Pilot Study Evaluating Safety & Efficacy of DCBT: NiCord® & UNM CBU to Patients With Hematological Malignancies
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation of NiCord®, Umbilical Cord Blood-Derived Ex Vivo Expanded Stem and Progenitor Cells, in Combination With a Second, Unmanipulated Cord Blood Unit in Patients With Hematological Malignancies|
- Safety and Tolerability: will be measured by acute NiCord® infusional toxicity, and assessment of the proportion of patients with neutrophil engraftment [ Time Frame: 180 days post-transplant ]
- Proportion of non-relapse mortality, development of acute GvHD [ Time Frame: 100 days post-transplant ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
NiCord® is a cell-based product composed of umbilical cord-derived ex vivo expanded stem and progenitor cells.
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a potentially curative procedure for various hematological malignancies, bone marrow failure syndromes and inherited metabolic disorders. The application of allogeneic HSCT is limited by donor availability such that only approximately one-third of the otherwise appropriate candidates have suitably matched family donors. Alternative donors include mismatched family members or matched unrelated donors, but these approaches are often complicated by an increased risk of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) and a prolonged and cumbersome search and procurement process. In addition, far fewer subjects of racial minorities find suitable human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donors.
Umbilical cord blood has been increasingly used as an alternative source of stem cells and has extended the availability of allogeneic HSCT to patients who would otherwise not be eligible for this curative approach. In the last decade the number of cord blood transplantations from related and unrelated donors has increased dramatically. It is estimated that more than 20,000 patients have undergone cord blood transplantation from unrelated donors to date for a variety of genetic, hematological, immunological, metabolic and oncologic disorders. The major advantages of cord blood transplantation include easy procurement, no risk to donors, reduced incidence of transmitting infections, immediate availability, and reduced risk of acute GvHD in the setting of donor-recipient HLA mismatch. Nevertheless, the low cell dose remains a main limitation of this cell source leading to delayed hematopoietic reconstitution, higher risk of graft failure and relatively high treatment related mortality rates as compared to other hematopoeitic cell sources. To improve outcomes and extend applicability of cord blood transplantation, one potential solution is ex vivo expansion of cord blood-derived stem and progenitor cells.
The Sponsor has undertaken to develop NiCord®, which is based on a novel technology for ex vivo cell expansion of cord blood derived hematopoietic progenitor cells. By increasing the number of the short and long-term reconstitution progenitor cells transplanted, NiCord® has the potential to enable broader application of umbilical cord blood transplantation and improve clinical outcomes in subjects with high-risk hematological malignancies.
The main objective of the current study is to evaluate the safety of co-transplantation of NiCord® and an unmanipulated cord blood unit in patients with hematological malignancies following myeloablative therapy.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01221857
|United States, Illinois|
|Loyola University, Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center|
|Maywood, Illinois, United States, 60153|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Duke University Medical Center|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705|
|Study Director:||David Snyder, PhD||Gamida Cell ltd|
|Principal Investigator:||Joanne Kurtzberg, MD||Duke University|
|Principal Investigator:||Mitchell Horwitz, MD||Duke University|
|Principal Investigator:||Patrick Stiff, MD||Loyola University|