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Implications of Pacifier Use in Israeli Children

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified November 2010 by Hadassah Medical Organization.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
Information provided by:
Hadassah Medical Organization Identifier:
First received: November 28, 2010
Last updated: November 29, 2010
Last verified: November 2010
The purpose of this study is to examine pacifier sucking habits among children, and to assess implications of the oral habit - for example malocclusions and drooling. The effect of pacifier sucking will be recorded and compared to pacifier type and frequency of use.


Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Observational Study - Pacifier Use in Israeli Children

Further study details as provided by Hadassah Medical Organization:

Estimated Enrollment: 400
Study Start Date: January 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Pacifier study protocol

  • The study will take place in children day care centers in Jerusalem and "HaSharon" area.
  • First step = Receiving an approval from the Children's parents and the day care management for the research.
  • Next step = Examine a total of 400 children who use a pacifier, with a dental mirror in regular lighting condition.
  • The procedure is short, no need of repetition or tracing and without any side effects or discomfort.

Part 1- a short questionnaire of demographic background- will be answered by the parents:

  1. Personal details- Parents names and ages, child's name and ID number, relation to the child (mother, father…)
  2. Social economic status - mother's education, place of residence, number of children in the family.
  3. Child's personal details -gender, age, number of siblings
  4. Pacifier use habits- period of use, type of pacifier, frequency of use, reason of using a pacifier.
  5. Child's Dental condition- drooling, cross bite, open bite.
  6. Parents' Awareness of pacifier's effect on mouth development.
  7. Parents' approval for child examination. Part 2- clinical- visual examination for identification of relevant findings

1. Child's pacifier type. 2. Dental clinical examination performed in a lightened room:

  • Diagnosis of caries- data will be written in a chart.
  • Diagnosis of malocclusion- open bite or cross bite 3. Diagnosis of drooling from mouth corners which indicates malocclusion. Redness or dryness around lips and chin can imply drooling.

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 5 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
400 children

Inclusion Criteria:

  • healthy children aged 3-4 years that use a pacifier

Exclusion Criteria:

children suffering from a chronic or developmental disease that can affect the orofacial region

  • finger sucking children children suffering from low muscle tonus, abnormal drooling
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01249885

Hadassah Medical Organization, Jerusalem, Israel
Jerusalem, Israel, 91120
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hadassah Medical Organization
Principal Investigator: Hadas Katz-Sagi, DMD Hadassah MO
Study Director: Diana Ram, DMD Hadassah MO
  More Information

Responsible Party: Hadas Katz-Sagi, DMD, Hadassah Medical Center Identifier: NCT01249885     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 112010hmo-ctil 
Study First Received: November 28, 2010
Last Updated: November 29, 2010

Keywords provided by Hadassah Medical Organization:
pacifier sucking

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Open Bite
Salivary Gland Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Tooth Diseases processed this record on February 17, 2017