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Radiation Therapy With or Without Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With High-Risk Malignant Salivary Gland Tumors That Have Been Removed By Surgery

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified April 2017 by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01220583
First Posted: October 14, 2010
Last Update Posted: April 26, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
NRG Oncology
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It is not yet known whether radiation therapy is more effective when given together with chemotherapy or alone after surgery in treating salivary gland tumors.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II/III trial is studying radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy to see how well it works in treating patients with high-risk malignant salivary gland tumors that have been removed by surgery.


Condition Intervention Phase
Head and Neck Cancer Drug: cisplatin Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy Radiation: intensity-modulated radiation therapy Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II/Phase III Study of Adjuvant Concurrent Radiation and Chemotherapy Versus Radiation Alone in Resected High-Risk Malignant Salivary Gland Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival (PFS), defined by the events of local-regional progression or recurrence, distant metastasis, or death from any cause, primarily at 2 years [ Time Frame: From randomization to 2 years. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival (OS) rate at 2 years [ Time Frame: From randomization to 2 years. ]
  • PFS rate at 5 years [ Time Frame: From randomization to 5 years. ]
  • OS rate at 5 years [ Time Frame: From randomization to 5 years. ]
  • Treatment-related toxicity, defined as any grade 3-4 adverse events (CTCAE v. 4) deemed to be definitely, probably, or possibly related to protocol treatment [ Time Frame: From start of treatment to last follow-up. ]
  • Treatment-related mortality, defined as any death during or within 30 days of discontinuation of protocol treatment [ Time Frame: From start of treatment to 30 days after the end of treatment. ]
  • Chemotherapy delivery as measured by percentage of protocol prescription given [ Time Frame: From start of treatment to end of treatment. ]
  • Radiation delivery as measured by elapsed treatment days [ Time Frame: From start of treatment to end of treatment. ]
  • Determine whether quality of life, fatigue and xerostomia differ as a function of treatment assignment at 3, 12, and 24 months after completing radiotherapy. [ Time Frame: From randomization to 2 years. ]

Estimated Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: January 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2023 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients undergo 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) 5 days a week for 6-6.5 weeks. Patients also receive cisplatin IV over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43 during radiotherapy.
Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Undergo radiotherapy
Radiation: intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Undergo radiotherapy
Experimental: Arm II
Patients undergo 3D-CRT or IMRT as in arm I.
Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Undergo radiotherapy
Radiation: intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Undergo radiotherapy

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

Phase II

  • Determine the feasibility of conducting a cooperative group prospective clinical trial in patients with resected malignant salivary gland tumors.
  • Acquire preliminary efficacy data comparing postoperative radiotherapy alone to concurrent chemotherapy and radiation using weekly cisplatin.

Phase III

* Compare overall survival rates among patients receiving cisplatin and radiation to those receiving radiation alone.

Secondary

Phase II/III

  • Compare the acute toxicities of these 2 adjuvant treatments.
  • Compare late treatment-related adverse events in patients receiving postoperative radiation to those receiving concurrent chemoradiation.
  • Compare progression-free survival rates among patients receiving cisplatin and radiation to those receiving radiation alone in both the cohort of patients with pathologically high-risk disease (high-grade adenocarcinoma, high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma, salivary duct carcinoma), and the patient cohort with pathologically intermediate-risk disease (all other eligible diagnoses).
  • Investigate quality of life and patient-reported outcomes in patients enrolled in the study.
  • Identify the histopathology and tumor marker expression from patients enrolled on this trial and assemble a tissue bank for future correlative studies.
  • Establish a NRG Oncology baseline database for salivary gland malignancies to serve as a resource for future exploration of innovative and/or targeted approaches for this disease.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to histology (high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma vs salivary duct carcinoma vs high-grade adenocarcinoma) and nodal status (N0 vs N1-3). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients undergo 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) 5 days a week for 6-6.5 weeks. Patients also receive cisplatin IV over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43 during radiotherapy.
  • Arm II: Patients undergo 3D-CRT or IMRT as in Arm I. Tissue and blood samples may be collected for translational research studies. Patients may complete quality-of-life assessments periodically.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Pathologically proven diagnosis of a malignant major salivary gland tumor or malignant minor salivary gland tumor of the head and neck of the following histologic subtypes:

    • Intermediate-grade adenocarcinoma or intermediate-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma
    • High-grade acinic cell carcinoma or high-grade (>30% solid component) adenoid cystic carcinoma
  • Surgical resection with curative intent within 8 weeks prior to registration
  • All patients must have a Medical Oncology evaluation within 4 weeks prior to registration
  • Pathologic stage T3-4 or N1-3 or T1-2, N0 with a close (≤ 1mm) or microscopically positive surgical margin; patients must be free of distant metastases based upon the following minimum diagnostic workup:

    • History/physical examination within 8 weeks prior to registration
    • Radiologic confirmation of the absence of hematogenous metastasis within 12 weeks prior to registration; at a minimum, contrast CT imaging of the chest is required (PET/CT is acceptable)
  • No patients with residual macroscopic disease after surgery
  • No prior systemic chemotherapy or radiation therapy for salivary gland malignancy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Zubrod performance status 0-1
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,800 cells/mm^3
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000 cells/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (the use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL is acceptable)
  • Serum creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL
  • Total bilirubin < 2 x the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3 x the institutional ULN
  • Negative serum pregnancy test within 2 weeks prior to registration for women of childbearing potential
  • Women of childbearing potential and male participants who are sexually active must practice adequate contraception during treatment and for 6 weeks following treatment
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Patients must be deemed able to comply with the treatment plan and follow-up schedule
  • Patients must provide study specific informed consent prior to study entry, including consent for mandatory tissue submission for central review
  • No prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years (for example, carcinoma in situ of the breast, oral cavity, or cervix are all permissible)
  • No severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:

    • Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the last 6 months
    • Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
    • Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of registration
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of registration
    • Hepatic insufficiency resulting in clinical jaundice and/or coagulation defects (coagulation parameters are not required for entry into this protocol)
    • Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) based upon current Centers for Disease Control (CDC) definition (HIV testing is not required for entry into this protocol)

      • Protocol-specific requirements may also exclude immunocompromised patients
    • Pre-existing ≥ grade 2 neuropathy
  • No significant pre-existing hearing loss, as defined by the patient or treating physician

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior systemic chemotherapy or radiation therapy for salivary gland malignancy (prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowable)
  • No prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields
  • No prior organ transplant
  • No concurrent hematopoietic growth factors (e.g., G-CSF or pegfilgrastim) during radiotherapy
  • No concurrent erythropoiesis-stimulating agents
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01220583


  Show 94 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
NRG Oncology
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Cristina P. Rodriguez, MD OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
  More Information

Responsible Party: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01220583     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RTOG 1008
CDR0000686072
NCI-2013-00370
First Submitted: October 12, 2010
First Posted: October 14, 2010
Last Update Posted: April 26, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017

Keywords provided by Radiation Therapy Oncology Group:
stage I salivary gland cancer
stage II salivary gland cancer
stage III salivary gland cancer
high-grade salivary gland mucoepidermoid carcinoma
salivary gland adenocarcinoma
stage IVA salivary gland cancer
stage IVB salivary gland cancer
stage IVC salivary gland cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Salivary Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Mouth Neoplasms
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Salivary Gland Diseases
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents