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Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate (BMAC) for Treatment of Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01245335
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 22, 2010
Last Update Posted : December 15, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Harvest Technologies

Brief Summary:
Critical Limb Ischemia prevents the legs and feet from receiving oxygen and nutrients needed for proper function. This severe lack of blood flow can lead to painful legs while walking or at rest and can result in foot sores, ulcers, gangrene, and even amputation. The purpose of this study is to determine if injections of concentrated bone marrow into damaged tissues will result in improved blood flow. If successful, this treatment could improve blood flow to the lower limb, reduce pain, and reduce the frequency of limb amputations.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Critical Limb Ischemia Device: BMAC injection Device: Placebo injection Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Bone marrow aspirate is collected and processed by centrifugation to remove red blood cells. The resulting concentrate of cells is injected into ischemic tissues of the lower limb. The purpose of this study is to determine if injections of concentrated bone marrow nucleated cells into ischemic tissues will result in vasculogenesis.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 97 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pivotal Study of the Safety and Effectiveness of Autologous Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate (BMAC) for the Treatment of Critical Limb Ischemia Due to Peripheral Arterial Disease
Study Start Date : May 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: BMAC Treatment
Intervention- Injection of 40 ml of autologous bone marrow concentrate (BMAC injection) prepared with the SmartPReP2 BMAC System
Device: BMAC injection
Injection of 40 ml of autologous bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC injection) prepared with the SmartPReP2 BMAC System

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Injection
Injection of placebo (diluted peripheral blood) into ischemic tissue of the lower extremity
Device: Placebo injection
Injection of placebo into ischemic tissue of the lower extremity

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Amputation Free Survival [ Time Frame: Six Months ]
    Survival without a major (above the ankle) amputation

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change In Rutherford Classification [ Time Frame: Six Months ]
    Change in the subjects clinical status as measured by Rutherford Classification

  2. Change in Pain [ Time Frame: Six Months ]
    Change in Subjects perception of pain as measured on a 100 mm visual analog scale

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease (PAOD) with clinical Rutherford Category 5 disease, as defined in the reporting standards adopted by the Society of Vascular Surgeons(table 1); Minor Tissue loss-focal gangrene with diffuse pedal ischemia
  • Patient meets at least one of the following diagnostic criteria in the study limb:

    • Ankle artery occlusion pressure absolute ≤60 mmHg or ABI ≤0.6
    • Toe artery occlusive pressure < 50mm Hg or TBI ≤0.6
  • There is no reasonable open surgical or endovascular revascularization option as determined by the treating vascular specialist. Factors that may contribute to the determination of inoperability may include:

    • Anatomical considerations
  • No outflow targets
  • No appropriate conduit (i.e. vein for bypass)
  • Long segment occlusions or calcified lesions that predict poor outcome with endovascular approaches.

    • High risk medical conditions i.e. Unstable cardiac disease.
    • History of prior failed revascularization attempts
  • The Patient's case was reviewed at the treating institution's Multidisciplinary Vascular Conference where the patient's status as a poor candidate for conventional therapies was confirmed.
  • Age ≥18 years and ability to understand the planned treatment
  • Subject has read and signed the IRB approved Informed Consent form
  • Patients for whom the following medication(s) is prescribed must have a one month stable baseline therapy prior to enrollment: Plavix/asprin therapy, anticoagulation therapy, cholesterol lowering agent, and or blood pressure medication. If any of these medications are not prescribed notation of the reason for omission is to be provided.
  • Hematocrit ≥ 28.0%, White Blood Cell count ≤ 14,000, Platelet count ≥ 50,000, Creatinine ≤ 2.5 mg / dL, INR ≤ 1.6 unless on Coumadin, or PTT <1.5 x control (to avoid bleeding complications) Patients on Coumadin will be corrected prior to the procedure and must have an INR<1.6 at the time of randomization/surgery.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Life expectancy <6 months due to concomitant illnesses
  • History of bone marrow diseases (especially NHL, MDS) that prohibit transplantation
  • Terminal renal failure with existing dependence on dialysis or serum creatinine >2.5 mg/dL
  • Known active malignancy or results outside of normal limits from the following tests: PAP, Chest X-ray, PSA, Mammogram, Hemocult unless follow-up studies reveal patient to be cancer free.
  • Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (HgbA1C>10%)
  • Medical risk that precludes anesthesia (conscious sedation), or ASA Class 5
  • Life-threatening complications of the ischemia necessitating immediate amputation
  • Uncorrected occlusion of the common or external iliac artery on index side
  • Absence of any pulsatile Doppler flow below the ankle.
  • Extensive necrosis of the index limb or other conditions that make amputation inevitable (Rutherford Category 6).
  • Ulceration with exposed bone proximal to the distal metatarsal heads (ie. heel or mid foot)
  • Active clinical infection or infection being treated by antibiotics within one week of enrollment
  • Treatment with immunosuppressant drugs (including Prednisone > 5 mg per day).
  • Female who is pregnant or nursing, or of child bearing potential and is not using a reliable birth control method.
  • Underwent a major open cardiovascular surgical procedure (carotid endarterectomy, arterial aneurysm or bypass surgery, or coronary artery bypass surgery) or a myocardial infarction within the 3 months prior to randomization
  • Underwent a successful or partially successful endovascular intervention for peripheral arterial occlusive disease. (ie. Aorta, iliac, femoral, popliteal, or tibial artery angioplasty, stenting, or atherectomy) within the prior 3 months.
  • Endovascular coronary intervention (ie. Angioplasty, atherectomy, stenting) within 1 month prior to randomization.
  • Underwent a failed attempt for endovascular revascularization during the prior 1 month. For the purpose of this exclusion criteria an endovascular procedure is considered a failure if:

    1. The procedure is diagnostic only with no intervention performed, (for example in the case where wire crossing can not be obtained).
    2. The treated artery recoils, thromboses, or dissects resulting in occlusion of the treated arterial segment, documented by intraoperative imaging. Note that endovascular procedures with suboptimal results but not meeting criteria 1 or 2 above may qualify for inclusion after 3 months as in #16 above.
  • Cerebrovascular accident within 6 months prior to randomization.
  • Treatment with topical growth factors or hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) within 30 days, or systemic growth factor treatment within 6 months of enrollment.
  • Known hypersensitivity to heparin; or history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01245335

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Harvest Technologies
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Principal Investigator: Mark Iafrati, MD Tufts Medical Ctr
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Responsible Party: Harvest Technologies Identifier: NCT01245335    
Other Study ID Numbers: CLI-2011-1
First Posted: November 22, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 15, 2015
Last Verified: December 2015
Keywords provided by Harvest Technologies:
Critical Limb Ischemia
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Stem Cells
Limb amputation
Leg ulcers
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Peripheral Arterial Disease
Pathologic Processes
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Peripheral Vascular Diseases