Vinorelbine Tartrate and Cyclophosphamide in Combination With Bevacizumab or Temsirolimus in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: October 15, 2010
Last updated: March 30, 2015
Last verified: January 2015

This randomized phase II trial studies how well vinorelbine tartrate and cyclophosphamide work in combination with bevacizumab or temsirolimus in treating patients with recurrent or refractory rhabdomyosarcoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vinorelbine tartrate and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of rhabdomyosarcoma by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Temsirolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether combination chemotherapy is more effective when given together with bevacizumab or temsirolimus in treating rhabdomyosarcoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Rhabdomyosarcoma
Childhood Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma
Childhood Anaplastic Rhabdomyosarcoma
Childhood Mixed Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma
Previously Treated Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma
Recurrent Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Recurrent Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma
Drug: Vinorelbine Tartrate
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Biological: Bevacizumab
Drug: Temsirolimus
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Trial of Bevacizumab (Avastin) and Temsirolimus (Torisel) in Combination With Intravenous Vinorelbine and Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Recurrent/Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Event-free survival [ Time Frame: From enrollment to the first occurrence of disease recurrence or death from any cause, up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimated using Kaplan-Meier curves. EFS experience for the 2 regimens will be compared using the log-rank test.

  • Feasibility, assessed by rate of grade 3+ non-hematologic toxicity, graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 [ Time Frame: 42 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Response rate (CR + PR) [ Time Frame: Up to day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The data reported in 2 groups will be summarized using numbers and percentages of patients in each stratum and at each time point (baseline, after course 2, at the time of best response and end of therapy or progressive disease, whichever comes first). A binomial generalized estimating equation (GEE) model will be fitted to the data. The variables in the model will be time, treatment group and a biomarker. The beta coefficient of the biomarker will quantify the strength of the association between clinical response and the biomarker, beyond the association of the outcome to the other variables.

  • Changes in angiogenesis-associated plasma markers between patients by treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline up to day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    First, the distributions of these markers will be compared at 'end of 2 cycles' between treatments using a 2-independent sample non-parametric test. The mean will also be modeled for each of these markers (or a transformation of the marker to near normality) as a function of time and treatment using GEEs which are designed to take into account the internal correlation of repeated measurements taken on the same subject. Associations between progression-free survival and changes in each of the biomarkers will be investigated using univariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis.

  • Biomarker levels [ Time Frame: Up to 36 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Biomarker data will be summarized for each response category, at each time point using either means and standard deviations or medians and ranges.

  • Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression-free survival data will be explored using Kaplan Meier analysis. Associations between this outcome and each of the biomarkers will be investigated using univariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis.

  • Clinical predictors, including histologic and molecular subtype, age, stage, and site [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    These known risk factors will be compared to genomic features like gene and ribonucleic acid (RNA) expression values, as well as combinations of the two and splice variants of known genes, in order to identify those features most related to treatment resistance and poor outcome (overall survival and failure-free survival) using a Cox proportional hazards model of gene expression with cross validation.

  • Levels of biomarkers related to the effect of temsirolimus on the unfolded protein response [ Time Frame: Up to 36 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: October 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (vinorelbine tartrate, cyclophosphamide, bevacizumab)
Patients receive vinorelbine tartrate IV over 6-10 minutes on days 1 and 8 and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1.
Drug: Vinorelbine Tartrate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Biovelbin
  • Eunades
  • KW-2307
  • Navelbine
  • NVB
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Biological: Bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Avastin
  • rhuMab-VEGF
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Experimental: Arm II (vinorelbine tartrate, cyclophosphamide, temsirolimus)
Patients receive vinorelbine tartrate and cyclophosphamide as in arm I. Patients also receive temsirolimus IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15.
Drug: Vinorelbine Tartrate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Biovelbin
  • Eunades
  • KW-2307
  • Navelbine
  • NVB
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Drug: Temsirolimus
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CCI-779
  • Torisel
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:


l. To determine the feasibility of administering bevacizumab in combination with intravenous vinorelbine (vinorelbine tartrate) and cyclophosphamide (VC) in patients with recurrent rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS).

II. To determine the feasibility of administering temsirolimus in combination with VC in patients with recurrent RMS.

III. To estimate the event-free survival (EFS) of patients with recurrent/refractory RMS treated with bevacizumab and VC and compare with the EFS of those treated with temsirolimus and VC.


I. To estimate the initial (2 cycle) response rate of patients with recurrent/refractory RMS treated with bevacizumab and VC and compare with the response rate of those treated with temsirolimus and VC, and to also compare the best response rate on each regimen of protocol therapy.

II. To evaluate surrogate biological markers in patients with recurrent RMS and to estimate differences in these markers following treatment with bevacizumab and temsirolimus.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive vinorelbine tartrate intravenously (IV) over 6-10 minutes on days 1 and 8 and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1.

ARM II: Patients receive vinorelbine tartrate and cyclophosphamide as in arm I. Patients also receive temsirolimus IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15.

In both arms, treatment repeats every 21 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up annually for 5 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 29 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis

    • Patients with first relapse or progression of rhabdomyosarcoma are eligible
    • Patients with primary refractory disease are eligible

      • Primary refractory disease is defined as first progression after receiving at least one course of cyclophosphamide or ifosfamide containing chemotherapy without prior demonstration of a radiographic response to chemotherapy (progression on irinotecan-containing chemotherapy without cyclophosphamide or ifosfamide containing chemotherapy will not be considered a first progression)
    • Note: Patients without measurable or evaluable disease are eligible
  • Patients must have had a previous histological verification of rhabdomyosarcoma at original diagnosis
  • Patients must have a Karnofsky or Lansky performance status score of >= 50%, corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) categories of 0, 1, or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
  • Patients must have a life expectancy of >= 8 weeks
  • Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study
  • Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: Must not have received within 3 weeks prior to entry onto this study (4 weeks if prior nitrosourea)
  • Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent):

    • Patients may have received prior therapy with oral tyrosine kinase inhibitors or other similar agents; at least 7 days must have elapsed since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent and all toxicities must have resolved to < grade 2 prior to enrollment
    • 3 half-lives (or 6 weeks) must have elapsed since previous monoclonal antibody therapy prior to enrollment on this study
  • Myeloid growth factor: Must not have received within 1 week prior to entry onto this study
  • Radiation therapy (RT): At least 4 weeks must have elapsed between RT and study entry; previously radiated lesions cannot be used to assess response unless those sites are the sites of disease progression
  • Stem cell transplant (SCT): For autologous SCT, >= 3 months must have elapsed; for allogeneic SCT, >= 6 months must have elapsed and no evidence of active graft vs. host disease
  • Patients must have recovered from any surgical procedure before enrolling on this study

    • Minor surgical procedures (e.g., biopsies involving core or fine-needle aspiration procedures, infusaport or Broviac line placement, paracentesis, or thoracocentesis) need to have fully healed and occurred > 7 days prior to enrollment
    • Patients who have had a major surgical procedure (such as laparotomy, thoracotomy, open biopsy, or resection of tumor) can only be enrolled on study > 28 days from such procedure
  • Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/μL
  • Platelet count >= 75,000/μL (transfusion independent, defined as without transfusion for >= 1 week prior to enrollment)
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive packed red blood cells [PRBC] transfusions)
  • Bone marrow disease involvement of tumor is allowed, however, peripheral blood count criteria must still be met
  • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

    • =< 0.4 mg/dL (for patients aged 1 month to < 6 months)
    • =< 0.5 mg/dL (for patients aged 6 months to < 1 year)
    • =< 0.6 mg/dL (for patients aged 1 to < 2 years)
    • =< 0.8 mg/dL (for patients aged 2 to < 6 years)
    • =< 1 mg/dL (for patients aged 6 to < 10 years)
    • =< 1.2 mg/dL (for patients aged 10 to < 13 years)
    • =< 1.4 mg/dL (for female patients aged >= 13 years)
    • =< 1.5 mg/dL (for male patients aged 13 to < 16 years)
    • =< 1.7 mg/dL (for male patients aged >= 16 years)
  • Urine protein level:

