Cluster Randomised Trial of Improved Sanitation in Rural Orissa, India
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01214785|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 5, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 24, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Diarrhoea Soil-transmitted Helminth Infection Nutritional Status||Behavioral: Provision of household latrines|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||100 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Assessing the Effect of Improved Rural Sanitation on Diarrhoea and Intestinal Nematode Infections: a Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial in Orissa, India|
|Study Start Date :||September 2010|
|Primary Completion Date :||December 2013|
|Study Completion Date :||June 30, 2017|
|Active Comparator: Sanitation intervention||
Behavioral: Provision of household latrines
WaterAid and local NGO partners mobilize householders in target villages to construct and use latrines in accordance with the Government of India's Total Sanitation Campaign.
|No Intervention: Control|
- Diarrhoea (<5s) [ Time Frame: 21 months ]Longitudinal prevalence of diarrhoea (7-day period prevalence) measured repeatedly every 3 months over a 21-month follow-up period. Diarrhoea is defined according to the WHO definition (three of more stools passed in 24 hrs)
- Soil-transmitted helminth infection [ Time Frame: baseline and endline ]Prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infection at the end of the follow-up period
- Weight-for-age (<5s) [ Time Frame: 21 months ]Weight of children <5 is recorded at each diarrhoea surveillance visit (every 3 months over the 21-month follow-up). Weight-for-age Z (WAZ) scores are calculated using the WHO growth standards. WAZ is used a proxy indicator of recent diarrhoea.
- lost days at school and work [ Time Frame: 21 months ]
- healthcare expenditure [ Time Frame: 21 months ]
- latrine coverage and use [ Time Frame: 21 months ]
- bacteriological water quality [ Time Frame: 21 months ]
- fly counts [ Time Frame: 21 months ]
- Height-for-age [ Time Frame: baseline and endline ]Recumbent length measured for children <2 at baseline and endline following standardised procedures for anthropometric assessment.
- Diarrhoea (all ages) [ Time Frame: 21 months ]Longitudinal prevalence of diarrhoea (7-day period prevalence) measured repeatedly every 3 months over a 21-month follow-up period. Diarrhoea is defined according to the WHO definition (passage of three or more loose stools in 24 hrs).
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01214785
|Xavier Institute of Management|
|Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India|
|Principal Investigator:||Thomas Clasen, PhD||London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine|