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Infant Severe Sepsis and Bacterial Meningitis in Malawi (Infaseme)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01247909
First Posted: November 25, 2010
Last Update Posted: October 26, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Elizabeth Molyneux, University of Malawi College of Medicine
  Purpose

This study aims to improve the outcome of infants (<2 months) with severe sepsis and meningitis at the Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi.

Currently WHO recommends the treatment of infant severe sepsis and bacterial meningitis with 14 to 21 day course of penicillin and gentamicin as first line. The second line treatment is cefotaxime or ceftriaxone.

Severe bacterial infections are common in infants under 2 months of age and the mortality is very high (~50%). There are several reasons for this; one is that the first line antibiotics used are no longer as effective as they used to be. Bacterial resistance to the first line antibiotics has increased and some infections especially of the central nervous system may only be partly treated and not eradicated by present therapy. First line treatment is cheap and available but requires 4 injections a day, for at least 14 days, a total of 58 injections. Many mothers find this number too much and abscond. The investigators second line therapy is ceftriaxone which is also available and cheap and the advantage of being given as a daily injection. The disadvantage is that it can cause (reversible) jaundice particularly in premature babies and it must not be given with calcium products. The investigators do not give calcium to the investigators infants as the investigators cannot routinely check electrolytes. All the most common causes of bacterial meningitis in this age group in the investigators setting are sensitive to ceftriaxone.

The investigators wish to undertake an open randomized trial of penicillin and gentamicin v ceftriaxone as first line treatment for infant meningitis. The investigators are able to monitor for side effects.

The investigators hypothesise that the ceftriaxone arm will have 20% less deaths that the penicillin and gentamicin group.


Condition Intervention Phase
Infant Bacterial Meningitis Drug: Ceftriaxone v penicillin and gentamicin Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Randomised Trial of Ceftriaxone v Penicillin and Gentamicin in Infant Severe Sepsis and Bacterial Meningitis in Malawi

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Elizabeth Molyneux, University of Malawi College of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Recovery v death or severe residual neurological sequelae at hospital discharge, 1 month and 6 months post discharge. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Outcome by causative bacterial agent, recovery v death or severe residual neurological sequelae at hospital discharge, 1 month and 6 months post discharge. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Enrollment: 351
Study Start Date: April 2010
Study Completion Date: April 2015
Primary Completion Date: February 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ceftriaxone
Ceftriaxone in infants with sepsis and bacterial meningitis
Drug: Ceftriaxone v penicillin and gentamicin
Ceftriaxone v the standard treatment of infant meningitis (penicillin and gentamicin). Ceftriaxone will be given at a dose of 80mg/kg once a day for at least 14 days.
Active Comparator: Penicillin and gentamicin
Penicillin and Gentamicin in infants with sepsis and bacterial meningitis
Drug: Ceftriaxone v penicillin and gentamicin
Ceftriaxone v the standard treatment of infant meningitis (penicillin and gentamicin). Ceftriaxone will be given at a dose of 80mg/kg once a day for at least 14 days.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 2 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children less than 2 months
  • Suspicion of bacterial meningitis
  • Parental/guardian informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Infant with hyperbilirubinaemia
  • Infant requiring calcium
  • Infant know to be hypersensitive to any of the three drugs
  • Infant who has been an inpatient for more than 72 hours
  • Infant with congenital central nervous system abnormalities
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01247909


Locations
Malawi
Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital/ College of Medicne
Private Bag 360 Blantyre, Malawi, 3
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Malawi College of Medicine
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth Molyneux, FRCPCH Malawi College of Medicine, Paediatrics Department
  More Information

Responsible Party: Elizabeth Molyneux, Professor of Paediatircs, University of Malawi College of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01247909     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Infaseme
First Submitted: January 14, 2010
First Posted: November 25, 2010
Last Update Posted: October 26, 2016
Last Verified: October 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Meningitis
Sepsis
Meningitis, Bacterial
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Infection
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Inflammation
Pathologic Processes
Central Nervous System Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Central Nervous System Infections
Gentamicins
Ceftriaxone
Penicillins
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action