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Effects of Vestibular Rehabilitation on MS-related Fatigue: a Randomized Control Trial

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01216137
First Posted: October 7, 2010
Last Update Posted: January 29, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Multiple Sclerosis Society
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Colorado, Denver
  Purpose
The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and effectiveness of a novel exercise intervention for individuals who live with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Condition Intervention
Multiple Sclerosis Fatigue Balance Dizziness Other: Exercise: Vestibular Rehabilitation Other: Exercise

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of Vestibular Rehabilitation on MS-related Fatigue and Upright Postural Control: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Colorado, Denver:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Self-reported fatigue [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Modified Fatigue Impact Scale. Analyses occur at: Baseline; at 10 weeks of follow-up (Baseline to post-intervention; and at 14 weeks of follow-up (post-intervention to post-four week unsupervised follow-up.

  • Upright postural control [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Sensory Organization Test (SOT)-Posturography. Analyses occur at: Baseline; at 10 weeks of follow-up (Baseline to post-intervention; and at 14 weeks of follow-up (post-intervention to post-four week unsupervised follow-up.

  • Walking capacity [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    6-minute walk test (6MWT). Analyses occur at: Baseline; at 10 weeks of follow-up (Baseline to post-intervention; and at 14 weeks of follow-up (post-intervention to post-four week unsupervised follow-up.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Self-reported dizziness [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Dizziness Handicap Inventory. Analyses occur at: Baseline; at 10 weeks of follow-up (Baseline to post-intervention; and at 14 weeks of follow-up (post-intervention to post-four week unsupervised follow-up.

  • Self-reported depression [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
    Beck Depression Inventory - II. Analyses occur at: Baseline; at 10 weeks of follow-up (Baseline to post-intervention; and at 14 weeks of follow-up (post-intervention to post-four week unsupervised follow-up.


Enrollment: 38
Study Start Date: January 2007
Study Completion Date: October 2010
Primary Completion Date: July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Exercise: Vestibular Rehabilitation
Balance and eye movement training
Other: Exercise: Vestibular Rehabilitation
Balance and eye movement training
Active Comparator: Exercise Control
Bicycle ergometry and stretching
Other: Exercise
Bicycle ergometry and stretching
No Intervention: Wait-listed Control
Wait-listed Control

Detailed Description:

The investigators investigated the effect of a vestibular exercise program designed to help people with MS with two common problems: fatigue and difficulties with balance while standing and walking. Our primary aim was to compare the results from persons with MS that participated in the vestibular exercises (Experimental group) to individuals who participated in a more typical rehabilitation exercise program consisting of stretching and endurance exercise (Exercise Control group) or people who did not receive exercise treatment (Control group).

The study was a 14-week randomized controlled trial. Thirty eighty participants were followed for four weeks before being randomly assigned to one of the three groups. Each participant had an equal chance of being assigned to either the Experimental group, Exercise Control group or the Control group. The Experimental group received a standardized vestibular exercise program that included upright postural control (balance) and eye movement exercises (6 one-hour sessions over 6 weeks). The Exercise Control group received endurance training using a stationary bicycle and leg stretching exercises (6 one-hour sessions over 6 weeks). Both exercise groups received the same 5 minutes of fatigue management education. Measurements of self-reported fatigue, dizziness and depression, and performance of a computerized, standing upright postural control test and walking capacity test were measured to determine benefits from the interventions. Participants in the Control group did not exercise, however if they chose, received the treatment within the clinical setting upon completion of their participation in the study.

The investigators hypothesized that: 1) participants in the Experimental group would improve significantly in fatigue and balance; 2) improvements found in the Experimental group would be significantly greater than improvements in the Exercise Control group and Control group.

Results: Analyses occur at: Baseline; at 10 weeks of follow-up (Baseline to post-intervention; and at 14 weeks of follow-up (post-intervention to post-four week unsupervised follow-up.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • (1) Clinically definite MS confirmed by a board certified Neurologist
  • (2) Kurtzke Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) 0.0 to 6.0 (ranges and corresponding ambulatory status: 0.0 to 4.5 fully ambulatory without assistive device; 5.0 to 5.5 impaired ambulatory status without assistive device; 6.0 impaired ambulatory status with intermittent or unilateral constant assistive device)
  • (3) Age: 18 to 65 years (65 years has been set as the upper limit of age to decrease the possible age-related changes in physical strength, endurance, and upright postural control)
  • (4) Male or Female (MS affects both gender types)
  • (5) Comprehension of the general concept of the study and ability to make informed consent (see Section I. Special Consent Issues). (6) Minorities included
  • (7) Self-reported fatigue level on the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS) of a total score > 45 (This criterion has been used in previous studies investigating treatment for MS-related fatigue utilizing the MFIS)
  • (8) Sensory organization test (SOT) composite score of < 72

Exclusion Criteria:

  • (1) Non-ambulatory
  • (2) Utilization of agents to control fatigue: i.e. medications: Amantadine, Pemoline, Dexedrine Amphetamine, Methylphenidate, Provigil, Ritalin, Prokarin.
  • (3) Utilization of medication(s) that have known possible side effects of fatigue such as: skeletal muscle relaxants (i.e. Baclofen, Zanaflex), Statin Drugs, pain medication (i.e. Opioids, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs)
  • (4) Any other possible cause of fatigue: major sleep disorder, clinically diagnosed major depressive disorder, anemia, hypothyroidism, B12 deficiency, cancer
  • (5) Other neurological disorder which might contribute to significant balance problems, including cerebral vascular accident, peripheral neuropathy (separate from MS diagnosis, such as diabetes mellitus), peripheral vestibular disorders (unilateral/bilateral vestibular hypofunction: benign positional paroxysmal vertigo, Meniere's disease, acoustic neuroma)
  • (6) Change in MS specific medication (for disease modification) in the last three months
  • (7) Documented MS-related exacerbation in the last six months
  • (8) Any medical diagnosis or condition that is considered to be an absolute or relative contraindication to participating in exercise testing and/or result in limitations for participation in an active exercise program or aerobic exercise program, as recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)
  • (9) Participation in an exercise routine specifically designed as a vestibular and/or aerobic exercise program within eight weeks prior to study participation.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01216137


Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Colorado, Denver
National Multiple Sclerosis Society
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Margaret Schenkman, PT, PhD University of Colorado, Denver
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Colorado, Denver
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01216137     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-1108
PP1501 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: National Multiple Sclerosis Society Pilot Research Award )
First Submitted: October 5, 2010
First Posted: October 7, 2010
Last Update Posted: January 29, 2013
Last Verified: January 2013

Keywords provided by University of Colorado, Denver:
Multiple Sclerosis
Fatigue
Balance
Upright Postural Control
Dizziness

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis
Fatigue
Dizziness
Vertigo
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Sensation Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Vestibular Diseases
Labyrinth Diseases
Ear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases