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Extension Study for the Evaluation of Finasteride in the Treatment of Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy (CSC-Ext)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01227993
First Posted: October 25, 2010
Last Update Posted: November 20, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) )
  Purpose

Background:

  • Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a disease in which fluid accumulates under the retina and can cause distorted vision. CSC often resolves on its own without treatment, but in chronic CSC the fluid persists and can lead to permanent visual loss. Chronic CSC may be partly caused by hormones called androgens.
  • Finasteride is a drug that can modulate the effects of androgens; currently it is marketed as a treatment for male pattern baldness and benign prostate enlargement. The results of a previous brief study suggest that finasteride is safe and may help reduce the effects of chronic CSC. However, more long-term data are needed to evaluate whether finasteride is a safe and effective treatment for chronic CSC.

Objectives:

- To collect more data on the safety and effectiveness of finasteride as a treatment for chronic central serous chorioretinopathy.

Eligibility:

- Individuals who previously participated in NCT00837252 (NIH protocol 09-EI-0075), Pilot Study for the Evaluation of Finasteride in the Treatment of Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy, and demonstrated clinical improvement on finasteride treatment.

Design:

  • The study requires 11 visits to the NEI outpatient clinic over 5 years, with visits occurring every 6 months. Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical examination, eye examination, and blood and urine tests.
  • At each visit, participants will receive a supply of finasteride pills to take every day and will need to bring any leftover finasteride pills to the following visit.
  • Participants will have eye examinations to test vision, eye pressure, eye movements, and retinal thickness. Additional eye examinations will evaluate the retina's sensitivity to light and study the blood vessels and flow of blood in the eyes.
  • Blood and urine samples will be taken throughout the study.
  • After the end of the study, participants may be able to speak to their doctor about continuing finasteride treatments with a prescription.

Condition Intervention Phase
Retinal Disease Drug: Finasteride Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Extension Study for the Evaluation of Finasteride in the Treatment of Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) ):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Best-corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) in the Study Eye at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
    Visual acuity was measured using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) protocol. Acuity is measured as letters read on an ETDRS eye chart and the letters read equate to Snellen measurements. For example, if a participant reads between 84 and 88 letters, the equivalent Snellen measurement is 20/20.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Best-corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) in the Fellow Eye at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
    Visual acuity was measured using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) protocol. Acuity is measured as letters read on an ETDRS eye chart and the letters read equate to Snellen measurements. For example, if a participant reads between 84 and 88 letters, the equivalent Snellen measurement is 20/20.

  • Change in Best-corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) in the Study Eye at One Year Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 1 year ]
    Visual acuity was measured using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) protocol. Acuity is measured as letters read on an ETDRS eye chart and the letters read equate to Snellen measurements. For example, if a participant reads between 84 and 88 letters, the equivalent Snellen measurement is 20/20.

  • Change in Best-corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) in the Fellow Eye at One Year Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 1 year ]
    Visual acuity was measured using the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) protocol. Acuity is measured as letters read on an ETDRS eye chart and the letters read equate to Snellen measurements. For example, if a participant reads between 84 and 88 letters, the equivalent Snellen measurement is 20/20.

  • Change in Serum Testosterone Levels at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
    The concentration of testosterone in blood serum was assessed from each participant at baseline and at two years. The mean change from baseline to two years is reported here in nanograms of testosterone per decaliter of serum.

  • Change in Serum DHT Levels at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
    The concentration of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in blood serum was assessed from each participant at baseline and at two years. The mean change from baseline to two years is reported here in picograms of DHT per milliliter of serum.

  • Change in 24-hour Urine Cortisol Levels at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
    The amount of cortisol found in urine was assessed from each participant at baseline and at two years. The mean change from baseline to two years is reported here in micrograms.

  • Change in Subretinal Fluid in the Study Eye as Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
  • Change in Subretinal Fluid in the Fellow Eye as Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
  • Change in Area of Leakage in the Study Eye as Observed on Fluorescein Angiography (FA) Imaging at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
  • Change in Area of Leakage in the Fellow Eye as Observed on Fluorescein Angiography (FA) Imaging at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
  • Change in Plaque Size in the Study Eye as Observed on Indocyanine Green (ICG) Imaging at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
  • Change in Plaque Size in the Fellow Eye as Observed on Indocyanine Green (ICG) Imaging at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
  • Change in Autofluorescence Patterns in the Study Eye as Observed on Fundus Autofluorescence (FAF) Imaging at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]
  • Change in Autofluorescence Patterns in the Fellow Eye as Observed on Fundus Autofluorescence (FAF) Imaging at Two Years Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline and 2 years ]

Enrollment: 3
Study Start Date: October 2010
Study Completion Date: June 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Finasteride
Participants are treated with 5 mg oral finasteride daily when they have clinically significant subretinal fluid accumulation, defined as any subretinal fluid in the macula with a volume of at least 0.1 microliter and causing visual change such as reduced acuity, metamorphopsia, or microperimetry deficits.
Drug: Finasteride
Other Names:
  • Proscar
  • Proprecia

Detailed Description:

Objective: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a choroidal disorder characterized by an accumulation of serous fluid under the retina. Although acute CSC tends to spontaneously resolve on its own with minimal sequelae, chronic CSC tends to persist and lead to irreversible visual loss. The pathogenesis of CSC is complex; however, systemic androgens may be involved. A recent study NCT00837252 (NIH protocol 09-EI-0075), "Pilot Study for the Evaluation of Finasteride in the Treatment of Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy," suggested that finasteride, an androgen modulating medication that is widely used in the treatment of various other conditions, may be efficacious as a treatment for chronic CSC. The objective of this study is to continue evaluation of participants in the completed NCT00837252 (NIH protocol 09-EI-0075) who clinically responded to treatment with finasteride.

Study Population: Up to five participants previously enrolled in NCT00837252 (NIH protocol 09-EI-0075) who demonstrated clinical improvement on finasteride treatment.

Design: This is a 5-year pilot extension study to allow participants who demonstrated clinical improvement with finasteride for chronic CSC to continue receiving finasteride as an off-label treatment. Study visits will occur every six months over the 5-year duration. Participants will receive finasteride when they have serous fluid present, unless deemed chronic non-responders (defined as serous fluid unchanged as compared to baseline or serous fluid stabilized with no further improvement while on finasteride treatment).

Outcome Measures: The primary outcome will be the change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at two years compared to baseline. Secondary outcome measures include the annual changes in BCVA, changes in subretinal fluid volume as measured on optical coherence tomography (OCT) (a 30% reduction in subretinal fluid from baseline is considered a "treatment success" by NEI standards), changes in leakage as observed on fluorescein angiography (FA), changes in plaque size as observed on indocyanine green angiography (ICG), changes in fundus autofluorescence patterns as observed on fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging, changes in microperimetry patterns, changes in serum levels of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), as well as changes in urine levels of cortisol.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Participant previously participated in NCT00837252 (NIH protocol 09-EI-0075), Pilot Study for the Evaluation of Finasteride in the Treatment of Chronic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy, and demonstrated clinical improvement, as indicated by a reduction in subretinal fluid as measured on OCT.

Participant has subretinal fluid present in the macula that has a volume of at least 0.1 microliter causing visual change (such as reduced acuity, metamorphopsia or microperimetry deficits) and warrants treatment.

Participant must understand and sign the protocol's informed consent document.

Participant agrees to take the appropriate precautions to ensure that persons who are pregnant, nursing or of childbearing potential do not handle the finasteride tablets. [All of the NCT00837252 (NIH protocol 09-EI-0075) participants were male given the male predilection of this disease.]

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Participant has abnormal liver function testing (LFT) as defined by elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels that are greater than twice the respective upper limits of normal (ULN) (i.e., ALT greater than 82 U/L and/or AST greater than 68 U/L). If a participant has ALT or AST levels greater than twice the ULN, the participant can be enrolled only if cleared by hepatology.

Participant is on steroid medication (oral, topical or inhaled).

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01227993


Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Catherine Meyerle, M.D. National Eye Institute (NEI)
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Eye Institute (NEI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01227993     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 110012
11-EI-0012
First Submitted: October 22, 2010
First Posted: October 25, 2010
Results First Submitted: July 2, 2013
Results First Posted: September 23, 2013
Last Update Posted: November 20, 2013
Last Verified: October 2013

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Eye Institute (NEI) ):
Central Serous Chorioretinopathy
Finasteride
Proscar
Retinal Eye Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Retinal Diseases
Central Serous Chorioretinopathy
Eye Diseases
Finasteride
5-alpha Reductase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Urological Agents