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A Study of Gantenerumab in Participants With Prodromal Alzheimer's Disease (Scarlet Road)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01224106
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 19, 2010
Results First Posted : December 13, 2021
Last Update Posted : December 13, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche

Brief Summary:

This multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-group study will evaluate the effect of gantenerumab (RO4909832) on cognition and functioning and the safety and pharmacokinetics in participants with prodromal Alzheimer's Disease. Participants will be randomized to receive subcutaneous (SC) injections of either gantenerumab or placebo. Participants who consent to be part of the sub study will undergo positron emission tomography (PET) scanning to assess brain amyloid. The anticipated time on study treatment is 104 weeks in Part 1, with an option for an additional up to 2 years of treatment in Part 2, followed by an open-label extension (Part 3) until July 2020.

The dosing for Parts 1 and 2 was stopped after a planned futility interim analysis showed a low probability of meeting the primary outcome measure with the doses studied. The study has converted to open-label to investigate higher gantenerumab doses.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer's Disease Drug: Gantenerumab Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 799 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Two Year Study to Evaluate the Effect of Subcutaneous RO4909832 on Cognition and Function in Prodromal Alzheimer's Disease With Option for up to an Additional Two Years of Treatment and an Open-Label Extension With Active Study Treatment
Actual Study Start Date : November 30, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 10, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : September 10, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo (Parts 1 and 2)
Participants with Alzheimer's disease received Placebo by SC injection every 4 weeks (Q4W) for 104 weeks or approximately 2 years during Part 1 of the study. Participants who completed the Week 104 visit were given an option to continue the treatment received during Part 1, for 2 additional years in Part 2.
Drug: Placebo
Participants received Placebo SC injection Q4W.

Experimental: Gantenerumab 105 mg (Parts 1 and 2)
Participants with Alzheimer's disease received Gantenerumab 105 mg by SC injection every 4 weeks (Q4W) for 104 weeks or approximately 2 years during Part 1 of the study. Participants who completed the Week 104 visit were given an option to continue the treatment received during Part 1, for 2 additional years in Part 2.
Drug: Gantenerumab
Participants received Gantenerumab at 105 mg , 225 mg, or at doses up to 1200 mg SC injection Q4W.

Experimental: Gantenerumab 225 mg (Parts 1 and 2)
Participants with Alzheimer's disease received Gantenerumab 225 mg by SC injection every 4 weeks (Q4W) for 104 weeks or approximately 2 years during Part 1 of the study. Participants who completed the Week 104 visit were given an option to continue the treatment received during Part 1, for 2 additional years in Part 2.
Drug: Gantenerumab
Participants received Gantenerumab at 105 mg , 225 mg, or at doses up to 1200 mg SC injection Q4W.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo (Parts 1 and 2) switched to Gantenerumab Up to 1200mg (Part 3 Open-Label Extension [OLE])
Participants with Alzheimer's disease who had received Placebo by SC injection in Part 1 or Part 2, now received Gantenerumab at doses up to 1200 mg by SC injection every 4 weeks (Q4W) for up to 5 additional years.
Drug: Gantenerumab
Participants received Gantenerumab at 105 mg , 225 mg, or at doses up to 1200 mg SC injection Q4W.

Experimental: Gantenerumab Up to 1200 mg (Part 3 Open-Label Extension [OLE])
Participants with Alzheimer's disease who had received Gantenerumab by SC injection in Part 1 or Part 2, now received Gantenerumab at doses up to 1200 mg by SC injection every 4 weeks (Q4W) for up to 5 additional years.
Drug: Gantenerumab
Participants received Gantenerumab at 105 mg , 225 mg, or at doses up to 1200 mg SC injection Q4W.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Change From Baseline in Clinical Dementia Rating Scale Sum of Boxes (CDR-SOB) Total Score at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    The CDR (Clinical Dementia Rating) is obtained through semi-structured interviews of participants and informants, and cognitive functioning is rated in six domains of functioning: memory, orientation, judgement and problem solving, community affairs, home and hobbies, and personal care. Each domain is rated on a five-point scale of functioning as follows: 0, no impairment; 0.5, questionable impairment; 1, mild impairment; 2, moderate impairment; and 3, severe impairment. The CDR-SOB (Clinical Dementia Rating-Sum of Boxes) is based on summing each of the domain box scores with total scores ranging from 0-18, where lower total scores represent better outcomes and higher total scores represent worse outcomes.

