Randomized Trial of Imaging Versus Risk Factor-Based Therapy for Plaque Regression

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01212900
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 1, 2010
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) )

Brief Summary:


- Atherosclerosis (thickening of the artery walls caused by cholesterol and other deposits) commonly occurs in the heart vessels and carotid (neck) arteries of adults. This is often present in individuals with high cholesterol levels in their blood. These patients are usually treated with cholesterol lowering medication ( statins ) along with modification of diet and exercise. Researchers are interested in investigating new approaches including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) imaging studies to detect blood vessel blockages that would not otherwise be detected by cholesterol levels and risk factors for heart disease.


- To measure atherosclerosis in the heart vessels and carotid arteries using imaging tests (computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)) before and after standard treatment with cholesterol lowering medication ( statins )


- Healthy individuals at least 55 years of age who are candidates for therapy to lower their blood cholesterol levels.


  • This study will involve one screening visit and seven study visits over a period of 2 years.
  • Participants will be screened with a physical examination and medical history, as well as blood samples and tests to ensure that it is safe for them to have CT and MRI scans. Participants will provide information on current medications, dietary habits, smoking status, alcohol and caffeine intake, and their level of physical activity.
  • Participants will be divided into two groups. One group will receive standard doses of medication to lower cholesterol according to current treatment guidelines, while the other group will have MRI scans of the carotid arteries and a CT scan of the heart to determine the best medication dose levels.
  • Visits 3 to 5 will be scheduled 3, 6, and 9 months after visit 2. During these visits, researchers will monitor for possible side effects and may change or adjust medications and doses.
  • At visit 6, participants will have an MRI scan of the carotid arteries, a physical examination, and blood tests. Medications may be changed or adjusted.
  • At visit 7, participants will have blood tests, and medications may be changed or adjusted.
  • At the final visit, participants will have MRI and CT scans of the carotid arteries and heart, respectively, as well as a final physical examination and blood tests.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Atherosclerosis Hypercholesterolemia Drug: Statin Drugs Other: HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors Phase 4

Detailed Description:

The overall aim of this proposal is to compare the effectiveness of an image guided approach to lipid lowering to standard therapy guided by clinical risk factors and blood lipid levels. Men and women over age 55 who are candidates for statin therapy will be randomized to usual cholesterol lowering care, or to care guided by MRI images of the carotid arteries. Participants randomized to the second, imaging guided, group will be assigned to LDL cholesterol targets according to the degree of atherosclerosis seen by MRI. The study endpoints will be the total degree of plaque regression seen, the dosage of statin drugs required to achieve that reduction, and the rate of cardiovascular events.

FDG-PET is hypothesized to enable visualization of anti-inflammatory effects of statins that most likely occur before anatomic regression of the plaques can be demonstrated on MRI. A pilot substudy is to be conducted to explore this relationship. A subgroup of patients participating in the main study will be asked to participate in FDG PET imaging. The purpose of this pilot study is to determine if FDG avid lesions undergo a greater degree of morphologic regression with therapy controlling for the reduction in LDL cholesterol and the dosage of statins required to achieve that target.

Although contrast-enhanced coronary CT angiography (CTA) with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has been used extensively to characterize coronary artery plaque composition, there is little data regarding its reproducibility. A recent study demonstrated excellent reproducibility for this technique but this study was performed using the older 64 detector row CT scanners2. A pilot substudy will be conducted to study the reproducibility of coronary CT angiography using the newer generation of 320 detector row CT scanners.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 242 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The RIGHT Study: Risk Stratification With Image Guidance of HMG Coa Reductase Inhibitor Therapy
Study Start Date : September 30, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : February 22, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Wall Volume
Drug: Statin Drugs
LDL. Cholesterol

Active Comparator: 2
Stenosis ?
Other: HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary efficacy endpoint of this study is the wall volume of the internal carotid arteries as measured by magnetic resonance imaging. [ Time Frame: One year, Two years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. A-Arterial stenosis & plaque vol measured by coronary MDCTA, B-Dosage of statin medications required to achieve LDL targets, C-Combined incidence of stroke, nonfatal MI, myocardial revascularization, hospitalization for unstable angina o... [ Time Frame: One year, Two years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

A. Men and Women greater than or equal to 55 years of age

B. Candidates for lipid lowering therapy under NCEP ATP III guidelines without contraindication to statin therapy

C. Willing to modify therapy to enroll in the study

D. Willing to travel to the NIH for follow-up visits.

E. Able to understand and sign informed consent

F. Lab Eligibility parameters:

  • eGFR > 45 mL/min/m2
  • For age >60 test GFR within 1 week prior to contrast; For age less than or equal to 60 test within 4 weeks


Participants who are not participating in the CT Reproducibility study are eligible.


Patients will be selected who had a one RR interval initial CT scan with less that 10.5 mSv estimated radiation dosage and who will not be participating in the PET Substudy.


A. Ineligibility for MR imaging due to:

  • Previous pacemaker implantation
  • Automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD)
  • Metal implants or other ferromagnetic devices, or
  • Foreign material

B. Claustrophobia

C. Contra-indication or allergy to statin medications.

D. Current statin therapy at or above the maximum dosage permitted per study protocol.

E. Use of fibrates, ezetimibe, niacin, or bile acid binding agents within 6 months of screening visit.

F. Pregnancy and nursing.

G. Liver failure defined clinically and by laboratory data.

H. Mental, neurologic or social condition preventing understanding of the rationale, procedures, risks and potential benefits associated with the trial.

I. Any other conditions that precludes safety for MRI and/or CT imaging per the researcher s evaluation.


(Inclusive of the above exclusion criteria):

  1. Allergy to gadolinium for scans using contrast; will be eligible for non-contrast scans.
  2. Acute renal failure, renal transplant, dialysis and renal failure (eGFR < 45 mL/min/m2 and/or clinically diagnosed).
  3. Individuals with a history of liver transplant or severe liver disease.<TAB>
  4. Individuals with hemoglobinopathies or severe asthma.


Prior hypersensitivity reaction to iodinated contrast injection, renal dysfunction (defined as eGFR < 45 mL/min/ m2) or a current clinical diagnosis of renal failure.


Patients who are unable or unwilling to comply with the physical activity restrictions or fast for 12 hours prior to FDG PET scanning will be excluded. Due to the need for dietary manipulation and the maintenance of strict glycemic control we will exclude diabetic patients from our initial study sample. Blood glucose measurements before injection must be within normal limits, less than 200 mg/dL (11 mmol/L).


Patients who did not have a one RR interval initial CT scan. Patients who will participate in the PET Substudy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01212900

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Principal Investigator: Nehal N Mehta, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier: NCT01212900     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 100214
First Posted: October 1, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2018
Last Verified: February 12, 2018

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) ):
Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiac MRI
Cardiac CT

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Enzyme Inhibitors
Lipid Regulating Agents