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Study of TG-C in Patients With Grade 3 Degenerative Joint Disease of the Knee

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01221441
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 15, 2010
Results First Posted : February 15, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kolon TissueGene, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see if we can safely regenerate cartilage without invasive surgery using a biologic product called TissueGene-C.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoarthritis, Knee Biological: TissueGene-C Drug: Normal Saline Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Protocol TGC09201 is a multi-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study. A total of one hundred (100) adults with grade 3 chronic degenerative joint disease (DJD) of the knee joint (as determined by radiographic examination) will be enrolled into the study. TissueGene-C will be administered intra-articularly once via x-ray guidance. TissueGene-C will be administered at a dose of 3 x 10e7 cells. Patients receiving control treatment will receive a single normal saline injection.

The objectives of this study are to:

  1. Evaluate the efficacy of TissueGene-C with regard to knee functionality and symptoms of knee osteoarthritis including pain.
  2. Evaluate the safety of administration of a single intra-articular dose of TissueGene-C as evidenced by observation of the injection site for irritation or other abnormalities, the incidence and severity of adverse events, and the changes in physical examination findings and laboratory tests, including immune analyses.
  3. Evaluate the incidence and dose of analgesia and/or anti-inflammatory medication.
  4. Evaluate the regeneration of hyaline cartilage as determined by 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  5. Evaluate distribution of hChonJb#7 cells out of the injection site.
  6. Evaluate the efficacy of TissueGene-C by evaluating the need for total knee arthroplasty after treatment

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 102 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Allogeneic Human Chondrocytes Expressing TGF-β1 (TissueGene-C) in Patients With Grade 3 Chronic Degenerative Joint Disease of the Knee
Study Start Date : May 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: TissueGene-C
TissueGene-C at 3 x 10e7 cells per injection (intraarticular)
Biological: TissueGene-C
Single intraarticular injection at 3 x 10e7 cells
Other Name: TG-C

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Control
Normal Saline injection
Drug: Normal Saline
Single intraarticular injection of normal saline as a placebo control
Other Name: 0.9% Saline

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) Subjective Knee Evaluation Score at 1 Year [ Time Frame: 1 Year ]
    Symptoms, pain and function of the knee joint determined and scored using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) Subjective Knee Evaluation (Total Score, range 0-100 with higher scores better). Linear mixed model used for analysis.

  2. Change From Baseline in Visual Analog Scale (VAS) Score at 1 Year [ Time Frame: 1 Year ]
    Reduction in pain as measured by a 100 mm visual analog scale (0= no pain; 100 = extreme pain) from Baseline to 1 Year. Linear mixed model used for analysis.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) at 2 Years [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Symptoms, pain and functionality of the knee joint as determined by Total Score of the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) (Range 0-100 with higher scores indicating healthier outcomes). Linear mixed model used for analysis.

  2. Change From Baseline in Articular Cartilage Damage in the Knee as Determined by the Lysholm Knee Score at 2 Years [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Measurement to assess outcomes of various chondral disorders of the knee determined by the Lysholm Knee Scale (Range 0-100 with higher scores better). Linear mixed model used for analysis.

  3. Comparative Evaluation of Knee Magnetic Resonance Images (MRIs) From Baseline to 1 Year [ Time Frame: 1 Year ]
    Comparison of pre-procedure 3T MRI scans to those obtained at months 12 following dose administration by an independent radiographic reviewer. Evaluations will be scored using Whole Organ Magnetic Resonance imaging Score (WORMS) Cartilage Morphology Subscore (Range 0-6, with higher scores being worse)

  4. Change in Pain Severity From Baseline to 2 Years as Assessed by Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Change in pain severity (on a scale from 1 to 4) from baseline to 2 years as measured by a questionnaire (lower scores better)

  5. Number of Participants With Change in Pain Severity Measured by Incidence and Dose of Analgesia [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    The number of participants that had a change in pain severity as measured by the incidence and dose of analgesic medications

  6. Change From Baseline in Knee Function as Determined by the Lower Extremity Functional Scale at 2 Years [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Assessment of knee function as determined by the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS); change from baseline to 2 years (Range 0-80 with higher scores signifying lower difficulty in performing knee functions)

  7. The Incidence of Total Knee Arthroplasty [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Quantification of the incidence of total knee arthroplasty of the treated knee subsequent to treatment with TissueGene-C

  8. The Number of Patients Experiencing Injection Site Reactions Related to Treatment [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    The number of patients with observations of the administration site deemed related to treatment with either active or placebo, including arthralgia, swelling, irritation, pain, stiffness or abnormalities

  9. The Incidence and Severity of Adverse Events in Treated Patients [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    The incidence and severity of adverse events assessed through 104 weeks (2 years) after dose administration

  10. Number of Participants With Adverse Events Due to Clinically Significant Changes in Hematology and Urinalysis Tests [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    The number of participants with changes in clinical hematology, chemistry, and urinalysis test results through 2 years that were considered Adverse Events

  11. Change in SF-36 General Health Assessment Questionnaire (Overall Score) From Baseline to 2 Years [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Overall assessment of general health as determined by scoring use an SF-36 Questionnaire (Range 0-100 with higher scores better - indicating less disability)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or Female subject
  2. Age 18 to 70 years
  3. In general good health as evidenced by physical examination, normal hematology, serum chemistry, and urinalysis screening laboratory results, and a negative history of significant organ system disorders. All laboratory values must be within 20% of normal ranges.

    1. Body Mass Index (BMI) should be between '18.5 - 45.5'. The applied scale is the same for both men and women.
    2. Blood Pressure measurements - Systolic Blood Pressure should be between 90-160mm. Hg, and Diastolic Blood Pressure between 50-90mm.Hg,
  4. Patients with Grade 3 chronic osteoarthritis of the knee as determined by the Radiographic Criteria of Kellgren and Lawrence.
  5. Symptom of pain for more than four (4) consecutive months and intensity of ≥ 40 and ≤ 90 on the 100-mm scale.
  6. Patients should be cleared to use protocol specified equipment: 3T MRI.
  7. Patients providing written informed consent after the nature of the study is fully explained and understood by the patient.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 71 or older
  2. Patients with abnormal hematology, serum chemistry, or urinalysis screening laboratory results.
  3. Patients taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications within 14 days of baseline visit unless washed out as per section 3.6.4 above.
  4. Patients taking steroidal anti-inflammatory medications within 2 months of baseline visit.
  5. Patients with a recent (within 1 year) history of drug abuse and/or a positive urine drug test at the time of screening.
  6. Patients receiving injections to the treated knee within 2 months prior to study entry
  7. Patients who are contraindicated for 3T MRI.
  8. Patients who are pregnant or currently breast-feeding children.
  9. Patients with systemic, rheumatic or inflammatory disease of the knee or chondrocalcinosis, hemochromatosis, inflammatory arthritis, necrosis of the femoral condyle, arthropathy of the knee associated with juxta-articular Paget's disease of the femur or tibia, ochronosis, hemophilic arthropathy, infectious arthritis, Charcot's knee joint, villonodular synovitis, synovial chondromatosis, and/or history of inflammatory arthropathy.
  10. Patients with ongoing infectious disease, including HIV and hepatitis B or C.
  11. Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, endocrine disease, cancer, or Type I diabetes.
  12. Patients participating in a study of an experimental drug or medical device within 30 days of study entry.
  13. Patients that will be unable to comply with the requisite study follow-up and are not able to complete all of the follow-up office visits and 3T MRI exams.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01221441

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United States, Florida
Advent Clinical Research
Pinellas Park, Florida, United States, 33781
United States, Maryland
Sinai Hospital of Baltimore
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21215
United States, Pennsylvania
Rothman Institute
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
University Orthopedics
State College, Pennsylvania, United States, 16801
United States, Virginia
Commonwealth Orthopedics
Arlington, Virginia, United States, 22205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kolon TissueGene, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Michael A Mont, MD Sinai Hospital of Baltimore
Principal Investigator: David W Romness, MD Commonwealth Orthopedics, Virginia Hospital Center
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Kolon TissueGene, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01221441    
Other Study ID Numbers: TGC09201
First Posted: October 15, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 15, 2016
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2016
Last Verified: January 2016
Keywords provided by Kolon TissueGene, Inc.:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoarthritis, Knee
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases