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Super-Selective Intraarterial Cerebral Infusion of Cetuximab (Erbitux) for Treatment of Relapsed/Refractory GBM and AA

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01238237
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 10, 2010
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John A. Boockvar, Northwell Health

Brief Summary:
The high-grade malignant brain tumors, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and anaplastic astrocytoma (AA), comprise the majority of all primary brain tumors in adults. Initial therapy consists of either surgical resection, external beam radiation or both. All patients experience a recurrence after first-line therapy, so improvements in both first-line and salvage therapy are critical to enhancing quality-of-life and prolonging survival. It is unknown if currently used intravenous (IV) therapies even cross the blood brain barrier (BBB). Superselective Intraarterial Cerebral Infusion (SIACI) is a technique that can effectively increase the concentration of drug delivered to the brain while sparing the body of systemic side effects. One currently used drug called, Cetuximab (Erbitux) has been shown to be active in human brain tumors but its actual CNS penetration is unknown. This phase I clinical research trial will test the hypothesis that Cetuximab can be safely used by direct intracranial superselective intraarterial infusion up to a dose of 500mg/m2 to ultimately enhance survival of patients with relapsed/refractory GBM/AA. By achieving the aims of this study the investigators will determine the the toxicity profile and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of SIACI Cetuximab. The investigators expect that this study will provide important information regarding the utility of SIACI Cetuximab therapy for malignant glioma, and may alter the way these drugs are delivered to the investigators patients in the near future.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) ANAPLASTIC ASTROCYTOMA (AOA) GBM Anaplastic Astrocytoma Drug: Superselective Intraarterial Cerebral Infusion of Cetuximab Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Trial of Super-Selective Intraarterial Cerebral Infusion of Cetuximab (Erbitux) for Treatment of Relapsed/Refractory Glioblastoma Multiforme and Anaplastic Astrocytoma
Study Start Date : December 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cetuximab Drug: Superselective Intraarterial Cerebral Infusion of Cetuximab
Intraarterial Mannitol 25% 3-10 ml to open the blood brain barrier followed by Intraarterial Cetuximab single dose (starting at 100mg/m2 and escalating up to 500mg/m2)
Other Name: Erbitux

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of superselective intracerebral intraarterial Cetuximab. [ Time Frame: 1 month post procedure ]
  2. descriptive frequency of subjects experiencing toxicities . [ Time Frame: throughout the study ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Composite overall response rate [ Time Frame: 12 month ]
  2. Six-month progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). [ Time Frame: throughout the study. ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patients of greater than or equal to 18 years of age.
  • Patients with a documented histologic diagnosis of relapsed or refractory (malignant tumors that recur or resist treatment) glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) or anaplastic mixed oligoastrocytoma (AOA).
  • Patients must have at least one confirmed and evaluable tumor site. A confirmed tumor site is one in which is biopsy-proven. NOTE: Radiographic procedures (e.g., Gd-enhanced MRI or CT scans) documenting existing lesions must have been performed within three weeks of treatment on this research study.
  • Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status greater than or equal to 60% (or the equivalent ECOG level of 0-2) (see Appendix A; Performance Status Evaluation) and an expected survival of greater than or equal to three months.
  • No chemotherapy for two weeks prior to treatment under this research protocol and no external beam radiation for two weeks prior to treatment under this research protocol.
  • Patients must have adequate hematologic reserve with WBC greater than or equal to 3000/mm3, absolute neutrophils greater than or equal to 1500/mm3 and platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/ mm3. Patients who are on Coumadin must have a platelet count of greater than or equal to 150,000/ mm3
  • Pre-enrollment chemistry parameters must show: bilirubin less than 1.5X the institutional upper limit of normal(IUNL); AST or ALT less than 2.5X IUNL and creatinine less than 1.5X IUNL.
  • Pre-enrollment coagulation parameters (PT and PTT) must be equal to or less than 1.5X the IUNL.
  • Concomitant Medications
  • Steroids Systemic corticosteroid therapy is permissible in patients with CNS tumors for treatment of increased intracranial pressure or symptomatic tumor edema. Patients with CNS tumors who are receiving dexamethasone must be on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 1 week prior to study entry. We do not believe that study procedures place subjects with increased intracranial pressure at any additional risk.
  • Study Specific Patients on enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants or non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants will be allowed on the study. Patients receiving proton pump inhibitor or H2 blockers will be allowed on study. Patients taking antacids will be allowed on study.
  • Patients must agree to use a medically effective method of contraception during and for a period of three months after the treatment period. A pregnancy test will be performed on each premenopausal female of childbearing potential immediately prior to entry into the research study.
  • Patients able to understand and give written informed consent and those patients that are cognitively impaired (which is common in GBM) are eligible for the trial. Informed consent must be obtained at the time of patient screening (prior to Day 0 of the procedure) either by the patient or a legalized authorized representative (LAR) of the patient ( health-care proxy).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who are pregnant or lactating.
  • Women of childbearing potential and fertile men will be informed as to the potential risk of procreation while participating in this research trial and will be advised that they must use effective contraception during and for a period of three months after the treatment period.
  • Patients with significant inter-current medical or psychiatric conditions that would place them at increased risk or affect their ability to receive or comply with treatment or post-treatment clinical monitoring.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01238237

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United States, New York
Lenox Hill Brain Tumor Center
New York, New York, United States, 10075
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwell Health
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Principal Investigator: John Boockvar, MD Feinstein Institute for Medical Research
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Responsible Party: John A. Boockvar, Director of Neurosurgery, Northwell Health Identifier: NCT01238237    
Other Study ID Numbers: 14-712
First Posted: November 10, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017
Keywords provided by John A. Boockvar, Northwell Health:
Glioblastoma Multiforme
Anaplastic Astrocytoma
High Grade Glial Neoplasms
Brain Tumor
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents