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Mechanisms of Improvement With Beta-Blocker Treatment in Heart Failure

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Michael Debakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center Identifier:
First received: December 15, 2010
Last updated: NA
Last verified: December 2010
History: No changes posted
The overall hypothesis of this application is that the improvement in LV ejection performance following treatment with betablockers is due, at least in part, to improvement in intrinsic myocardial contractility.

Condition Intervention Phase
Heart Failure Cardiomyopathy Drug: carvedilol Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Mechanisms of Improvement With Beta-Blocker Treatment in Heart Failure

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Michael Debakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Load independent measure of contractility: Left ventricular velocity of circumferential shortening to left ventricular end systolic stress ratio [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Mean velocity of circumferential fiber shortening (VCF) will be derived as = Left Ventricular Fractional shortening / Ejection Time.Left ventricular (LV) end-systolic stress will be calculated as = ([1.35 × P × LV endsysolic diameter]/(4 × LV posterior wall thickness in systole × (1+LV posterior wall thickness in systole /LV endsysolic diameter)))

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Left ventricular end diastolic and end systolic volumes, left ventricular end systolic stress, effective arterial elastance [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Enrollment: 55
Study Start Date: December 2001
Study Completion Date: October 2005
Primary Completion Date: October 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: carvedilol
    Patients with heart failure and LVEF < 35 % were treated with maximally tolerated dose of carvedilol for a period of six months. Target dose was 25 mg bid or 37.5 mg bid if patient's baseline weight > 80 kg.
    Other Name: coreg
Detailed Description:
The immediate specific objectives of this application are two-fold: (1) to determine whether the observed improvement in LV ejection performance is due to alterations in intrinsic cardiac myocardial contractility and (2) to determine whether changes in LV contractile reserve following an infusion of intravenous milrinone can be used to predict a salutary response to beta-blockers. The immediate specific objectives of this proposal will be addressed in the following two Specific Aims: In Specific Aim 1, we will determine whether the observed improvement in LV ejection fraction following treatment with beta-blockers is due to changes in intrinsic myocardial contractility, as opposed to changes in LV remodeling (i.e. reduction in LV volume) or changes in LV loading conditions. Changes in LV function will be evaluated using proven indexes, one an ejection phase index: the relation of end-systolic stress (ESS) to the mean velocity of fiber shortening (VCF), considered a relatively load independent measure of contractility. Changes in LV structure will be evaluated using echocardiography. In Specific Aim 2, we will determine whether the salutary response to beta-blockers can be predicted by measuring "contractile reserve", defined as a change in contractility determined by the relation of the mean velocity of fiber shortening (VCF) to end-systolic stress (ESS) in response to intravenous milrinone infusion at the cardiac catheterization lab prior to the institution of beta-blockade. The response to treatment with beta-blockers will be assessed by measurement of LV ejection fraction and LV end-diastolic volume by echocardiography after 6 months of treatment with beta-blockers, and these measurements will be correlated with the respective changes in contractile reserve measurement at baseline.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients 18 years of age or older.
  2. Man or nonpregnant women (only women who are postmenopausal, surgically sterile or practicing an acceptable method of contraception)
  3. Patients with dilated nonischemic cardiomyopathy with LVEF< 35% and NYHA Class III-IVa heart failure
  4. Patients on standard stable medical therapy with Ace inhibitors (or hydralazine and nitrates or Angiotensin II Receptor blockers if Ace-intolerant), diuretics and or digoxin for at least 1 month prior to enrollment in the study.
  5. Heart failure symptoms have to be present for at least 3 months
  6. Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Ischemic heart disease documented by cardiac catheterization with any coronary obstructive lesion > 50% stenosis, history of myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass surgery , percutaneous coronary angioplasty or stenting
  2. Uncorrected primary valvular disease, obstructive or restrictive cardiomyopathy.
  3. Systolic blood pressure >170 or <85 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure >100 mm Hg; heart rate <50 bpm.
  4. Sick sinus syndrome or advanced heart block (unless treated by a pacemaker), symptomatic or sustained ventricular tachycardia not controlled by antiarrhythmic drugs or an implantable defibrillator
  5. Cor pulmonale, obstructive pulmonary disease requiring oral bronchodilator or steroid therapy
  6. Active malignancy, or a systemic or terminal disease that would limit physical function or survival during the trial
  7. Active and known drug or alcohol dependence or any factors that will interfere with the study conduct or interpretation of results.
  8. Clinically important hepatic or renal disease; or any condition other than heart failure that could limit survival
  9. Platelet count <100 000 mm3 or white blood cell count <3000 mm3, INR (international normalized ratio) >1.7
  10. Current treatment with beta-blocker, beta-agonist, verapamil, chronic cyclic or continuous inotropic therapy, or use of an investigational drug within 30 days of entry into the challenge phase
  11. History of drug sensitivity or adverse reactions to beta-blockers
  12. Unwillingness to cooperate or give written informed consent, pregnant or lactating women
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01261065

United States, Texas
Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Michael Debakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Biykem Bozkurt, MD Michael E.DeBakey VA Medical Center, Baylor College of Medicine
  More Information

Responsible Party: Biykem Bozkurt , MD, Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Baylor College of Medicine Identifier: NCT01261065     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VA-CDA
Study First Received: December 15, 2010
Last Updated: December 15, 2010

Keywords provided by Michael Debakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center:
beta blockers
heart failure

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
Adrenergic Antagonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antihypertensive Agents
Vasodilator Agents
Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor Antagonists
Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists processed this record on September 21, 2017