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Early Treatment With Dexamethasone in Mild Acute Pancreatitis

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(Investigator left institution)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01247961
First Posted: November 25, 2010
Last Update Posted: December 12, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bechien Wu, MD, MPH, Brigham and Women's Hospital
  Purpose

This pilot trial will evaluate the following in patients with acute pancreatitis:

  1. Safety profile of early treatment with intravenous dexamethasone
  2. Impact of dexamethasone on systemic inflammation in patients with acute pancreatitis
  3. Provide preliminary data on potential impact of early treatment with steroids on clinical outcomes

Condition Intervention Phase
Patients With Acute Pancreatitis Drug: Dexamethasone acetate Other: Placebo Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intravenous Dexamethasone for the Early Treatment of Mild Acute Pancreatitis: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bechien Wu, MD, MPH, Brigham and Women's Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Systemic Inflammation (measured by c-reactive protein level) [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
    C-reactive protein (CRP) is a well-established inflammatory prognostic marker in acute pancreatitis. Primary comparison will be between median CRP levels at 48 hours between treatment arms.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety parameters [ Time Frame: 72 hours post-randomization ]
    We will monitor for incidence of malignant hyperglycemia (blood sugar>400 mg/dL), psychosis or culture-documented infectious complications.

  • Composite clinical outcome [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days from hospital admission ]
    A composite clinical endpoint including development of either 1) pancreatic necrosis, 2) persistent organ dysfunction defined according to Atlanta symposium criteria 3) requirement for treatment in an intensive care unit and/or 4) development of culture-documented infection will be used to evaluate impact of treatment with dexamethasone on clinical outcomes in the study population.


Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: November 2010
Study Completion Date: June 2011
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 10 mg intravenous dexamethasone
Subjects randomized to intervention arm will receive single dose of 10 mg intravenous dexamethasone.
Drug: Dexamethasone acetate
10 mg intravenous given as single administration with optional repeat dose after 36 hours.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Equal volume of normal saline administered as a single intravenous dose at enrollment.
Other: Placebo
Normal saline

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age>=18 years
  • Diagnosis of acute pancreatitis confirmed by at least 2 of the following:

    1. Typical epigastric abdominal pain
    2. Elevation amylase/lipase >3 times upper limit normal and/or
    3. Confirmatory findings on cross-sectional imaging
  • Enrollment within 8 hours of presentation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Class II or greater NYHA heart failure
  • Oxygen dependent COPD
  • Chronic kidney disease>stage 2
  • Cirrhosis
  • Existing necrosis on abdominal CT
  • Organ dysfunction prior to enrollment
  • Sepsis
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Malignancy not in remission for at least 5 years
  • Active drug use
  • Known allergy to dexamethasone
  • Altered mental status
  • Insulin-requiring diabetes
  • Abdominal surgery within 60 days
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01247961


Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Bechien U Wu, MD, MPH Center for Pancreatic Disease, Brigham and Women's Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Bechien Wu, MD, MPH, Physician, Center for Pancreatic Disease, Brigham and Women's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01247961     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2010P-002192
First Submitted: November 19, 2010
First Posted: November 25, 2010
Last Update Posted: December 12, 2016
Last Verified: December 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatitis
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action