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Trial record 75 of 562 for:    maltodextrin

Probiotics for Prevention Neonatal Infection

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01214473
Recruitment Status : Terminated (DSMB stopped the study due to early effectiveness)
First Posted : October 5, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 26, 2014
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pinaki Panigrahi, University of Nebraska

Brief Summary:
Neonatal sepsis (serious infection) continues to be one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the newborn period around the world. India, with one of the world's largest populations, continues to struggle with extremely high infant and neonatal mortality rates. Sepsis accounts for 50% of deaths among community born (and 20% of mortality among hospital-born) infants. Closely linked with this is a burgeoning problem of antimicrobial resistance, which is increasingly restricting the therapeutic options for medical care providers. Friendly bacteria called "Probiotics" have been used in multiple infectious and inflammatory disease states in humans. Fructooligosaccharides are sugars found naturally in many fruits and vegetables and also in human breast milk. These sugars reach the colon undigested and serve as food for the friendly bacteria. The current study uses a probiotic preparation containing Lactobacillus plantarum and fructooligosaccharides as an attempt to prevent neonatal infections. Currently no conclusive data are available on the utility of probiotics in such conditions. If successful, such inexpensive preventive therapy can be made available to general public in resource poor countries. Similar preparations can also be used in the western world to prevent similar infectious conditions of the neonatal period, especially in preterm infants where sepsis continues to be a major cause of hospital stay and death.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neonatal Sepsis Sepsis Neonatal Infections Other: Synbiotics Other: Maltodextrin Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Our current study is an attempt to put the well known concept of probiotics through rigorous scientific testing before it could be recommended as a prophylactic therapy against neonatal infections. The study will be conducted in India in 8,442 infants who will receive once daily dosing of probiotics for one week. They will be followed for 60 days at home. We have designed the study with enough power to detect a 20% drop in the incidence rate and plan to collect multiple other demographic data from the mothers and infants to help us discern the possible contribution of other confounding risk factors that have been implicated as cofactors in neonatal infection and death.

This will be a randomized controlled clinical trial involving probiotics (Lactobacillus plantarum 10 billion bacteria and 150 mg of fructo-oligosaccharide). We will use our well established three tier monitoring system in the villages. Infants with any adverse event (including sepsis and other infections) will be brought to attached study hospitals for clinical care. Blood and/or CSG culture will be done using Bactec blood culture system and treatment will be provided based on clinical judgment and microbiological analysis of the blood/CSF and/or other findings such as chest X-ray. Data entry will be done on site and transmitted to the principal investigator's institution in the U.S. A data safety monitoring board convened by expert clinicians, neonatologists, and biostatisticians will monitor the study yearly and more frequently if required. Analyzed data will be published in appropriate journals.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 4556 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Prevention of Neonatal Infection in the Indian Community Setting Using Probiotics
Study Start Date : June 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sepsis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Probiotic group
Once daily oral administration of a probiotic preparation (1 billion cells of Lactobacillus plantarum and 150 mg of fructooligosaccharides) for one week to newborn infants
Other: Synbiotics
Lactobacillus plantarum with fructo-oligosaccharide

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Once daily oral administration of maltodextrin for one week to newborn infants
Other: Maltodextrin
Only maltodextrin as placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical sepsis and/or death [ Time Frame: During the first 60 days of life ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of culture proven sepsis (Gram-negative vs. Gram-positive) [ Time Frame: During the first 60 days of life ]
  2. Incidence of other infections [ Time Frame: During the first 60 days of life ]
  3. Effect on weight gain [ Time Frame: During the first 60 days of life ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 3 Days   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All newborn infants in the community >24 hours and <72 hours of age
  • 2000 g at birth
  • Breastfeeding begun by 24 hr of life
  • Able to tolerate oral feeds
  • Informed consent by parent or guardian

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence or suspicion of clinical sepsis before the baby is randomized
  • Not on breast feeding by 24 hr
  • Inability to establish oral feeds (in case of maternal death or ailment)
  • Presence of major congenital anomalies

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01214473

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Center for Advanced Research on Alternative Medicine
Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India, 751009
Ispat General Hospital
Rourkela, Orissa, India, 769002
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Nebraska
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
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Principal Investigator: Pinaki Panigrahi, MD,PhD University of Nebraska

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Responsible Party: Pinaki Panigrahi, Principal Investigator, University of Nebraska Identifier: NCT01214473     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 332-10 FB
5R01HD053719 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: October 5, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 26, 2014
Last Verified: August 2014
Keywords provided by Pinaki Panigrahi, University of Nebraska:
Clinical sepsis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Communicable Diseases
Neonatal Sepsis
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Pathologic Processes
Infant, Newborn, Diseases