Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy for the Treatment of Ischemic Heart Disease

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified February 2013 by Medispec.
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Universität Duisburg-Essen
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: November 15, 2010
Last updated: February 17, 2013
Last verified: February 2013

Low intensity shockwaves have been proven in animal studies to induce local growth of new blood vessels from existing ones.

The hypothesis of this study is that shockwave therapy could improve the symptoms of patients with refractory angina not amenable to revascularization with angioplasty or bypass surgery.

Condition Intervention Phase
Refractory Angina Pectoris
Device: Cardiac Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy generator (Cardiospec)
Device: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Placebo Controlled, Double Blind Clinical Trial Evaluating the Treatment of Patients With Refractory Angina Pectoris With Low Intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy Device

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Medispec:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Total Exercise Time [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The primary efficacy endpoint is the change in maximal stress exercise capacity using the modified Bruce exercise test from baseline to the 6 months post-baseline assessment.

  • The incidence of adverse events at 12 months post treatment [ Time Frame: 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Incidence of patient complications, adverse reactions and rise in cardiac enzymes, blood count, platelate count renal and hepatic function, and Troponin levels, as well as E.C.G. changes, 12 months post treatment.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change in the SAQ from baseline to 3 months post-treatment or to the last visit for patients who terminate prematurely

  • Change in AP-CCS [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The AP CCS Stage at the 6 months post-baseline, or to the last visit for patients who terminate prematurely.

  • Change in the Number of angina attacks [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change in the number of angina attacks from baseline to 3 months post-treatment. The number of attacks per week will be documented.

  • Change in the Hospital Admission Rate [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change in the number of hospital admission from baseline to 3 months post-treatment. The number of attacks per week will be documented.

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: June 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2013
Primary Completion Date: August 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: A
A - Treatment group. Patients in this group receive actual shockwave therapy.
Device: Cardiac Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy generator (Cardiospec)
Energy Density - 0.09 mJ/mm2
Other Names:
  • Cardiospec
  • ESMR therapy
  • Extracorporeal Shockwave Myocardial Revascularization
Placebo Comparator: B
Placebo group. This group of patients undergo the same procedure as the treatment group, however shockwaves are not delivered to the heart.
Device: Placebo

Detailed Description:

Low intensity shockwaves (1/10 the ones used in Lithotripsy) are delivered to myocardial ischemic tissue. Shockwaves are created by a special generator and are focused using a shockwave applicator device. The treatment is guided by standard echocardiography equipment. The shockwaves are delivered in synchronization with Patient R-wave to avoid arrhythmias. The treatment is painless.

At first, the patient undergoes Stress-Echocardiography testing to identify the hypokinetic areas (ischemic areas). Following that, the ischemic areas sre treated with shockwaves. Several treatments are required for optimal results.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is diagnosed with chronic stable angina pectoris. Diagnosis is based on medical history, complete physical evaluation.
  • Patient has documented myocardial segments with reversible ischemia.
  • Patient is classified in AP CCS of III-IV.
  • Patient should be on a stable dosage of medication used to treat angina for at least 6 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Patient demonstrates exercise tolerance capacity of no higher than 125 W on a modified Bruce treadmill exercise test until presence of clinical symptoms (i.e. angina, ST-depression).
  • Patient demonstrates exercise tolerance time and stability averaging no more than 25% of each other (the tests will be performed within two weeks and at least a day different between the two).
  • Patient has documented epicardial coronary artery disease not amenable to angioplasty or CABG.
  • Patient has signed an IRB approved informed consent form.
  • Patient's condition should be stable and should have a life expectancy of >12 months. Patient's current and past medical condition and status will be assessed using previous medical history, physical evaluation, and the physicians (principle investigator's) medical opinion.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is pregnant
  • Patient has chronic lung disease including emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis.
  • Patient has active endocarditis, myocarditis or pericarditis.
  • Patient is simultaneously participating in another device or drug study, or has participated in any clinical trial involving an experimental device or drug, including other drugs or devices enhancing cardiac neovascularization, or any ESWT machine of a competitor company within 3 months of entry into the study.
  • Patients who are unwilling or unable to cooperate with study procedure
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01241968

Westdeutsches Herzzentrum ,Universität Duisburg/Essen
Essen, Germany
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universität Duisburg-Essen
Principal Investigator: Alexander Lind, MD Westdeutsches Herzzentrum ,Universität Duisburg/Essen
  More Information

Responsible Party: Medispec
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01241968     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ESMR-RCT-DE 
Study First Received: November 15, 2010
Last Updated: February 17, 2013
Health Authority: Germany: Ethics Commission

Keywords provided by Medispec:
Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy
Myocardial Ischemia
Refractory Angina

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Angina Pectoris
Cardiovascular Diseases
Chest Pain
Heart Diseases
Myocardial Ischemia
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Vascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 22, 2016