Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant for Children With Lymphoid Hematological Malignancies (UCALL)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01247688
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (This study was withdrawn due to low accrual.)
First Posted : November 24, 2010
Last Update Posted : December 12, 2013
Texas Children's Hospital
Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Caridad Martinez, Baylor College of Medicine

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of UCBT to treat patients with lymphoid hematological diseases and to see if this treatment can decrease the incidence of leukemia relapse, GVHD and infections.

These patients have a type of blood cell disorder that is very hard to cure. This treatment that is being used in this trial is known as a stem cell transplant. This treatment might help the patient live longer without the disease. It uses much stronger doses of drugs and radiation to kill the diseased cells that could be given without the transplant. We also think that the healthy cells from the donor may help fight any diseased cells left after the transplant.

For the transplant to take place, we will administer stem cells from a 'donor' whose cells best 'match' the patient's. In this study umbilical cords will be the source of the stem cells. Before the transplant, two very strong drugs plus total body irradiation will be given to as preconditioning. This treatment will kill most of your blood-forming cells in the bone marrow. The patient will then get then healthy stem cells.

If the patient has the disease in the central nervous system (CNS), they will receive radiation to the head and spine before starting the conditioning. This is to try to get disease control in the CNS. Radiation will not be given for children under 2 yrs old.

Currently, many umbilical cord blood units are available in public banks for transplantation in patients lacking bone marrow donors. UCB transplants (UCBT) may offer several advantages over adult bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplants, including:

  1. rapid availability,
  2. absence of donor risk,
  3. low risk of transmissible infectious diseases,
  4. low risk of acute GvHD (Graft vs. Host Disease)

The three main causes of death after umbilical cord blood transplantation for these kind of disorders are graft failure, infection and disease relapse.

In this study we are trying to address these three problems:

To help improve engraftment we will add the drug Fludarabine to Cytoxan and total body irradiation. Fludarabine is a very strong medicine. We will try to decrease infections and reduce leukemia relapse by using fludarabine instead of antithymocyte globulin (ATG).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lymphoid Hematological Malignancies Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant Drug: Cytoxan Drug: Fludarabine Radiation: Total Body Irradiation (TBI) Procedure: Cord Blood Stem Cell Infusion Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

After the eligible criterion for treatment has been met and a suitable UCB stem donor has been found, the patient will have a central line placed.

Research Therapy:

After placement of the central line, the following chemotherapy will be given to after admission to the hospital and before the infusion of the umbilical cord blood stem cells:

  • 9 - 6 days before the infusion: Total Body Irradiation (TBI) in two fractions ("doses") per days.
  • 5 - 2 days before the infusion: Cytoxan given daily for 4 days, over 1 hour as an intravenous infusion. Mesna will be given per standards. Mesna is a drug given to decrease the side effects of Cytoxan. It will be given daily as an intravenous infusion while the patient receives the Cytoxan.
  • 4 - 2 days before the infusion: Fludarabine given daily for 3 days over 1 hour as an intravenous infusion.

Stem cell transplant (intravenous infusion of the UCB stem cells) - defined as day 0 of the treatment. All other "numbered" days relate to this infusion date. For example, Day 1 is the first day after the stem cell transplant.

The following medications will be given to help decrease side effects from the chemotherapy and UCB infusion: Cyclosporine A (CSA) will be given starting 3 days prior to the stem cell infusion. It will be given daily over 2 hours every 12 hours, after the infusion and then tapered if no GVHD is present.

Administration of Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) will start on the day the stem cell infusion is completed and will continue daily for 45 days, unless the patient develops GvHD.

Intravenous immunoglobulin's (IVIG) will be given monthly until GVHD therapy is stopped and there is evidence that the patient's body is producing antibodies.

Study Evaluations: Various study evaluations will be performed before and during the trial.

