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Effects of Dietary Interventions on the Brain in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Agnes Flöel, Charite University, Berlin, Germany
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01219244
First received: October 12, 2010
Last updated: July 26, 2017
Last verified: July 2017
  Purpose
The study will investigate whether dietary modification could provide positive effects on brain functions in elderly people with mild cognitive impairment.

Condition Intervention Phase
Mild Cognitive Impairment Behavioral: caloric restriction Behavioral: omega-3 supplementation Behavioral: resveratrol supplementation Behavioral: Placebo Behavioral: 2nd step: intervention + physical / cognitive training Behavioral: 2nd step: intervention + control Phase 2 Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Enhancing Memory Functions in Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment by Dietary Interventions and in Combination With Exercise and Cognitive Training - Proof of Concept and Mechanisms

Further study details as provided by Agnes Flöel, Charite University, Berlin, Germany:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - cognitive subscale [ Time Frame: Prior to intervention and after 6 months of intervention ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Functional/Structural brain changes [ Time Frame: Prior to intervention and after 6 months of intervention ]
  • Plasma biomarkers [ Time Frame: Prior to intervention and after 6 months of intervention ]

Estimated Enrollment: 330
Study Start Date: August 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2016
Primary Completion Date: July 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Caloric restriction Behavioral: caloric restriction
6 months of caloric restriction (15 %)
Experimental: omega-3 supplementation Behavioral: omega-3 supplementation
6 months of omega-3 supplementation
Experimental: resveratrol supplementation Behavioral: resveratrol supplementation
6 months of resveratrol supplementation
Placebo Comparator: placebo Behavioral: Placebo
6 months of placebo intake
Experimental: 2nd step: intervention + physical /cognitive training
most effective dietary intervention plus physical and cognitive training
Behavioral: 2nd step: intervention + physical / cognitive training
most effective dietary intervention plus physical and cognitive training
Placebo Comparator: 2nd step: most effective dietary intervention plus control
most effective dietary intervention plus control
Behavioral: 2nd step: intervention + control
most effective dietary intervention plus control

Detailed Description:

The age-related degradation of cognitive functions even to the point of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer`s disease are a growing public-health concern with devastating effects.

Referring to animal data, empirical studies, and pilot human trials, dietary modification (caloric restriction, omega-3 fatty acids and resveratrol) should improve cognitive functions such as learning and memory. To test this hypothesis, the researchers study general brain functions in elderly subjects (50-80 years old) with mild cognitive impairment.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • subjects with mild cognitive impairment
  • 50-80 years old
  • moderate to heavy weight (BMI 25-35)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • dementia
  • diabetes
  • severe disease
  • younger than 50 years
  • BMI < 25
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01219244

Locations
Germany
Department of Neurology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Berlin, Germany
Sponsors and Collaborators
Charite University, Berlin, Germany
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Investigators
Study Chair: Agnes Floeel, Prof. Charité University Berlin
  More Information

Publications:

Responsible Party: Agnes Flöel, Prof. Dr. med. Agnes Flöel, Neurologie, Charite University, Berlin, Germany
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01219244     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: nutrition_memory_01
Study First Received: October 12, 2010
Last Updated: July 26, 2017

Keywords provided by Agnes Flöel, Charite University, Berlin, Germany:
memory
diet
elderly
cognition
prevention
lifestyle

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cognition Disorders
Mild Cognitive Impairment
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Resveratrol
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Antimutagenic Agents
Anticarcinogenic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 16, 2017