Infliximab to Improve Retention of the Boston Keratoprosthesis in Patients After Stevens Johnson Syndrome/ Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (SJS/TENS)
|Stevens-Johnson Syndrome Corneal Blindness||Drug: Infliximab||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Infliximab Therapy to Improve Retention of the Boston Keratoprosthesis in Patients After Stevens Johnson Syndrome/ Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis|
- Occurrence of corneal ulceration [ Time Frame: Assessed monthly for up to 2 years following surgery ]
- Occurrence of systemic adverse events [ Time Frame: Assessed monthly for up to 2 years following first infusion ]
- Period Of Prosthesis Retention [ Time Frame: Assessed monthly for up to 2 years following surgery ]
- Vision Recovery [ Time Frame: Assessed monthly for up to 2 years following surgery ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Every patient enrolled in the study will receive monthly infusions of Infliximab throughout the term of the study. Infliximab will be administered intravenously.
The drug will be administered intravenously every month for 110 weeks (duration of the study). The initial dose of infliximab will be 5mg/kg of body weight. The dose may be adjusted up to a maximal dosing of 10mg/kg depending upon disease activity, as judged by the investigators.
Other Name: Remicade
The closely related disorders, Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Syndrome (TENS), represent rare but severe hypersensitivity responses to a systemic medication, and cause severe sloughing of the skin and mucous membranes. Approximately half of affected patients experience ocular involvement, which can lead to corneal opacity and vascularization, and in some patients, blindness. Corneal transplantation (corneal allograft) is typically unsuccessful in SJS/TENS, because of chronic inflammation at the ocular surface, leading to corneal neovascularization and opacity, tissue melt, ulceration, and perforation.
The Boston keratoprosthesis, an artificial cornea developed at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary (MEEI) over the last 40 years, is an FDA approved device for patients with corneal blindness not amenable to corneal transplantation, and has restored the sight of thousands of such patients, but in SJS/TENS patients remains associated with tissue melts (tissue ulceration), perforation, and ultimately in some, loss of the eye. K-Pro surgery is currently the best option for patients with SJS or TENS and corneal blindness, but these patients also have the worst prognosis after surgery. While the outcomes of these surgeries for patients with SJS or TENS have improved dramatically in the past ten years, they are still unsatisfactory. Remicade® has been used in a small group of patients with SJS or TENS undergoing K-Pro surgery, with one remarkable success. The purpose of this study is to explore this treatment more fully.
For a case report detailing the use of infliximab in one patient, see the following article: Dohlman JG, Foster CS, Dohlman CH. "Boston Keratoprosthesis in Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: A case of using infliximab to prevent tissue necrosis." Digital Journal of Ophthalmology. 2009, Volume 15, Number 1.
Recently developed biologics have dramatically improved functional outcomes and quality of life in patients with autoimmune diseases. One such agent, infliximab, acts by blocking TNF alpha, a protein associated with tissue melting in the cornea, and is increasingly being used for autoimmune eye conditions, in addition to its FDA approved indication for recalcitrant rheumatoid arthritis.
The proposed study will determine the feasibility of combining infliximab with keratoprosthesis surgery, and will closely monitor patients for episodes of corneal melting: the primary outcome of the study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01256489
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Principal Investigator:||James Chodosh, MD, MPH||Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary|