CAR T Cell Receptor Immunotherapy Targeting VEGFR2 for Patients With Metastatic Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ) Identifier:
First received: October 8, 2010
Last updated: March 1, 2016
Last verified: February 2016


The NCI Surgery Branch has developed an experimental therapy for treating patients metastatic cancer that involves taking white blood cells from the patient, growing them in the laboratory in large numbers, genetically modifying these specific cells with a type of virus (retrovirus) to attack only the tumor cells, and then giving the cells back to the patient. This type of therapy is called gene transfer. In this protocol, we are modifying the patient s white blood cells with a retrovirus that has the gene for anti-VEGFR2 incorporated in the retrovirus.


- To determine a safe number of these cells to infuse and to see the safety and effectiveness of cell therapy using anti-VEGFR2 gene modified tumor white blood cells to treat recurrent or relapsed cancer.


- Individuals greater than or equal to 18 years of age and less than or equal to 70 years of age who have been diagnosed with metastatic cancer that has not responded to or has relapsed after standard treatment.


  • Work up stage: Patients will be seen as an outpatient at the NIH clinical Center and undergo a history and physical examination, scans, x-rays, lab tests, and other tests as needed
  • Leukapheresis: If the patients meet all of the requirements for the study they will undergo leukapheresis to obtain white blood cells to make the anti-VEGFR2 cells. {Leukapheresis is a common procedure which removes only the white blood cells from the patient.}
  • Treatment: Once their cells have grown the patients will be admitted to the hospital for the conditioning chemotherapy, the anti-VEGFR2 cells and aldesleukin. They will stay in the hospital for about4 weeks for the treatment.
  • Follow up: Patients will return to the clinic for a physical exam, review of side effects, lab tests, and scans about every 1-3 months for the first year, and then every 6 months to 1 year as long as their tumors are shrinking. Follow up visits will take up to 2 days.

Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Cancer
Metastatic Melanoma
Renal Cancer
Biological: Anti-VEGFR2 CAR CD8 plus PBL
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Biological: Aldesleukin
Drug: Fludarabine
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of Metastatic Cancer Using Lymphodepleting Conditioning Followed by Infusion of Anti-VEGFR2 Gene Engineered CD8+ Lymphocytes

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine whether objective responses can be mediated in patients treated with the anti-VEGFR2 CAR engineered CD8+ PBL and low dose aldesleukin [ Time Frame: 6 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: October 2010
Study Completion Date: February 2016
Primary Completion Date: February 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Single Arm
Patients will receive cells plus low dose aldesleukin
Biological: Anti-VEGFR2 CAR CD8 plus PBL
Patients will receive non-myeloablative lymphodepleting preparative regimen consisting of cyclophospamide and fludarabine followed by the administration of anti-VEGFR CAR CD8+ PBL and low dose aldesleukin. On day 0, cells will be infused in the Patient Care Unit over 20-30 minutes (Phase 1: 10e6- 3x10e10 cells and Phase 2: maximum tolerated dose of cells from Phase 1)
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Cyclophosphamide 60 mg/kg/day X 2 days IV in 250 ml D5W with mesna 15 mg/kg/day X 2 days over 1 hr
Biological: Aldesleukin
Aldesleukin (based on total body weight) will be administered at a dose of 72,000 IU/kg as an intravenous bolus over a 15 minute period approximately every eight hours (+/- 1 hour) beginning within 24 hours of the cell infusion and continuing for up to 5 days (maximum 15 doses)
Drug: Fludarabine
Fludarabine 25 mg/m2/day IVPB daily over 30 minutes for 5 days

  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

    1. Metastatic cancer with evaluable disease.
    2. Patients must have previously received at least one systemic standard care (or effective salvage chemotherapy regimens) for metastatic disease, if known to be effective for that disease, and have been either non-responders (progressive disease) or have recurred.
    3. Greater than or equal to 18 years of age and less than or equal to 70 years of age.
    4. Willing to sign a durable power of attorney
    5. Able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Document
    6. Clinical performance status of ECOG 0 or 1.
    7. Life expectancy of greater than three months.
    8. Patients of both genders must be willing to practice birth control from the time of enrollment on this study and for up to four months after treatment.
    9. Serology:

      1. Seronegative for HIV antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune-competence and thus be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)
      2. Seronegative for hepatitis B antigen, and seronegative for hepatitis C antibody. If hepatitis C antibody test is positive, then patient must be tested for the presence of antigen by RT-PCR and be HCV RNA negative.
    10. Hematology:

      1. Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm(3) without the support of filgrastim.
      2. WBC (> 3000/mm(3)).
      3. Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm(3).
      4. Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dl.
    11. Chemistry:

      1. Serum ALT/AST less or equal to 2.5 times the upper limit of normal.
      2. Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/dl.
      3. Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert s Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dl.
    12. More than four weeks must have elapsed since any prior systemic therapy at the time the patient receives the preparative regimen, and patients toxicities must have recovered to a grade 1 or less (except for toxicities such as alopecia or vitiligo).
    13. More than 4 weeks must have elapsed since an surgical procedure at the time the patient receives the preparative regimen due to the inhibition of wound healing observed with VEGFR targeting angiogenesis inhibitors.


  1. Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the treatment on the fetus or infant.
  2. Patients with known brain metastases.
  3. Patients receiving full dose anticoagulative therapy.
  4. Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders or other major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease.
  5. Any form of primary immunodeficiency (such as Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease).
  6. Concurrent opportunistic infections (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who have decreased immune competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities).
  7. Patients with diabetic retinopathy.
  8. Concurrent Systemic steroid therapy.
  9. History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study.
  10. History of coronary revascularization or ischemic symptoms.
  11. In patients

Documented FEV1 less than or equal to 45% predicted tested in patients with:

  1. History of ischemic heart disease, chest pain, or clinically significant atrial and/or ventricular arrhythmias including but not limited to: atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, second or third degree heart block.
  2. Age greater than or equal to 60 years old.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01218867

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Steven A Rosenberg, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ) Identifier: NCT01218867     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 110013  11-C-0013 
Study First Received: October 8, 2010
Last Updated: March 1, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Clinical Response
Metastatic Cancer
Adoptive Cell Therapy
Metastatic Melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Kidney Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Kidney Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Urogenital Neoplasms
Urologic Diseases
Urologic Neoplasms
Fludarabine phosphate
Alkylating Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antirheumatic Agents
Antiviral Agents processed this record on May 26, 2016