twice daily (BID) and vorinostat PO daily on days 1-14. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

STAGE II: Patients with NPC are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive capecitabine PO BID and vorinostat PO daily on days 1-14. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive capecitabine PO BID on days 1-14. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients will be followed up at 3-4 weeks and then every 6 months for 1 year.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed SCCHN or NPC that is recurrent and/or metastatic and that is not amendable to curative therapy by surgery or radiation; SCCHN originating from the following sites are eligible: oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, hypopharynx and paranasal sinus are eligible; for patients with a diagnosis of SCCHN of unknown origin, their eligibility must be reviewed and approved by the principal investigator
  • For patients with SCCHN, they may have received one prior targeted therapy for recurrent or metastatic disease (excluding histone deacetylase [HDAC] inhibitors) provided treatment is completed > 4 weeks prior to enrollment; they may have received prior systemic chemotherapy (ie, induction, concurrent or adjuvant) for SCCHN as part of the initial multimodality treatment for locally advanced disease if the chemotherapy is completed > 6 months prior to enrollment; patients are not eligible if they received fluorouracil (5-FU) or capecitabine previously as part of the initial multimodality treatment
  • Patients with NPC must have completed one prior chemotherapy regimen for recurrent or metastatic disease at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment; in addition, they may have received prior systemic chemotherapy (ie, induction, concurrent or adjuvant) for NPC as part of the initial multimodality treatment for locally advanced disease if the chemotherapy is completed > 6 months prior to enrollment; patients are eligible if they received 5-FU as part of the initial multimodality treatment; patients are not eligible if they received capecitabine previously
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as > 20 mm with conventional techniques or as > 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan; indicator lesions must not have been previously treated with surgery, radiation therapy or radiofrequency ablation unless there is documented progression after therapy
  • Patients must have completed any previous surgery or radiotherapy >= 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  • Previously treated patients must have evidence of progressive disease, either clinically or radiographically, as assessed by the investigator
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status < 2 (Karnofsky > 60%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.25 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x ULN or =< 5 x ULN with documented liver metastases
  • Creatinine =< 1.25 x ULN OR creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above 1.25 x ULN
  • 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) with normal tracing, or non-clinically significant changes that do not require medical intervention; corrected QT (QTc) interval < 470 msec, and without history of Torsades de Pointes or other symptomatic QTc abnormality
  • Eligibility of patients receiving any medications or substances known to affect or with the potential to affect the activity of vorinostat will be determined following review of their case by the principal investigator
  • Women of childbearing potential and men must be surgically sterilized, practicing abstinence, or agree to use 2 birth control methods prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; the 2 birth control methods can be either be 2 barrier methods or a barrier method plus a hormonal method to prevent pregnancy; the following are considered adequate barrier methods of contraception: diaphragm or sponge, and condom; other methods of contraception such as copper intrauterine device or spermicide may be used; appropriate hormonal contraceptives will include any registered and marketed contraceptive agent that contains an estrogen and/or a progestational agent (including oral, subcutaneous, intrauterine, or intramuscular agents); should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Patients must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests and other study procedures
  • Willingness to discontinue taking any medications that are generally accepted to have a risk causing Torsades de Pointes during the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Past or current malignancy other than SCCHN or NPC, except for:

    • Cervical carcinoma Stage 1B or less
    • Non-invasive basal cell and squamous cell skin carcinoma
    • Malignant melanoma with a complete response of a duration of > 10 years
    • Radically treated prostate cancer (prostatectomy or radiotherapy) with normal prostate specific antigen (PSA), and not requiring ongoing anti-androgen hormonal therapy
    • Other cancer diagnosis with a complete response of duration of > 5 years
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial
  • Prior use of capecitabine is not allowed
  • Prior and concomitant treatment with HDAC inhibitors (such as valproic acid) are not allowed
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to vorinostat or other agents used in study
  • Patients who are unable to take oral medications and / or who have a clinical or radiological diagnosis of bowel obstruction are ineligible
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, active peptic ulcer disease, myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to entry, congestive heart failure, symptomatic congestive heart failure, active cardiomyopathy, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, uncontrolled hypertension or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with vorinostat
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients are ineligible
  • Patients with known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency are excluded
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01267240

Locations
United States, California
Tower Cancer Research Foundation
Beverly Hills, California, United States, 90211-1850
City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Contra Costa Regional Medical Center
Martinez, California, United States, 94553-3156
Veterans Administration Hospital - Martinez
Martinez, California, United States, 94553
University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
City of Hope South Pasadena
South Pasadena, California, United States, 91030
United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033-0850
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Canada, Alberta
Tom Baker Cancer Centre
Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 4N2
Canada, British Columbia
BCCA-Vancouver Cancer Centre
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 4E6
Canada, Ontario
Juravinski Cancer Centre at Hamilton Health Sciences
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8V 5C2
London Health Sciences Centre-Corporate
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 4L6
London Regional Cancer Program
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 4L6
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Eric Chen University Health Network-Princess Margaret Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01267240     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-02556
NCI-2011-02556 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
PMH-PHL-068
CDR0000689859
NCI 8192
PHL-068 ( Other Identifier: University Health Network-Princess Margaret Hospital )
8192 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM00032 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
N01CM00038 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: December 24, 2010
Results First Received: December 2, 2016
Last Updated: March 3, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Capecitabine
Vorinostat
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 28, 2017