Follow Up: After year 1, the patient will be asked to return to the clinic once a year for consultations and bone marrow tests. A follow up bone marrow biopsy and aspirate will be done 1 and 2 years after transplant. Consultations with specialists will be similar to the ones the patient had before the transplant.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant for Children With Lymphoid Hematological Malignancies (UCALL)
Study Start Date : November 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant Treatment Plan
Cytoxan, Fludarabine, Total Body Irradiation (TBI), Cord Blood Stem Cell Infusion
Drug: Cytoxan
50 mg/kg/dose will be given IV on day -5,-4, -3, -2 over 1 hour. The total dose to be given over 4 days is 200 mg/kg.
Other Name: Cyclophophamide

Drug: Fludarabine
40mg/m2/day will be given IV over 1 hour on day -4, -3, -2
Other Name: Fludara

Radiation: Total Body Irradiation (TBI)
1.75Gy/fraction will be given on day -9, -8, -7, -6

Procedure: Cord Blood Stem Cell Infusion
The cord blood stem cells will be infused on day 0

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival at 1 year after UCB transplant in pediatric patients [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    To determine the survival rate at 1 year after umbilical cord blood transplant in pediatric patients with lymphoid hematological malignancies

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of Platelet Count Recovery [ Time Frame: Day 42 ]
    To assess platelet recovery at day 42 post transplant

  2. Number of participants with severe acute GVHD grade III-IV as an assessment of safety [ Time Frame: Day 100 ]
    To estimate the risk of severe grade III-IV acute GvHD at day 100.

  3. Number of participants with chronic GvHD as an assessment of safety [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    To estimate the risk of chronic GvHD at 1 year

  4. Assess relapse rate after transplant [ Time Frame: 1 and 3 years ]
    To assess relapse rate at 1 and 3 years after transplant.

  5. Assessment of neutrophil count recovery [ Time Frame: Day 42 ]
    To assess neutrophil count recovery at day 42 post transplant

  6. To evaluate cell recovery and function [ Time Frame: day 100, 6, 12, and 24 months ]
    To evaluate T/B/NK cell recovery and function at day 100, 6, 12, and 24 months after transplant.

  7. Assess leukemia free survival [ Time Frame: 1 and 3 years ]
    To assess leukemia free survival at 1 and 3 years.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Potential recipients of umbilical cord blood transplantation (i.e. HLA (human leukocyte antigen) matched or mismatched / related or unrelated) with a lymphoid hematologic malignancy (acute lymphoblastic leukemia, hodgkin/non-hodgkin lymphoma) unlikely to be cure by standard chemotherapy. This includes patients who have relapsed after standard chemotherapy treatments and patients in first remission with unfavorable prognostics features.
  • Related or Unrelated Umbilical Cord Blood Unit with 0-1 antigen mismatch, Total Nucleated cell dose of greater than or equal to 4 x 10^7/kg.
  • Lansky/Karnofsky scores greater than or equal to 60
  • Negative pregnancy test (if applicable)
  • Written informed consent and/or signed assent line from patient, parent or guardian.


  • Patients with uncontrolled infections. For bacterial infections, patients must be receiving definitive therapy and have no signs of progressing infection for 72 hours prior to enrollment. For fungal infections patients must be receiving definitive systemic antifungal therapy and have no signs of progressing infection for 1 week prior to enrollment. Progressing infection is defined as hemodynamic instability attributable to sepsis or new symptoms, worsening physical signs or radiographic findings attributable to infection. Persisting fever without other signs or symptoms will not be interpreted as progressing infection.
  • Severe renal disease (Creatinine > x 3 normal for age)
  • Severe hepatic disease (direct bilirubin > 3 mg/dl or SGOT (Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase) > 500)
  • Patient has DLCO (Diffusing Capacity of the Lung for Carbon Monoxide) < 50% predicted or FEV1 (Forced expiratory volume ) < 50% of predicted, if applicable
  • Patients with symptomatic cardiac failure unrelieved by medical therapy or evidence of significant cardiac dysfunction by echocardiogram (shortening fraction<20%).
  • HIV positive

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01247688

Sponsors and Collaborators
Baylor College of Medicine
Texas Children's Hospital
Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Caridad A Martinez, MD Baylor College of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Robert A Krance, MD Baylor College of Medicine

Responsible Party: Caridad Martinez, Assistant Professor, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine Identifier: NCT01247688     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 26336-UCALL
First Posted: November 24, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 12, 2013
Last Verified: December 2013

Keywords provided by Caridad Martinez, Baylor College of Medicine:
hematologic malignancy
Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant
Total Body Irradiation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fludarabine phosphate
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists