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Safety Study of Umbilical Cord Blood To Treat Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01251003
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Unable to identify eligible subjects with traumatic brain injury who also have banked umbilical cord blood at CBR.)
First Posted : December 1, 2010
Last Update Posted : December 10, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Charles Cox, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if it is safe to use stored autologous Human Umbilical Cord Blood (hUCB) to treat pediatric patients that sustain a severe or moderate Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), and have not fully recovered as measured by the Glasgow Outcome Score-Expanded (GOS-EC)/Child at 6 to 18 months post-injury.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Traumatic Brain Injury Biological: Autologous cord blood Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Traumatic brain injury is the primary cause of pediatric trauma related morbidity and mortality. Currently there is no reparative therapeutic option available, and all interventions are designed to prevent injury progression or secondary brain injury. Pre-clinical data suggest that progenitor cellular infusions may reduce the severity of injury by a number of proposed mechanisms. The current study proposes a Phase 1 Safety Trial using stored autologous UCB to treat patients that sustain a severe or moderate TBI, and have not fully recovered as measured by the Glasgow Outcome Score-Expanded/Child at 6 to 18 months post-injury. We have chosen to use one bank that uses standardized processing and storage protocol to reduce cell product variability.

Families who have banked hUCB at Cord Blood Registry, Inc. (CBR), will be prospectively notified of the possibility of using their child's stored UCB if they sustain a moderate or severe TBI and have a persistent deficit at 6-18 months. Prior to enrolling in the study, patients will have their medical records, imaging studies reviewed, and a telephone interview will determine potential eligibility and exclusion criteria. If eligible, the patients will travel to Houston to undergo a medical history and physical exam, neuropsychiatric evaluation, DT-MRI imaging of the brain, and baseline laboratory evaluation. The UCB will be shipped to the Center for Cell and Gene Therapy for reanimation and characterization/determination of release criteria of the cell product (contamination-free). The UCB will be infused intravenously and the patient will be monitored as an in-patient in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) located within Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital for 24 hours, after which the patient will be discharged but will return the next day for a final examination. Follow-up visits will occur back at UT-Houston at 180 days, 1 year and 2 years post-infusion - these visits will include medical history and physical exam, neurological and neuropsych evaluations, and DT-MRI imaging of the brain.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety of Autologous Human Umbilical Cord Blood Treatment for Traumatic Brain in Children
Study Start Date : January 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Intervention Details:
  • Biological: Autologous cord blood
    there is no minimum acceptable dose, and the maximum allowable dose will be 10x10(9)cells/kg given IV (in the vein), one time infusion

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine if autologous hUCB transplantation is safe and free of infusion related toxicity. [ Time Frame: 0-21 days post cellular product infusion ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine if autologous hUCB transplantation improves post-TBI neuropsychological and imaging outcomes measures. [ Time Frame: 6 months, 12 months, 24 months post cellular product infusion ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Months to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Hospital admission Glasgow Coma Score between 3 and 12 at the time of injury
  • Injury occurring 6 to 18 months prior to study cord blood infusion (+/- 30 days)
  • Ability of child and caregiver to travel to Houston, and stay for at least 4 days, and to return for all Follow-up visits
  • Ability of child to understand (and speak) English
  • Child's own cord blood banked at Cord Blood Registry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to obtain all pertinent medical records, including pertinent physician notes, laboratory findings, and radiographic images, related to the original injury, hospitalization and rehabilitation
  • Recent radiographic evidence of extensive stroke as evidenced by >100ml lesion
  • Pre-injury history of seizure disorder and/or neurological impairment
  • Obliteration of perimesencephalic cistern on initial head CT/MRI
  • Initial hospital Intracranial Pressure (ICP) > 40
  • Unhealed fractures or wounds including osteomyelitis
  • Pneumonia, or chronic lung disease requiring oxygen
  • Spinal cord injury as diagnosed by CT or MR imaging or by clinical findings
  • Cord blood sample contamination
  • Participation in a concurrent intervention study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01251003

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United States, Texas
The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Charles Cox
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Principal Investigator: Charles S Cox, Jr., MD University of Texas Medical School at Houston
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Responsible Party: Charles Cox, Professor, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston Identifier: NCT01251003    
Other Study ID Numbers: HSC-MS-10-0061
First Posted: December 1, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 10, 2015
Last Verified: December 2015
Keywords provided by Charles Cox, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston:
Traumatic Brain Injury
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Injuries
Brain Injuries, Traumatic
Wounds and Injuries
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Craniocerebral Trauma
Trauma, Nervous System