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Safety and Immunogenicity Study to Assess TDV, a Live Attenuated Tetravalent Vaccine for Prevention of Dengue Fever

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda ( Inviragen Inc. )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01224639
First received: October 9, 2010
Last updated: January 9, 2017
Last verified: January 2017
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety of Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine Candidate (TDV) (previously DENVax) in healthy adults when given as either a subcutaneous (SC) or intradermal (ID) injection at two dose levels (low and high). The vaccine will be given as two doses 90 days apart. Safety assessments include injection site evaluation and adverse events. The immune response generated after vaccination will be assessed up to 9 months after the first vaccination.

Condition Intervention Phase
Dengue Fever
Biological: TDV - Low Dose
Biological: TDV - High Dose
Biological: Placebo
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase I, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Dose-escalation Study to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of DENVax Vaccine in Healthy Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Takeda ( Inviragen Inc. ):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Local Injection Site Reaction by Severity [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after either of the vaccination given on Day 1 or 90 (Day 14 for first vaccination, Day 104 for second vaccination) ]
    Solicited local reactions were reported using a participant diary. Pain was categorized as Mild (aware of pain but it does not interfere with daily activity and no pain medication is taken); Moderate (aware of pain; there is interference with daily activity or it requires use of pain medication); Severe (aware of pain and it prevents daily activity), redness was categorized as Mild (greater than [>] 15 millimeter [mm]); Moderate as (15-30 mm); Severe (>30 mm), swelling was categorized as Mild (<15 mm); Moderate (15-30 mm); Severe (>30 mm), and itching was categorized as Mild (slight itching at injection site); Moderate (moderate itching at injection extremity); Severe (itching over entire body).

  • Number of Participants With Systemic Adverse Events (AEs) by Severity [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after either of the vaccination given on Day 1 or 90 (Day 14 for first vaccination, Day 104 for second vaccination) ]
    Solicited systemic AEs were reported using a participant diary. Solicited systemic AEs included fever (>= 37.8°C), headache, muscle pain, joint pain, eye pain, photophobia, fatigue, body rash, nausea, vomiting and other (any other symptom not listed in the diary) and were categorized as Mild: transient symptoms, discomfort noticed but easily tolerated, no interference to normal daily activities; Moderate: marked symptoms, moderate interference with daily activities; Severe: considerable interference with daily activities.

  • Number of Participants With Solicited Local and Systemic AEs [ Time Frame: Within 14 days after either of the vaccination given on Day 1 or 90 (Day 14 for first vaccination, Day 104 for second vaccination) ]
  • Number of Participants With Unsolicited Local and Systemic AEs [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 30 days after second vaccination (Day 120) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Geometric Mean Neutralizing Antibody Titers (GMTs) of All Four Dengue Serotypes After First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Days 14, 30, 60 and 90 after first vaccination ]
    GMT was assessed for the four dengue serotypes: Dengue TDV-1, TDV-2, TDV-3 and TDV-4. GMTs and 95 percent (%) confidence interval (CIs) were calculated by taking the anti-logs of the means and 95% CI of the log transformed titers.

  • GMTs of All Four Dengue Serotypes After Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Days 14 and 30 after second vaccination (Day 104 and 120 respectively) ]
    GMT was assessed for the four dengue serotypes: TDV-1, TDV-2, TDV-3 and TDV-4. GMTs and 95% CIs were calculated by taking the anti-logs of the means and 95% CI of the log transformed titers.

  • Rate of Seroconversion to Each of Four Dengue Serotypes After the First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Days 14, 30, 60 and 90 after first vaccination ]
    Seroconversion was defined as a Plaque Reduction Neutralization Test (PRNT) titer resulting in 50% reduction in plaques (PRNT[50]) >=10 (if the pre-vaccination PRNT[50] value was <10, indicated as a value of 5 in the immunogenicity data collection sheet) OR a PRNT(50) value that was >=4-fold the pre-vaccination titer value (if the pre-vaccination PRNT[50] value was >=10). Seroconversion was assessed for the four dengue serotypes: TDV-1, TDV-2, TDV-3 and TDV-4. The 95% CIs for percentages are the exact CIs (%) based upon the binomial distribution. Percentages are based on the number of participants in the FAS with non-missing MN assay samples at each visit.

  • Rate of Seroconversion to Each of Four Dengue Serotypes After the Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Days 14 and 30 after second vaccination (Days 104 and 120 respectively) ]
    Seroconversion was defined as a PRNT titer resulting in 50% reduction in plaques (PRNT[50]) >=10 (if the pre-vaccination PRNT[50] value was <10, indicated as a value of 5 in the immunogenicity data collection sheet) OR a PRNT(50) value that was >=4-fold the pre-vaccination titer value (if the pre-vaccination PRNT[50] value was >=10). Seroconversion was assessed for the four dengue serotypes: TDV-1, TDV-2, TDV-3 and TDV-4. The 95% CIs for percentages are the exact CIs (%) based upon the binomial distribution. Percentages are based on the number of participants in the FAS with non-missing MN assay samples at each visit (n).

  • Percentage of Participants With Durability of Immune Response [ Time Frame: Days 180 and 270 ]
    Immune response was considered durable if the participant had detectable neutralizing antibodies (seroconversion) to all 4 dengue serotypes at 90 and 180 days after the second dose (i.e. Days 180 and 270, respectively). Seroconversion is defined as post-vaccination PRNT(50) titer >=10 where pre-vaccination PRNT 50 titer <10, or post-vaccination PRNT(50) Titer >=4-fold the pre-vaccination PRNT(50) titer value where pre-vaccination PRNT(50) titer >=10. Percentage of participants with seroconversion on Days 180 and 270 are based on the number of participants in the FAS with non-missing MN assay samples at each visit. The 95% CIs for percentages are the exact CIs (%) based upon the binomial distribution.

  • Number of Participants Positive for Vaccine Viremia for Each of the Four Vaccine Strain Serotypes After the First and Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Baseline and at multiple time points up to Day 14 after each vaccination ]
    Serotype-specific vaccine viremia was assessed for the four vaccine strain serotypes: TDV-1, TDV-2, TDV-3 and TDV-4. Only those serotypes and time-points where at least 1 participant had serotype-specific vaccine viremia detection were reported.

  • Duration of Vaccine Viremia [ Time Frame: 14 Days after each vaccination ]
  • Titers of Vaccine Viremia [ Time Frame: 14 Days after each vaccination ]

Enrollment: 96
Study Start Date: October 2010
Study Completion Date: November 2011
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1: Low Dose; SC
TDV-1: 8 x 10^3 Plaque Forming Units (PFU), TDV-2: 5 x 10^3 PFU, TDV-3: 1 x 10^4 PFU, TDV-4: 2 x 10^5 PFU or placebo administered subcutaneously on Days 0 and 90. Dose volume is 0.5 mL.
Biological: TDV - Low Dose
TDV is a tetravalent dengue vaccine comprised of four recombinant, live attenuated dengue virus strains: TDV-1, TDV-2, TDV-3 and TDV-4. Low dose contains: TDV-1: 8 x 10^3 PFU, TDV-2: 5 x 10^3 PFU, TDV-3: 1 x 10^4 PFU, and TDV-4: 2 x 10^5 PFU, total virus per dose 2.2 x 10^5 PFU
Other Name: Live attenuated tetravalent dengue vaccine
Experimental: Group 2: Low Dose; ID
TDV-1: 8 x 10^3 PFU, TDV-2: 5 x 10^3 PFU, TDV-3: 1 x 10^4 PFU, TDV-4: 2 x 10^5 PFU or placebo administered intradermally on Days 0 and 90. Dose volume is 0.1 mL.
Biological: TDV - Low Dose
TDV is a tetravalent dengue vaccine comprised of four recombinant, live attenuated dengue virus strains: TDV-1, TDV-2, TDV-3 and TDV-4. Low dose contains: TDV-1: 8 x 10^3 PFU, TDV-2: 5 x 10^3 PFU, TDV-3: 1 x 10^4 PFU, and TDV-4: 2 x 10^5 PFU, total virus per dose 2.2 x 10^5 PFU
Other Name: Live attenuated tetravalent dengue vaccine
Experimental: Group 3: High Dose; SC
TDV-1: 2 x 10^4 PFU, TDV-2: 5 x 10^4 PFU, TDV-3: 1 x 10^5 PFU, TDV-4: 3 x 10^5 PFU or placebo administered subcutaneously on Days 0 and 90. Dose volume is 0.5 mL.
Biological: TDV - High Dose
TDV is a tetravalent dengue vaccine comprised of four recombinant, live attenuated dengue virus strains: TDV-1, TDV-2, TDV-3 and TDV-4. High dose contains TDV-1: 2 x 10^4 PFU, TDV-2: 5 x 10^4 PFU, TDV-3: 1 x 10^5 PFU, and TDV-4: 3 x 10^5 PFU, total virus per dose : 4.7 x 10^5 PFU. TDV administered intradermally.
Other Name: Live attenuated tetravalent dengue vaccine
Experimental: Group 4: High Dose; ID
TDV-1: 2 x 10^4 PFU, TDV-2: 5 x 10^4 PFU, TDV-3: 1 x 10^5 PFU, TDV-4: 3 x 10^5 PFU or placebo administered intradermally on Days 0 and 90. Dose volume is 0.1 mL.
Biological: TDV - High Dose
TDV is a tetravalent dengue vaccine comprised of four recombinant, live attenuated dengue virus strains: TDV-1, TDV-2, TDV-3 and TDV-4. High dose contains TDV-1: 2 x 10^4 PFU, TDV-2: 5 x 10^4 PFU, TDV-3: 1 x 10^5 PFU, and TDV-4: 3 x 10^5 PFU, total virus per dose : 4.7 x 10^5 PFU. TDV administered intradermally.
Other Name: Live attenuated tetravalent dengue vaccine
Placebo Comparator: Placebo (SC)
Phosphate buffered saline administered subcutaneously in a volume of 0.5 mL.
Biological: Placebo
Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS)
Other Name: PBS
Placebo Comparator: Placebo (ID)
Phosphate buffered saline administered intradermally in a dose volume of 0.1 mL.
Biological: Placebo
Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS)
Other Name: PBS

Detailed Description:
This is a single center, placebo-controlled, randomized study assessing the safety and tolerability of two dose levels (low and high) of TDV administered subcutaneously or intradermally in two doses separated by an interval of 90 days. Initial dosing of low dose cohort will be performed and Day 21 safety assessed prior to administration of second dose to low dose cohort on Day 90 and initial dosing of high dose cohort. Day 21 safety for the high dose cohort will be assessed prior to administration of second dose for this cohort. Safety (local injection site reactions and solicited and unsolicited adverse events) will be assessed through Day 120 post-first (1 month after the second dose). Immunogenicity will be assessed at specified time points up to Day 120 post-prime (1 month after the second dose) and again on Days 180 and 270 (6 and 9 months post-first).
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Is male or female aged 18 to 45 years, inclusive, at time of screening.
  • Is in good health as determined by medical history, physical examination, and clinical safety laboratory examinations.
  • Has body mass index (BMI) in the range 18-27 kilogram per square meter (kg/m^2).
  • Has negative serology for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis C antibody, and Hepatitis B surface antigen.
  • Females of child bearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test result during screening and a negative urine pregnancy test immediately prior to vaccination and be willing to use oral, implantable, transdermal or injectable contraceptives or another reliable means of contraception approved by the Investigator (intrauterine device, female condom, diaphragm with spermicidal, cervical cap, use of condom by the sexual partner or a sterile sexual partner, or abstinence) from screening until after the last blood sample (at Day 270).
  • Is willing and able to give written informed consent to participate.
  • Is willing and able to communicate with the Investigator and understand the requirements of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has any condition which would limit the participant's ability to complete the study.
  • Clinically significant hematological, renal, hepatic, pulmonary, central nervous system, cardiovascular or gastrointestinal disorders.
  • Has abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG).
  • Has febrile illness (temperature greater than or equal to (>=) 38 degree Celsius (°C) or 100.4 degree Fahrenheit (°F) or moderate or severe acute illness or infection within three days of vaccination.
  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • Has allergy to penicillin, neomycin, streptomycin or gentamicin.
  • Hypersensitivity to any vaccine.
  • Seropositivity to any of the four dengue serotypes (TDV-1, TDV-2, TDV-3 or TDV-4), yellow fever (YF) virus or West Nile (WN) virus.
  • Has previous vaccination (in a clinical trial or with an approved product) against flaviviruses including dengue, YF or WN.
  • Has planned vaccination against YF throughout the duration of this study.
  • Has receipt of any vaccine in the 4 weeks preceding the first trial vaccination.
  • Planned receipt of any vaccine in the 4 weeks following each of the vaccinations in this study.
  • Travel to dengue-endemic areas in the two months prior to study start or planned travel to dengue-endemic areas during the study period, including low altitude regions of Colombia where dengue is endemic.
  • Known or suspected congenital or acquired immunodeficiency, immunosuppressive therapy such as anti-cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the preceding 6 months prior to the first vaccination, or long- term (at least 2 weeks within the previous 3 months) systemic corticosteroids therapy (at a dose of at least 0.5 milligram per kilogram per day [mg/kg/day]) prior to the first vaccination.
  • Has a history of recurring migraines or on prescription medication for treatment of recurring headaches or migraines.
  • Use of any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen or antihistamines for the 3 days immediately prior to each vaccination.
  • Use of prescription or over the counter medications 7 days before the first vaccination (Day 0), excluding contraceptives and painkillers containing NSAIDs or acetaminophen, cold remedies, hormone replacement and antihistamines.
  • Positive urine screen for cocaine, amphetamines, opiates, or cannabinoids.
  • Receipt of any other investigational product or participation in any other clinical trial in the month before the first vaccination (Day 0) or during the conduct of this study.
  • Receipt of blood products or immunoglobulins 8 weeks before the first vaccination (Day 0) or planned use during the study period.
  • Donation of blood 6 weeks before the first vaccination (Day 0) or at any time during the study.
  • Females who are pregnant or lactating.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01224639

Sponsors and Collaborators
Inviragen Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ivan D Velez, MD, Ph.D. PECET, Universidad the Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Inviragen Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01224639     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: INV-DEN-102
U1111-1181-8290 ( Registry Identifier: WHO )
Study First Received: October 9, 2010
Results First Received: January 9, 2017
Last Updated: January 9, 2017

Keywords provided by Takeda ( Inviragen Inc. ):
dengue fever
live attenuated tetravalent dengue vaccine
TDV
Drug therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fever
Dengue
Body Temperature Changes
Signs and Symptoms
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 25, 2017