    • Patients aged =< 17 years: Urine protein to creatinine (UPC) ratio should be calculated; UPC ratio must be =< 1 for patient to be eligible
    • Patients aged > 17 years: Urine protein should be screened by urine analysis; if protein is 2+ or higher, 24-hour urine protein must be obtained and the level must be < 1,000 mg for patient enrollment
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram or ejection fraction of >= 50% by radionuclide angiogram

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with botryoid histology, any stage or group, are ineligible
  • Patients with embryonal histology, stage I or clinical group 1 at initial disease presentation, who present with local or regional recurrence, are ineligible
  • Patients who previously received craniospinal irradiation are ineligible
  • Patients who previously received vinorelbine, bevacizumab, temsirolimus, or any other direct vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR-) or mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR-) targeting agents are ineligible
  • Patients with known central nervous system (CNS) disease (excluding intracranial/intraspinal extension secondary to local progression of a parameningeal or paraspinal primary), except for those with treated brain metastasis, are ineligible

    • Treated brain metastases are defined as having no ongoing requirement for steroids and no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after treatment for at least 3 months, as ascertained by clinical examination and brain imaging (magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or computed tomography [CT]); stable dose of anticonvulsants are allowed; treatment for brain metastases may include whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT), radiosurgery (RS; Gamma Knife, linear accelerator [LINAC], or equivalent), or a combination as deemed appropriate by the treating physician
    • Patients with CNS metastases treated within 3 months prior to enrollment by neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy are ineligible
  • Patients who receive radiation or chemotherapy (inclusive of palliative intent) for first disease progression or relapse of rhabdomyosarcoma prior to enrollment are ineligible
  • Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible
  • Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed to discontinue breastfeeding
  • Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained
  • Sexually active patients of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
  • Patients with a documented chronic non-healing wound, ulcer, or significant trauma injury (those with bone fractures, including pathological fractures, or requiring surgical intervention) within 28 days prior to beginning therapy are ineligible
  • Patients with evidence of intratumoral hemorrhage, gastrointestinal bleeding, or on anticoagulation for thrombosis or history of thrombosis are ineligible
  • Patients with uncontrolled hypertension are ineligible; uncontrolled hypertension is defined as follows:

    • Patients aged =< 17 years: greater than 95th percentile systolic and diastolic blood pressure based on age and height that is not controlled by one antihypertensive medication
    • Patients aged > 17 years: systolic blood pressure >= 160 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure >= 90 mm Hg that is not controlled by one antihypertensive medication
  • Patients currently taking anticoagulants or antiplatelet agents with the exception of aspirin (=< 81 mg/day) are ineligible
  • Patients with history of central venous catheter (CVC)-associated thrombosis requiring systemic anticoagulation are ineligible; Note: Patients with history of sluggish flow from CVC or CVC-associated thrombosis treated with tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) only are not excluded
  • Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular disease are excluded:

    • History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) within the prior 6 months
    • Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within the prior 6 months
    • New York Heart Association grade 2 or greater congestive heart failure
    • Serious and inadequately controlled cardiac arrhythmia
    • Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, history of aortic dissection)
    • Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease
  • Patients diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma as a second malignant neoplasm are not eligible
  • Patients with history of any second malignant neoplasm who have received chemotherapy or radiation for the treatment of that malignancy are not eligible
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01222715

  Show 184 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Leo Mascarenhas Children's Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT01222715     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-02607, NCI-2011-02607, COG-ARST0921, CDR0000687113, ARST0921, ARST0921, U10CA098543
Study First Received: October 15, 2010
Last Updated: March 30, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rhabdomyosarcoma, Alveolar
Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Alkylating Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents
Antimitotic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antirheumatic Agents
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Immunologic Factors processed this record on March 31, 2015