  2. Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) or Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline up until a maximum of 5 years ]
    An Adverse Event is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with the treatment. An adverse event can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a pharmaceutical product, whether or not considered related to the pharmaceutical product. Preexisting conditions which worsen during a study are also considered as adverse events.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Change From Baseline in Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale 11 (ADAS-Cog-11) Scores at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    The ADAS-Cog-11 assesses multiple cognitive domains including memory, comprehension, praxis, orientation, and spontaneous speech. Most of these are assessed by tests although some are rated by the clinician on a 5-point scale. The score range for ADAS-Cog-11 is from 0 to 70 with higher scores representing severe dysfunction.

  2. Time to Onset of Dementia at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    Time to Onset of Dementia was defined as the time interval between the first treatment date and the date that participant is assessed as having Alzheimer-type dementia by investigators.

  3. Mean Change From Baseline in Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) Composite Score at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) ® is a cognitive test battery that incorporates a variety of executive and memory tasks in order to assess neuropsychological function. The end outcome as reported below, is a Z-Composite Score. The score range of the Z-Composite Score is from (-) infinity to (+) infinity with a score of zero representing the population mean, lower (negative) scores representing poorer cognitive outcomes and higher (positive) scores representing better cognitive outcomes.

  4. Mean Change From Baseline in Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) Score at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    FCSRT assesses verbal episodic memory. Performances in free recalls, cued recalls and in a recognition task were analyzed, as the process of encoding is controlled. Participants were asked to remember a list of 16 words. Three tasks of free and cued recalls, as well as 1 recognition task and one delayed recall give the scores. Total recall was obtained by the addition of cued recalls to free recalls. Maximum score is 48 for immediate: 16 words multiplied by (*) 3 corresponding to immediate free recall + immediate cued recall + immediate recognition test. Maximum score is 64 (better score) when delayed recall: 16 words*4. The minimum score is 0 (worse).

  5. Mean Change From Baseline in Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ) Score at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    Participants completed the FAQ for physical function. Overall scores ranged from 0 (independent) to 30 (dependent) where lower scores represented an improvement in physical function.

  6. Mean Change From Baseline in CDR-Global Score at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    The CDR-GS represents a semi-structured interview which rates impairment in 6 categories (memory, orientation, judgement and problem solving, community affairs, home and hobbies, and personal care) on a 5-point scale in which CDR 0 = no dementia and CDR 0.5, 1, 2 or 3 = questionable, mild, moderate or severe dementia respectively. The range in scores for the CDR-GS is from 0 to 3 and a high score on the CDR-GS would indicate a high disease severity.

  7. Mean Change From Baseline in Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) Questionnaire Score at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    The NPI is a retrospective (to 1 month) caregiver-informant interview assessing frequency and severity of 12 neuropsychiatric symptom domains. The NPI score is based on the sum of the severity ratings (0=absent, 1=mild, 3=severe). The 12 symptom domains include delusions, hallucinations, agitation/aggression, dysphoria/depression, anxiety, euphoria/elation, apathy/indifference, disinhibition, irritability/lability, aberrant motor behaviors, nighttime behavioral disturbances, and appetite/eating abnormalities. The NPI severity score is based on severity ratings (0=absent, 1=mild to 3=severe).

  8. Percentage Change From Baseline in Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers (Phosphorylated-tau [P-tau], Amyloid Beta 1-42 [Abeta 1-42], Total Tau [T-tau]) at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    CSF biomarker phospho-tau (p-tau) is an indicator of neuronal injury and neurodegeneration. An elevation in levels of tau, as well as specific p-tau species, is thought to be a marker for progressive cellular degeneration in AD.

  9. Percentage Change From Baseline in Hippocampal Volume at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    Change from baseline in hippocampal right volume (HRV) and hippocampal left volume (HLV) were analysed at Week 104 using magnetic resonance imaging.

  10. Percentage Change From Baseline in Cortical Composite Sustained Uptake Volume Ratio (SUVr) in Different Brain Regions at Week 156 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 156 ]
    The different regions of the brain that were analyzed included cerebellum gray, whole cerebellum, composite white matter, subcortical white matter, pons and composite reference.

  11. Gantenerumab Plasma Concentrations at Different Time Points (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Pre-Dose: Weeks 8, 20, 44, 68 and 100; Post-Dose: Weeks 1, 53 and 101 ]
    The PK analyses includes tabulation of plasma concentration data and summarisation of plasma concentrations by visits with participants grouped according to treatment received. Descriptive summary statistics for the Arithmetic Mean and Standard Deviation are presented below.

  12. Mean Change From Baseline in Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) Score at Week 104 (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 104 ]
    The MMSE is a brief, practical screening test for cognitive dysfunction. The test consists of five sections (orientation, registration, attention-calculation, recall, and language); the total score can range from 0 to 30, with a higher score indicating better function. A positive change score indicates improvement.

  13. Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) or Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline up until a maximum of 4.5 years ]
    An Adverse Event is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with the treatment. An adverse event can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a pharmaceutical product, whether or not considered related to the pharmaceutical product. Preexisting conditions which worsen during a study are also considered as adverse events.

  14. Percentage of Participants With Anti-Drug Antibodies (ADAs) (Double-Blind Treatment Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline up until a maximum of 4.5 years ]
    Participants were considered positive or negative for ADA based on their baseline and post-baseline sample results. The number and percentage of participants with confirmed positive ADA levels were determined for Gantenerumab and Placebo groups. The prevalence of ADA at baseline was calculated as the proportion of participants with confirmed positive ADA levels at baseline relative to the total number of participants with a sample available at baseline. The incidence of treatment-emergent ADAs was determined as the proportion of participants with confirmed post-baseline positive ADAs relative to the total number of participants that had at least one post-baseline sample available for ADA analysis.

  15. Mean Change From Baseline in Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale 11 (ADAS-Cog-11) Scores at Week 156 (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 156 ]
    The ADAS-Cog-11 assesses multiple cognitive domains including memory, comprehension, praxis, orientation, and spontaneous speech. Most of these are assessed by tests although some are rated by the clinician on a 5-point scale. The score range for ADAS-Cog-11 is from 0 to 70 with higher scores representing severe dysfunction.

  16. Mean Change From Baseline in Clinical Dementia Rating Scale Sum of Boxes (CDR-SOB) Total Score at Week 156 (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 156 ]
    The CDR (Clinical Dementia Rating) is obtained through semi-structured interviews of participants and informants, and cognitive functioning is rated in six domains of functioning: memory, orientation, judgement and problem solving, community affairs, home and hobbies, and personal care. Each domain is rated on a five-point scale of functioning as follows: 0, no impairment; 0.5, questionable impairment; 1, mild impairment; 2, moderate impairment; and 3, severe impairment. The CDR-SOB (Clinical Dementia Rating-Sum of Boxes) is based on summing each of the domain box scores with total scores ranging from 0-18, where lower total scores represent better outcomes and higher total scores represent worse outcomes.

  17. Mean Change From Baseline in Alzheimer Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale 13 (ADAS-Cog-13) Scores at Week 156 (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 156 ]
    The ADAS-Cog-13 assesses multiple cognitive domains including memory, comprehension, praxis, orientation, and spontaneous speech. The score range for ADAS-Cog-13 is from 0 to 85 with higher scores representing severe dysfunction.

  18. Time to Onset of Dementia at Week 156 (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 156 ]
    Time to Onset of Dementia was defined as the time interval between the first treatment date and the date that participant is assessed as having Alzheimer-type dementia by investigators.

  19. Mean Change From Baseline in Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) Score at Week 156 (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 156 ]
    FCSRT assesses verbal episodic memory. Performances in free recalls, cued recalls and in a recognition task were analyzed, as the process of encoding is controlled. Participants were asked to remember a list of 16 words. Three tasks of free and cued recalls, as well as 1 recognition task and one delayed recall give the scores. Total recall was obtained by the addition of cued recalls to free recalls. Maximum score is 48 for immediate: 16 words multiplied by (*) 3 corresponding to immediate free recall + immediate cued recall + immediate recognition test. Maximum score is 64 (better score) when delayed recall: 16 words*4. The minimum score is 0 (worse).

  20. Mean Change From Baseline in Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ) Score at Week 156 (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 156 ]
    Participants completed the FAQ for physical function. Overall scores ranged from 0 (independent) to 30 (dependent) where lower scores represented an improvement in physical function.

  21. Mean Change From Baseline in CDR-Global Score at Week 156 (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 156 ]
    The CDR-GS represents a semi-structured interview which rates impairment in 6 categories (memory, orientation, judgement and problem solving, community affairs, home and hobbies, and personal care) on a 5-point scale in which CDR 0 = no dementia and CDR 0.5, 1, 2 or 3 = questionable, mild, moderate or severe dementia respectively. The range in scores for the CDR-GS is from 0 to 3 and a high score on the CDR-GS would indicate a high disease severity.

  22. Percentage Change From Baseline in Hippocampal Volume at Week 152 (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 152 ]
    Change from baseline in hippocampal right volume (HRV) and hippocampal left volume (HLV) were analysed at Week 152 using magnetic resonance imaging.

  23. Percentage Change From Baseline in Cortical Composite Sustained Uptake Volume Ratio (SUVr) in Different Brain Regions at Week 156 (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 156 ]
    The regions of the brain that were analyzed included cerebellum gray and composite reference.

  24. Gantenerumab Plasma Concentrations at Different Time Points (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Pre-Dose: Weeks 64, 100, 104, 136, 156 and 208; Post-Dose: Week 101 ]
    The PK analyses includes tabulation of plasma concentration data and summarisation of plasma concentrations by visits with participants grouped according to treatment received. Descriptive summary statistics for the Arithmetic Mean and Standard Deviation are presented below.

  25. Mean Change From Baseline in Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) Score at Week 156 (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 156 ]
    The MMSE is a brief, practical screening test for cognitive dysfunction. The test consists of five sections (orientation, registration, attention-calculation, recall, and language); the total score can range from 0 to 30, with a higher score indicating better function. A positive change score indicates improvement.

  26. Percentage of Participants With Anti-Drug Antibodies (ADAs) (OLE Phase) [ Time Frame: Baseline up until a maximum of 5 years ]
    Participants were considered positive or negative for ADA based on their baseline and post-baseline sample results. The number and percentage of participants with confirmed positive ADA levels were determined. The prevalence of ADA at baseline was calculated as the proportion of participants with confirmed positive ADA levels at baseline relative to the total number of participants with a sample available at baseline. The incidence of treatment-emergent ADAs was determined as the proportion of participants with confirmed post-baseline positive ADAs relative to the total number of participants that had at least one post-baseline sample available for ADA analysis.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult participants, 50-85 years of age
  • Participants with prodromal Alzheimer's disease who are not receiving memantine or cholinesterase inhibitors
  • Has a study partner who in the investigator's judgement has frequent and sufficient contact with the participant as to be able to provide accurate information as to the participant's cognitive and functional abilities, who agrees to provide information at clinic visits which require partner input for scale completion
  • Has had sufficient education or work experience to exclude mental retardation
  • Study partner has noticed a recent gradual decrease in participant's memory (over the last 12 months), which the participant may or may not be aware of
  • Screening Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) score of 24 or above

Additional inclusion criteria for sub study:

  • Able and willing to travel to PET imaging center and complete the planned scanning sessions
  • Past and planned exposure to ionizing radiation not exceeding safe and permissible levels

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other prior or current neurologic or medical disorder which may currently or during the course of the study impair cognition or psychiatric functioning
  • A history of stroke
  • A documented history of transient ischemic attack within the last 12 months
  • History of schizophrenia, schizoaffective or bipolar disorder
  • Currently meets criteria for major depression
  • Within the last 2 years, unstable or clinical significant cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction, angina pectoris)

Additional exclusion criteria for sub study:

  • Inclusion in a research and/or medical protocol involving PET ligands or other radioactive agents within 12 months
  • Present or planned participation in a research and/or medical protocol involving PET ligands or radioactive agents other than study WN25203
  • Have planned or are planning to have exposure to ionizing radiation that in combination with the planned administration with study amyloid PET ligand would result in a cumulative exposure that exceeds local recommended exposure limits

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01224106


Locations
Show Show 139 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Hoffmann-La Roche:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 9, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 13, 2020

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01224106    
Other Study ID Numbers: WN25203
2010-019895-66 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: October 19, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 13, 2021
Last Update Posted: December 13, 2021
Last Verified: December 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders