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Treatment of Corneal Neovascularization With Topical Pazopanib

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01257750
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 10, 2010
Results First Posted : November 6, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 18, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Reza Dana, MD, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of a drug [Pazopanib (Votrient)] as a treatment for corneal neovascularization. The cornea is the clear, central portion of the eye and neovascularization means blood vessel growth. The cornea is typically avascular, or without blood vessels. Corneal neovascularization in the cornea and can put vision at risk. Numerous diseases of the cornea such as inflammation, ischemia (restriction of blood supply), infection, degeneration (or deterioration), trauma, or corneal stem cell deficiency can lead to corneal neovascularization. This major ocular complication can lead to corneal scarring, edema (swelling), lipid deposits, and inflammation that may significantly alter your vision. In addition, it worsens the outcome of potential future treatments, such as a corneal transplant. A corneal transplant is a treatment that many patients with severe corneal disease may ultimately need.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Corneal Neovascularization Drug: Pazopanib (5mg/ml) Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Normally avascular, under many pathologic conditions, vessels may invade the cornea from the limbal vascular plexus. Infection, inflammation, ischemia, degeneration, or trauma, and the loss of the limbal stem cell barrier can cause corneal neovascularization. Growth of new vessels may result in corneal scarring, edema, lipid deposition, and inflammation that may alter visual acuity and is a leading cause of monocular visual impairment and blindness. Additionally, it results in the loss of immune response across the cornea, thereby worsening the prognosis of a subsequent penetrating keratoplasty (PK). Growth of new blood and lymphatic vessels from preexisting vessels are mediated by members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family. In previous studies, inhibition of new blood or lymphatic vessels has been achieved by neutralization of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A). It has also been shown that platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B) plays a role in corneal and choroidal neovascularization by regulating mural cell recruitment. Inhibition of PDGF-B and VEGF-A signaling pathways has shown to more effectively promote vessel regression than solely inhibiting VEGF-A. Pazopanib is a drug designed to block these pathways, stop new growth, and regress old vessel growth.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety and Efficacy of Topical Pazopanib in Treatment of Corneal Neovascularization
Study Start Date : November 2010
Primary Completion Date : January 2012
Study Completion Date : January 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Eye Care
Drug Information available for: Pazopanib
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pazopanib
This is a single site, open label, safety and efficacy study of pazopanib (5mg/ml) where all 20 patients with corneal neovascularization in a single arm will receive pazopanib in one eye.
Drug: Pazopanib (5mg/ml)
Topical pazopanib, 4 times per day for 3 weeks
Other Name: Votrient

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Heart Rate [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]
    Heart rate through was measured throughout the study to assess subjects for systemic adverse events.

  2. Mean Arterial Pressure [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]
    Mean arterial pressure was measured throughout the study to assess subjects for systemic adverse events..

  3. Central Corneal Thickness [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]
    Pachymetry was used to measure the central corneal thickness of each study subject. Central corneal thickness was measured throughout the study to assess subjects for ocular adverse events.

  4. Intaocular Pressure [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]
    Intaocular pressure is the measurement of pressure within the eye. Intaocular pressure was measured throughout the study to assess subjects for ocular adverse events.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Corneal Neovascular Area [ Time Frame: Through 12 weeks of Follow-Up ]
    Corneal neovascular area is the measurement of the area of the cornea where new blood vessels are forming. The mean Change in Corneal Neovascular Area from Baseline to 12 Week Time Point is reported below.

  2. Corneal Invasion Area [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]
    Corneal Invasion area is the measurement of the fraction of the total corneal area that is invaded by blood vessels. The mean Change in Corneal invasion area from baseline to 12 Week Time Point is reported below.

  3. Corneal Vessel Length [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]
    Corneal vessel length is the measurement of the length of the extent of vessels from end to end. The mean change in corneal vessel length from Baseline to 12 Week Time Point is reported below.

  4. Corneal Vessel Caliber [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]
    Corneal vessel caliber is the measurement of the diameter of the corneal blood vessels. The mean change in the corneal vessel caliber from baseline to 12 week time point is reported below.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to provide written informed consent
  • Ability to comply with study assessments and study requirements (for example, able to open the eye drop foil-wrap packaging and eye drop vials, willing to adhere to the daily dosing schedule) for the full duration of study
  • Age > 18 years
  • Patients with superficial or deep corneal neovascularization that extends farther than 1 mm from the limbus
  • Patients are in stable overall health
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin ≤ 1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN) or isolated bilirubin >1.5x ULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%
  • Single QTcF < 450 msec; or QTcF < 480 msec in subjects with Bundle Branch Block
  • A female is eligible to enter and participate in this study if she is of Non-childbearing potential (i.e., physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant),

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones)
  • History of any clotting disorder, including predisposition to hypercoagulation or any previous thromboembolic event
  • Major surgery within 1 month of screening
  • Has received treatment with anti-VEGF agents (topical, intraocular or systemic) within 60 days of study entry. This includes both approved and investigational treatments.
  • Has received investigational therapy within 60 days prior to study entry
  • Concurrent enrollment in another clinical investigational medicinal product or device study
  • Concurrent use of anti-VEGF agents
  • Corneal or ocular surface infection within 30 days prior to study entry
  • Full thickness or lamellar keratoplasty within 90 days prior to study entry
  • Other ocular surgeries within 60 days prior to study entry
  • Ocular or periocular malignancy
  • Soft Contact lens (excluding bandage contact lens) use within 2 weeks prior to study entry
  • Persistent epithelial defect (>1mm and ≥14 days duration) within 2 weeks prior to study entry
  • Intravitreal or periocular steroids within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • Change in dose/frequency of topical steroids and/or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) within 2 weeks prior to study entry
  • Poorly controlled Hypertension: systolic blood pressure (BP) > 150 or diastolic BP > 90
  • Medical history of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) >7%
  • Women 45 years of age or younger that are of child bearing potential as defined by:

    • No history of a hysterectomy
    • No history of a bilateral oophorectomy (ovariectomy)
    • No history of a bilateral tubal ligation
    • Not post-menopausal
  • Subjects using hormone replacement therapy (HRT) that have experienced total cessation of menses for ≤ 1 year, OR, in questionable cases, have a follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value <40 mIU/mL and an estradiol value > 40pg/mL (>140 pmol/L) OR have documented evidence OR have had documented evidence of menopause based on FSH and estradiol concentrations prior to initiation of HRT. Signs of current infection, including fever and current treatment with antibiotics
  • Participation in another simultaneous medical investigation or trial STUDY

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01257750

United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Reza Dana, MD
Principal Investigator: Reza Dana, MD, MPH, MSc Mass Eye and Ear Infirmary

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Reza Dana, MD, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01257750     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 10-09-063
First Posted: December 10, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 6, 2012
Last Update Posted: January 18, 2018
Last Verified: December 2017

Keywords provided by Reza Dana, MD, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary:
corneal neovascularization

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neovascularization, Pathologic
Corneal Neovascularization
Pathologic Processes
Corneal Diseases
Eye Diseases