Impact of IPT With Sulfadoxin Pyrimetamin on Pregnant Women and Their Babies Outcomes in Peri-urban Areas of Bobo-Dioulasso(Burkina Faso)
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The purpose of this is to determine the impact of intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) on the morbidities associated with malaria in pregnant women and newborns in rural peri-urban areas of Bobo-Dioulasso, 5 years after its implemented.
Condition or disease
Malaria in pregnant women is a crucial issue in Burkina Faso. Faced with this problem, a strategy based on the use of treated nets and intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) based on sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) was adopted in 2005. Five years after its implementation, the investigators will check whether this strategy is still effective in the preventing maternal and congenital malaria on the one hand and maternal anemia, low birth weight and prematurity on the other hand.
Impact of Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPT) With Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) on the Morbidities Associated With Malaria in Pregnant Women and Newborns in Peri-urban Areas of Bobo-Dioulasso, 5 Years After Its Adoption by the National Program for Fight Against Malaria in Burkina Faso.
Study Start Date
Study Completion Date
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Peripheral and placental malaria [ Time Frame: Peripheral malaria : at antenatal clinics and at delivery. Placental malaria: at delivery ]
The investigators will check if pregnant women have any malaria parasites by making a finger prick thick respectively at antenatal clinics and at delivery. A placental thin smear will be made at delivery.
Secondary Outcome Measures
Maternal anemia, congenital malaria,low birth weight, prematurity. [ Time Frame: Maternal anemia: at antenatal clinics and at delivery. Congenital malaria: at delivery. Low birth weight: at delivery. Prematurity: at delivery. ]
The investigators will check pregnant women haemoglobin level.A level< 11g/dl will be considered as anemia.
Congenital malaria will be assessed through cord blood smear. Birth weight <2500g will be considered as low birth weight. Prematurity designs any birth before 37 gestation weeks.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
The investigators make thick and thin blood smear and collect a few drops of blood on the 3MM paper Whatmann Schleicher-Schuell.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Our study population is constitued by pregnant women coming for antenatal care or delivery in two peripheral heath facilities of Bobo-Dioulasso(Lafiabougou and Secteur 24).
Residing in the health area of Lafiabougou or secteur 24