Efficacy of Antituberculous Therapy in Management of Sarcoidosis
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Rifampicin and Isoniazid Along With Prednisolone Compared to Prednisolone Alone in Treatment of Sarcoidosis: a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial|
- Remission rates [ Time Frame: Three months ]
- Relapse rates in the two groups [ Time Frame: six and 12 months after completion of treatment ]
- Treatment related adverse effects in the two groups. [ Time Frame: Through out ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Glucocorticoid arm
Prednisolone 0.75 mg/kg/day for 6 weeks (maximum 60 mg) Prednisolone 0.5 mg/kg/day for 6 weeks (maximum 40 mg) Prednisolone 0.25 mg/kg/day for 6 months (maximum 20 mg) Taper over the next three months Prednisolone 0.25 mg/kg EOD for 15 days Prednisolone 0.125 mg/kg EOD for 15 days Then taper by 5 mg every 15 days to complete one year
Drug: Antituberculous therapy along with steroids
INH (300 mg/day) plus Rifampicin (450 mg/day if wt.<50 kg and 600 mg/day if wt. >50 kg) for six months Prednisolone 1 mg/kg/day for 6 weeks (maximum 80 mg) Prednisolone 0.75 mg/kg/day for 6 weeks (maximum 60 mg) Prednisolone 0.5 mg/kg/day for 3 months (maximum 40 mg) Prednisolone 0.25 mg/kg/day for 3 months (maximum 20 mg) Taper over the next three months Prednisolone 0.25 mg/kg EOD for 15 days Prednisolone 0.125 mg/kg EOD for 15 days Then taper by 5 mg every 15 days to complete one year
Sarcoidosis has evolved from the position of a disease of relative obscurity in the tropics, towards an increasing recognition and reporting from India and around. From the time sarcoidosis has been described, there has always been a belief that the disease is in some way related to tuberculosis. However, the inability to identify mycobacteria by histologic staining or culture from pathologic tissues continues to be one of the strongest arguments against a potential role for mycobacteria. Of late, molecular analysis (such as polymerase chain reaction [PCR] techniques) for nucleic acids of the putative agents serves as an alternative method for isolating fastidious organisms. A recent meta-analysis suggested a 30% prevalence rate of mycobacterial DNA in sarcoid samples but the individual studies reported detection rates from 0-50%. Moreover, most of these studies were published from countries with low prevalence for tuberculosis. If indeed mycobacteria are etiologically linked to sarcoidosis then the detection rates for mycobacterial DNA in sarcoid samples would be higher in countries with high prevalence of TB. In a recent prospective case-control study aimed at detection of mycobacterial DNA in patients with sarcoidosis from India, reinforced the hypothesis by showing mycobacterial DNA with PCR for 65 kDa protein gene in 48% of samples (BAL or biopsy) from freshly diagnosed patients of sarcoidosis.
There are numerous factors that favor mycobacteria being a trigger for sarcoidosis. These include histopathological appearances of the granulomas 15, reports of mycobacterial disease either existing coincidentally, succeeding or antedating sarcoidosis and the finding of mycobacteria in occasional granulomas of sarcoidosis.Passage experiments have also suggested that mycobacteria with characteristics of M. tuberculosis may be the incriminating agent.Recent studies on humoral immunity to mycobacterial antigens from sarcoidosis patients have renewed interest in a potential of mycobacteria in sarcoidosis. It has been shown that mycobacterial ESAT-6 and katG are recognized by sarcoidosis CD4+ T cells when presented by known sarcoidosis susceptibility allele, DRB1*1101. It is possible that the presence of mycobacterial infection or BCG vaccination in genetically predisposed host may be involved in the development of autoimmunity.It has also been suggested that the organism might exist in a cell wall deficient L-form and may be difficult to isolate.
This possible link not only has implications in the differential diagnosis of the two common conditions, it may also have some therapeutic implications. Reactivation of tuberculosis after cortico-steroid treatment is instituted for sarcoidosis is a genuine concern, given the high prevalence of latent infection in our country. If indeed tuberculosis is a causal factor in sarcoidosis, then the hypothesis can be further reinforced, if anti-tubercular therapy (ATT) is useful in treatment of sarcoidosis. Very few trials have been conducted in the past but the results of these trials have been discouraging. These trials were generally small studies and limited by time bias and used older regimens based on isoniazid, amino-salicylic acid and streptomycin. In our experience nearly one third of patients who are finally diagnosed to have sarcoidosis, have received ATT for variable length of time, but its impact of final outcome of sarcoidosis has not been studied.
The aim of this prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Rifampicin and Isoniazid along with prednisolone compared to prednisolone alone in treatment of Sarcoidosis.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01245036
|Deaprtment of Pulmonary Medicine, PGIMER|
|Chandigarh, India, 160012|
|Principal Investigator:||Dheeraj Gupta||PGIMER, Chandigarh|