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Sunitinib and Atrial Trabeculae Contractility (SCAR)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
G. Rongen, Radboud University Identifier:
First received: November 22, 2010
Last updated: April 30, 2014
Last verified: April 2014


Recently, sunitinib (a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is used for treatment of metastatic renal carcinoma and gastrointestinal stroma tumors) has been associated with development of heart failure, possibly by off-target inhibition of AMP-protein kinase. The investigators hypothesize that sunitinib reduces the contractile ability of myocardium and the tolerance against ischemia-reperfusion and that activators of AMP-protein kinase such as atorvastatin and AICAR reverse this unwanted effect of sunitinib.


The primary objective of the study is to investigate the effect of sunitinib on ex-vivo atrial contractile force in absence and presence of ischemia-reperfusion.

A secondary objective is to explore if atorvastatin or AICAR prevent sunitinib-induced deterioration of contractile function of human atrial trabeculas. Study design: Lab

Heart Failure

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Official Title: The Influence of Sunitinib on Contractility of Human Atrial Trabeculae

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Radboud University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Force [ Time Frame: 200 minutes ]
    The developed force in ex vivo atrial trabeculae during standardized stimulation.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Speed [ Time Frame: 200 minutes ]
    The difference in averaged maximal speed of tension reduction during relaxation between two trabeculae

  • Maximal Speed [ Time Frame: 210 minutes ]
    The difference in averaged maximal speed of tension development during contraction between two trabeculae.

Biospecimen Retention:   None Retained
Atrial tissue

Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: November 2010
Study Completion Date: April 2014
Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
With/without sunitinib
Two trabeculas will be isolated and one will be exposed to sunitinib and the other to normal buffer solution. Both will be stimulated to contraction during 200 minutes.
With/without sunitinib IP
Two trabeculas will be isolated and one will be exposed to sunitinib and the other to normal buffer solution. Both will be stimulated to contraction and ischemia/reperfusion

Detailed Description:
Study population: 44 (+22) patients undergoing CABG cardiac surgery with extracorporal circulation Intervention (if applicable): none (pharmacological interventions will only be performed ex-vivo in isolated atrial tissue) Main study parameters/endpoints The developed force in ex vivo atrial trabeculas during standardized stimulation.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
44 patients undergoing cardiac surgery with extracorporal circulation

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cardiac surgery with extracorporal circulation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of oral antiarrhythmics
  • theophylline use
  • Use of sulfonylureas
  • Atrial arrythmias
  • Right ventricular failure
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01246778

Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre
Nijmegen, Netherlands, 6500HB
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radboud University
Principal Investigator: G. A. Rongen Radboud University
  More Information

Responsible Party: G. Rongen, Prof. dr. Rongen, Radboud University Identifier: NCT01246778     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SCAR
Study First Received: November 22, 2010
Last Updated: April 30, 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Radiation Injuries
Wounds and Injuries
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors processed this record on May 24, 2017