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TGF-(Beta) and Susceptibility to RSV

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01224691
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 20, 2010
Last Update Posted : July 1, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) )

Brief Summary:


  • Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a virus that causes respiratory tract infections, and is frequently responsible for hospital visits in infants and children. It can also trigger severe breathing problems for individuals who have asthma, but these infections are generally better tolerated in non-asthmatics. Some research suggests that lack of an efficient immune system response in people with asthma may make it difficult for the body to fight the effects of RSV.
  • Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-[beta]) is a chemical in the body that is more prevalent in the lungs of people with asthma and related respiratory disorders. More information is needed about the effects of TGF-[beta] and whether it makes individuals with asthma more prone to developing RSV. Researchers hope to use this information to determine possible treatments and therapies for individuals with asthma who contract RSV.


- To determine the possible role of TGF-[beta] in increased asthmatic susceptibility to RSV infection.


- Individuals between 18 and 60 years of age who are either healthy nonsmokers or mild asthmatics.


  • This study involves a screening visit and a study visit.
  • Participants will be screened with a medical history and physical examination, as well as blood samples and a pulmonary function test.
  • At the study visit, participants will receive mild anesthetic and have a bronchoscopy, in which researchers insert a bronchoscope through the participant s nose or mouth and into the lungs to examine the lungs and collect lung cells.
  • Participants will be contacted by a research team member 24 36 hours after the bronchoscopy to ask about any side effects from the procedure.

Condition or disease

Detailed Description:

This is a cross-sectional, controlled study designed to investigate whether Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-beta) mediates increased asthmatic epithelial susceptibility to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection by examining responses to RSV infection in epithelial cells cultured from asthmatic and non-asthmatic participants. Non-smoking healthy adults and mild asthmatics, aged 18-60 years old, will be recruited to participate. Potential participants will be prescreened and scheduled for a final eligibility visit that will include medical history review, vital signs, physical examination, blood draw, and pulmonary function tests (PFTs). After eligibility is confirmed, the participant will be scheduled for bronchoscopy. During the bronchoscopy, bronchial epithelia and alveolar macrophages will be obtained from the participant for analysis. Alveolar macrophages will be evaluated ex-vivo for inflammatory activity at baseline and after stimulation.

The primary objective of the laboratory analysis is to determine if TGF-beta mediates increased asthmatic epithelial susceptibility to RSV infection. The study has three aims which are interrelated: 1) To determine if asthmatic bronchial epithelia express more TGF-beta than normal epithelia; 2) to determine if RSV replication is greater in asthmatic epithelia than normal epithelia; and 3) to determine if TGF-beta mediates asthmatic bronchial epithelial susceptibility to RSV infections.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 118 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: The Role of TGF-Beta in Asthmatic Epithelial Cell Susceptibility to RSV Infection
Actual Study Start Date : March 19, 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary hypothesis for Aim 1 is that asthmatics: cultured epithelia will have higher TGF-Beta expression levels than non-asthmatics. [ Time Frame: analysis ]
    If En and Ea are the means of the logarithms of expression levels for the normal (non-asthmatic) and asthmatic populations, respectively, then the null hypothesis is H1,0: En = Ea and the one-sided alternative hypothesis is H1,0: En < Ea. This hypothesis will be tested with a one-sided, two-sample t-test.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Participants will be individuals from the Research Triangle Park (RTP) area in North Carolina (see Section 6.2.1 for Recruitment Methods). Participants will be between the ages of 18 and 60 years and will be 1) healthy non-asthmatics and 2) mild asthmatics defined by 2008 Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) criteria.@@@


  1. Male or female between 18 and 60 years of age
  2. Non-asthmatics and mild asthmatics as defined below:

    • Non-asthmatic must have no prior diagnosis of asthma, no history of health care utilization or medication use for asthma, no current symptoms, and Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second (FEV1) greater than or equal to 80% predicted.
    • Asthmatics must have physician-diagnosed asthma for at least one year and evidence of mild, persistent disease during the month prior to Visit 1 (based on 2008 GINA guidelines).

      a) Participants who are currently taking a controller medication must:

      i. use the equivalent to GINA Step 1 or 2 therapy; and

    ii. have controlled disease, as defined by:

    • daytime symptoms less than or equal to 2 times week, such as wheezing, tightness in the chest, shortness of breath, and cough,
    • no nocturnal symptoms;

      b) Participants who are not currently taking a controller must have:

      i.<TAB>daytime symptoms > 1 time a week but < 1 time a day, such as wheezing, tightness in the chest, shortness of breath, and cough;

    ii. nocturnal awakenings > 2 times a month but < 1 time a week;

    c) All asthmatic participants must have either:

    i.<TAB>Pre-bronchdilator FEV1 greater than or equal to 80% predicted and a positive methacholine challenge (PC20 less than or equal to 4 mg / ml); or

    ii.<TAB>Pre-bronchodilator FEV1 < 80% and post-bronchodilator FEV1 greater than or equal to 80% with significant bronchodilator reversibility (at least 12% or 200ml change in FEV1)

  3. Participants must be able to understand and provide written informed consent
  4. Participants must be able to travel to the CRU and the EPA


  1. Use of oral steroid treatment(s) within 30 days of Visit 1
  2. Acute asthma-related healthcare utilization within 30 days of Visit 1, such as ED visits, systemic corticosteroids, and nebulizer treatment for asthma exacerbation
  3. Known or suspected respiratory infections within 30 days of Visit 1, such as flu, pneumonia, severe cold, tuberculosis, or bronchitis
  4. Known or suspected viral infection within 30 days of Visit 1
  5. History of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease other than asthma
  6. History of immunological disease or current cancer
  7. Uncontrolled cardiovascular disease such as angina, prior myocardial infarction, stroke, and high cholesterol
  8. Cardiac malformations
  9. Pulmonary hypertension
  10. Bleeding disorders
  11. Facial deformity, major facial surgery
  12. Currently pregnant or breast feeding
  13. Current smoker, significant second-hand smoke exposure (defined by urine cotinine > 100 ng/ml at Visit 1 or Visit 2) or former smokers (defined by a history of smoking > 100 cigarettes)
  14. Insulin dependent diabetes
  15. Used any of the following medications within 30 days of Visit 1: oral corticosteroids, systemic immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs [e.g., Rituxan, Humira, Enbrel, Azathioprine (Imuran), Cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune, and SangCya), cyclophosphamide, TNF antagonists], anticoagulants (clopidogrel, heparin, enoxaparin and related drugs, coumadin), and sustained use (i.e. more than one dose per day for more than two days) of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (aspirin, ibuprofen, indomethacin) within seven days of bronchoscopy
  16. Allergy or history of adverse reactions to methacholine or lidocaine
  17. Severe asthma as defined by a history of intubation for unstable asthma
  18. Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, places the participant at undue risk for complications (e.g. from PFTs, fiberoptic bronchoscopy, bronchalveolar lavage and/or bronchial brushings)
  19. Temperature > 37.6 C; blood pressure < 90/50 mm Hg or blood pressure >170/95 mm Hg; pulse rate < 50 or > 100 beats/minute
  20. Body weight < 50 kg (<110 lbs)
  21. The following abnormal lab values (values obtained during clinical assessment):

    • Platelet count < 100,000 per 10(9)/L
    • White blood cells count < 3000 per 10(9)/L
    • Hematocrit < 35% for both female and male
    • Prothrombin Time (PT) / Abnormal International Normalized Ratio (INR) and partial prothromboplastin time (PTT) based on reference laboratory established reference ranges
    • Serum creatinine > 1.4 mg/dL

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01224691

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United States, North Carolina
NIEHS Clinical Research Unit (CRU)
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
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Principal Investigator: Stavros Garantziotis, M.D. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Identifier: NCT01224691    
Other Study ID Numbers: 110006
First Posted: October 20, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 1, 2022
Last Verified: March 16, 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: .It has not been decided yet if we will share the data

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) ):
Natural History
Healthy Volunteer
Respiratory Syncytial Virus
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Disease Susceptibility
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes